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Conceptualising Collaboration   and Competition in the Changing      Ecology of Research Data                    Dr Andrew...
Why me?•   Information management•   Scholarly communication•   Institutional repositories•   Research data management•   ...
ANDS enables transformation of:Data that are:          To Structured Collections that are:      Unmanaged               Ma...
Clockwork    18/06/2012                                                 4CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/arenamontanus/...
Jungle     18/06/2012                                                                     5BY http://upload.wikimedia.org/...
Why an ecological approach?• Information ecology:     o   people     o   practices     o   values     o   technologies• Wa...
Ecology elements•   Systems that evolve over time•   Environmental factors (constraints, forcing)•   Selection pressures• ...
Research data ecology                   elements•   Researchers•   Institutions•   Research funders•   Data centres (insti...
Predator-Prey    18/06/2012                                         9CC-BY: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cskk/3974104408/
Competitor    18/06/2012           CC-BY: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pvk/58685520/   10CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photo...
Parasitism    18/06/2012                                             11CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/tony_rodd/275900...
Symbiosis18/06/2012                                                 12               CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/rl...
Co-evolution isn‟t necessarily                 good• Systems co-evolve• But can also get stuck in a new stable (not  neces...
New niches allow for new                   possibilities• Internet was new niche for journals18/06/2012                   ...
Research data can be new niche             for librarians• New roles within institutions• New way to engage with wider ran...
Selection pressures in research            data driving change• Increasing     o     o     o         volume         variet...
Role of Publishers• Is the relationship between the publishers  of research and the producers of research  symbiotic or pa...
Collaboration or competition?    • Symbiotic relationships are often better for      both parties than either competition ...
Conclusions• Ecology provides a richer way of thinking  about scholarly communication than  mechanics• Research data is a ...
Further reading• B. A. Nardi, & V. L. O‟Day, “Information  ecologies: using technology with heart.  Chapter Four: Informat...
Questions?• andrew.treloar@ands.org.au• @atreloar• andrew.treloar.net• http://www.slideshare.net/atreloar/research  -data-...
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Research data ecology

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Keynote delivered at Nordbib 2012, June 12, 2012. Uses an ecological perspective to analyse research data publishing

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Research data ecology

  1. 1. Conceptualising Collaboration and Competition in the Changing Ecology of Research Data Dr Andrew Treloar Director of Technology Australian National Data Service18/06/2012 1
  2. 2. Why me?• Information management• Scholarly communication• Institutional repositories• Research data management• „Adjunct librarian‟• andrew.treloar.net/research18/06/2012 2
  3. 3. ANDS enables transformation of:Data that are: To Structured Collections that are: Unmanaged Managed Disconnected Connected Invisible Findable Single use Reusable so that Australian researchers can easily publish, discover, access and use research data.18/06/2012 3 ands.org.au
  4. 4. Clockwork 18/06/2012 4CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/arenamontanus/3553313505/
  5. 5. Jungle 18/06/2012 5BY http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/47/Jungle.jpg/1280px-Jungle.jpg
  6. 6. Why an ecological approach?• Information ecology: o people o practices o values o technologies• Way of thinking about the space that offers richer insights18/06/2012 6
  7. 7. Ecology elements• Systems that evolve over time• Environmental factors (constraints, forcing)• Selection pressures• Biodiversity• Species and individuals• Niches for colonisation/exploitation• Resources• Interactions• Species co-evolution/co-adaptation18/06/2012 7
  8. 8. Research data ecology elements• Researchers• Institutions• Research funders• Data centres (institutional, disciplinary, national, international)• Disciplines• Research facilities• Libraries• Publishers18/06/2012 8
  9. 9. Predator-Prey 18/06/2012 9CC-BY: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cskk/3974104408/
  10. 10. Competitor 18/06/2012 CC-BY: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pvk/58685520/ 10CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/bata/2463176219
  11. 11. Parasitism 18/06/2012 11CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/tony_rodd/2759008143/
  12. 12. Symbiosis18/06/2012 12 CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/rling/438038729/
  13. 13. Co-evolution isn‟t necessarily good• Systems co-evolve• But can also get stuck in a new stable (not necessarily more desirable) state• Example: p-journals e-journals o form and access arrangements largely unchanged• #openaccess is now gaining momentum• But form changing more slowly18/06/2012 13
  14. 14. New niches allow for new possibilities• Internet was new niche for journals18/06/2012 14 CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/stone-imaginings/3504148642/
  15. 15. Research data can be new niche for librarians• New roles within institutions• New way to engage with wider range of clients• New application of existing skills• New partnerships with Research Office, IT Services, e-Research folks18/06/2012 15
  16. 16. Selection pressures in research data driving change• Increasing o o o volume variety } velocity (Gartner, 2001)• Increasing importance of data relative to publications• Mixed messages from journal publishers• Outcomes currently unclear18/06/2012 16
  17. 17. Role of Publishers• Is the relationship between the publishers of research and the producers of research symbiotic or parasitic?• And how will rise of data-intensive research change this? o Protein Data Bank o Human Genome Project o International Virtual Observatory18/06/2012 17
  18. 18. Collaboration or competition? • Symbiotic relationships are often better for both parties than either competition or predator/prey 18/06/2012 18CC-BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/peternijenhuis/2979063336/
  19. 19. Conclusions• Ecology provides a richer way of thinking about scholarly communication than mechanics• Research data is a new niche for (some) librarians o but it‟s a niche undergoing great change• Look for symbiotic relationships• Critically examine the roles of other players in the ecosystem18/06/2012 19
  20. 20. Further reading• B. A. Nardi, & V. L. O‟Day, “Information ecologies: using technology with heart. Chapter Four: Information ecologies”, First Monday Vol 4 No 5 May 3, 1999. http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue4_5/n ardi_chapter4.html• R. J. Robertson, M. Mahey, J. Allinson, An ecological approach to repository and service interactions, v. 1.5 http://ie- repository.jisc.ac.uk/272/1/Introductoryecolog yreport.pdf18/06/2012 20
  21. 21. Questions?• andrew.treloar@ands.org.au• @atreloar• andrew.treloar.net• http://www.slideshare.net/atreloar/research -data-ecology18/06/2012 21

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