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Instutional repositories and data


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Introductory talk for ANDS workshop on Institutional Repositories and data. The talk situates the topic within the field of scholarly communication before comparing the relative technical simplicity of running repositories of publications with the complexities that accompany a shift to data. The most-retweeted slide is the one viewing the response of repository managers to data through the lens of Elizabeth Kübler-Ross' stages of grieving.

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Instutional repositories and data

  1. 1. Institutional Repositories and Data Andrew Treloar, ANDS
  2. 2. Context • Scholarly Communication Functions • Registration • Certification • Awareness • Archiving • [Rewarding] Roosendaal, H., and Geurts, P. 1997. “Forces and functions in scientific communication: an analysis of their interplay”. Cooperative Research Information Systems in Physics, August 31—September 4 1997, Oldenburg, Germany, via Van de Sompel, et al., “Rethinking Scholarly Communication: Building the System that Scholars Deserve”. D-Lib Magazine, September 2004. 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 2
  3. 3. Purpose • “a university-based institutional repository is a set of services that a university offers to the members of its community for the management and dissemination of digital materials created by the institution and its community members” Lynch, C., “Institutional Repositories: Essential Infrastructure for Scholarship in the Digital Age”, portal: Libraries and the Academy, Volume 3, Number 2, April 2003, pp. 327-336 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 3
  4. 4. Affordances • Deposit • can support Registration • Manage • may contribute to Archiving • Find • may assist with Awareness • Access • may assist with Certification and Rewarding 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 4
  5. 5. Initially • Deposit: • publications • via upload • Manage: • small {size|number} objects • simple (DC) metadata • Discover: • directly • aggregators (OAI-PMH) • Access • download 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 5
  6. 6. Early solutions 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 6
  7. 7. But data… • Initially supplementary • Later 1st class • JASO • “Institutional repositories can support new practices of scholarship that emphasize data as an integral part of the record and discourse of scholarship.” Lynch, p. 332 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 7
  8. 8. Data • Deposit: • uploads time out • Manage: • large {size|number} objects • complex disciplinary–specific metadata • Discover: • more difficult because need metadata (no full text) • Access • downloads time out or don’t make sense • hard to support in-situ access for re-use 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 8
  9. 9. Stages • Denial • “Our users only want to deposit publications” • Anger • “Data aren’t a real scholarly output!” • Bargaining • “I suppose we can take *some* data” • Depression • “what are we going to do with this 36GB dataset?” • Acceptance • “Let’s work out the best approach” 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 9
  10. 10. Solution patterns • Restrict • size and number of objects • Refer • store elsewhere and point • Adapt • reengineer underlying software to provide more robust storage layer • “Fedora 4.0 supports large files … uploading content to the repository and pulling it down via the REST API has been successfully tested with files up to 1-TB” 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 10
  11. 11. Now • IRs still mostly publications • but becoming more integrated with broader research information management ecosystem • Data often stored elsewhere • on-campus stores • cloud offerings • But • who is managing the data? • is this what we want? • does anybody (other than us) care? 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 11
  12. 12. Future • “NHMRC encourages researchers to disseminate and share their research data through publicly accessible databases or repositories” • PLOS recommends “appropriate public [discipline-specific or generalist] repositories” for associated data • “ACS is facilitating automated deposition of Supporting Information (SI) files to a secure hosting environment [figshare], free from any restrictions on size and format” • Mendeley Data: “The data submitted by researchers on this platform will be included in the long-term archive of DANS” • Elsevier links to PANGAEA 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 12
  13. 13. Data role for IRs • “management and dissemination of digital materials created by the institution” (Lynch) • Parallel offering to offset ecosystem fluidity • Owned by an organisation that is likely to last and that should care about its outputs • But is this enough? 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 13
  14. 14. Questions/Arguments? • @atreloar • • 16/11/2015 CC-BY @atreloar 14