Architecture In Russia


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Architecture in Russia during the 18th century

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Architecture In Russia

  1. 1. Architecture in Russia<br />From 1682 to1796<br />
  2. 2. Architecture in 18th Century Russia<br />Architecture during Tsar Peter’s reign and up to the end of Empress Catherine in 1796 flourished immensely. Largely in part to Peter’s obsession with all things European, the architecture during this time was infused with smatterings of culture from places such as Italy and Sweden. His successor’s largely followed in his steps and continued to emphasize on Western influence. Russian architects also played a role in the outfitting of Russia’s main cities. The new capital city, St. Petersburg, is such an example of the extraordinary display of dazzling architecture. Rising from the swamps of the Neva, St. Petersburg became the focal point of Russian architecture and became one of the most beautiful cities in Russia.<br />
  3. 3. Peter’s Winter Palace<br />One of the most well known building’s is Peter’s Winter Palace. Originally built in 1711 and then joined by a second winter palace in 1721, Peter’s great home was eventually added on and enlarged by Catherine the Great. <br />
  4. 4. Menshikov Palace<br />The Menshikov family was one of the first of the nobles to arrive in St. Petersburg and establish a beautiful home in 1711. The Menshikov Palace was the most grandiose building in St. Petersburg and far outshone the other palaces of the area. <br />
  5. 5. Peter and Paul Fortress<br />The Peter and Paul Fortress was originally built by Peter the Great to protect the city of St. Petersburg. Unfortunately for a military citadel it never served it’s purpose. But fortunately for artistic sake it is a magnificent homage to the domed churches of Italy and a display of wealth and splendor. <br />
  6. 6. Tauride Palace<br />Built in 1783 for Catherine the Greats’ favorite and lover Gregory Potemkin, the Tauride Palace displayed qualities of Greek architecture and columns. Like a Russian Monticello, this beautiful palace was eventually turned into barracks by Tsar Paul I, Catherine’s extremely bitter son. Fortunately Paul’s son Alexander ordered the reconstruction of the Classic style palace.<br />
  7. 7. Twelve Colleges<br />This large administrative building was built after a public design competition was held. The winner’s designed the building for function and looks. <br />
  8. 8. Conclusion<br />St. Petersburg was a rapidly changing city in the early 18th century. Peter the Great was introducing reforms left and right to encourage the Russian people to adopt European cultures and to modernize and enhance traditional Russian cultures. Nothing could make this so obvious as the mis-matched but beautiful buildings that came from this adoption of many different Western art and architecture. St. Petersburg today is still a culturally diverse city with architecture reaching across the world in an effort to illuminate Peter the Greats’ dream that Russian would be formally welcomed into the Modern World.<br />