10th CENTRAL ASIA. RUSSIAN ARCHITECTURE: Tech tool workshop. Bim III. 2012-2013
RUSSIANARCHITECTURE RUSSIAN ARCHITECTURE
Origins of Russian Architecture• Kievan Rus 988- 1230 a.C.(medieval state of Russia, Belarus, Ukraine)• Influenced by Bizantine architecture• Churches were built afterthe adoption of Christianityin 988.• Cupolas meant the celestial sky. It isthe union between earth and God.• Later on, Onion shaped domesreplaced cupolas. This shape was useful because it preventedaccumulating snow during the winter. These became characteristic ofRussian Architecture up until 1700’s.
Interesting facts….“For most of its history, Russian architecture has beenpredominantly religious. Churches were for centuries the onlybuildings to be constructed of stone, and today they are almost theonly buildings that remain from its ancient past. The basic elementsof Russian church design emerged fairly early, around the eleventhcentury. The plan is generally that of a Greek cross (all four arms areequal), and the walls are high and relatively free of openings.Sharply-sloped roofs (tent roofs) and a multitude of domes cover thestructure. The characteristic onion dome first appeared in Novgorodon the Cathedral of Sancta Sophia, in the eleventh century.”Text taken from “Russian Art and Architecture” http://www.geographia.com/russia/rusart01.htm