History of Prague - MEDIEVAL

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History of Prague - MEDIEVAL

  1. 1. HISTORY OF PRAGUE -MEDIEVAL
  2. 2. VYŠEHRAD built in the 10th century on a hill over the river Vltava Jirasek wrote the legends about Vyšehrad (Libuše,Šemík) Vratislav II (1061-1092) chose Vyšehrad as his royalresidence He founded the Basicila of St Lawrence andRomanesque rotunda of St Martin and VyšehradChapter Charles IV converted Vyšehrad into a stone fortress
  3. 3. PHOTO OF VYŠEHRAD
  4. 4. OLD TOWN SQUARE founded in 11th century one of the most beautiful historical sights in Europe it has been the site of several unfortunate and tragicoccasions: in 1621, 27 representatives of the anti-Habsburg insurrection were executed the central marketplace for Prague from the 12thcentury there is the Statue of Jan Hus, gothic Týn Church,baroque St Nicolas church, Old Town Hall andAstronomical clock
  5. 5. PHOTO OF OLD TOWN SQUARE
  6. 6. PRAGUE CASTLE founded around the year 880 by Prince Borivoj in 11th century Prague Castle became the seat of thehead of state and the highest representative of church,the Prague bishop The period of the rule of King and later Emperor CharlesIV in the 14th century was a time of prosperity The kings of Habsburg dynasty started rebuilding theCastle into a renaissance seat today Prague Castle, besides the seat of the head ofstate, is also an important cultural and historicalmonument
  7. 7. PHOTO OF PRAGUE CASTLE
  8. 8. SAINT NICOLAS CHURCH the most famous Baroque church in Prague in Lesser Town the Jesuit Thomas Schwarz built the small and mainorgans the organs were built in 1745-47, the main organ hasover 4,000 pipes up to six metres in length W. A. Mozart played this organ during his stay in Prague
  9. 9. PHOTO OF ST NICOLAS CHURCH
  10. 10. BETHLEHEM CHAPEL founded in 1391 Jan Hus, Czech national hero, preached here between1402-1412 Jan Hus preached in Czech what was exceptional after the Hussite wars, the chapel became a centre forthe Utraquist Church
  11. 11. PHOTO OF BETLEHEM CHAPEL
  12. 12. CHARLES BRIDGE the most famous historic bridge on Vltava river slide 621 meters long and nearly 10 meters wide its construction started n 1357 founded by king Charles IV now there are 75 statues One of the oldest statue is John of Nepomuk It has been called Charles Bridge since 1870
  13. 13. PHOTO OF CHARLES BRIDGE
  14. 14. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!ELISKA GLATZOVA , TOMAS STEHNO, 6.BCLASS

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