An introduction to Wikipedia and cataloguing issues


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An overview of Wikipedia and its potential for libraries, also covering cataloguing issues. Part of the Cataloguing and Indexing Group in Scotland (CIGS) seminar "Toto, I've got a feeling we're not in Kansas anymore": metadata issues and Web2.0 services.

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An introduction to Wikipedia and cataloguing issues

  1. 1. An Introduction to Wikipedia <ul><ul><li>and Cataloguing Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. The Glasgow Digital Library and Wikipedia <ul><li>In 2003, the CDLR established </li></ul><ul><li>'The Maxton Papers’ as part of the </li></ul><ul><li>Glasgow Digital Library. </li></ul><ul><li>Alan Dawson and Jane Barton decided </li></ul><ul><li>to monitor how highly ‘The Maxton </li></ul><ul><li>Papers’ were ranked on Google. </li></ul>
  3. 4. A Usurper! <ul><li>For several months, they were in 1 st </li></ul><ul><li>position </li></ul><ul><li>Spartacus’ page on Maxton pushed </li></ul><ul><li>them down into 2 nd position </li></ul><ul><li>Pushed into 3 rd by Wikipedia </li></ul>
  4. 6. Wikipedia was clearly important...
  5. 7. Potential Benefits <ul><li>Increased interest in information retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory relationship between </li></ul><ul><li>users/producers </li></ul><ul><li>Increase visibility of your collection </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure users provided with accurate information </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage drive toward standardisation </li></ul><ul><li>Engage with local/global communities </li></ul><ul><li>Mutually beneficial arrangement </li></ul>
  6. 8. A Call for Participation <ul><li>“ We do not believe that any resource tool can be reliable </li></ul><ul><li>without scholarly input; this is why we so warmly </li></ul><ul><li>welcome and invite the contributions of experts. It is a </li></ul><ul><li>longstanding mistake to think of Wikipedia as being </li></ul><ul><li>anti-elitist. Virtually every top Wikipedian I know is an </li></ul><ul><li>elitist of the best sort: </li></ul><ul><li>We love people who know what they are talking about.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Jimmy Wales, founder of Wikipedia </li></ul>
  7. 9. PAC 2.0! <ul><li>Users’ experience of information seeking </li></ul><ul><li>and retrieval is changing… </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia creates a hypertext/browsing model </li></ul><ul><li>of searching </li></ul><ul><li>The model may be different but… </li></ul><ul><li>Underlying purposes and goals are the same as </li></ul><ul><li>traditional catalogues </li></ul>
  8. 10. Entry points to knowledge <ul><li>Wikipedia is a good starting point for information </li></ul><ul><li>seeking </li></ul><ul><li>I believe it may actually CREATE a potential </li></ul><ul><li>user group for libraries </li></ul><ul><li>There is lots of overlap between Library and </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 philosophies </li></ul><ul><li>Provided that libraries engage with/understand </li></ul><ul><li>the phenomenon, they can benefit from it </li></ul>
  9. 11. Complementary Philosophies? <ul><li>Wikia’s Four Organizing Principles (TCQP) – state that </li></ul><ul><li>the future of Internet Search must be based on: </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency - Openness in how the systems operate </li></ul><ul><li>Community - Everyone is able to contribute in </li></ul><ul><li>some way </li></ul><ul><li>Quality - Significantly improve the relevancy and </li></ul><ul><li>accuracy of search results </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy - Must be protected </li></ul>
  10. 12. Some Familiar Categorisations <ul><li>Overviews of Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Featured content </li></ul><ul><li>Lists </li></ul><ul><li>Including - Topics and Basic Topics </li></ul><ul><li>Glossaries </li></ul><ul><li>Categorical Indices </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabetical Indices </li></ul><ul><li>And some Innovative ones… </li></ul><ul><li>Portals </li></ul><ul><li>Timelines </li></ul>
  11. 14. A Nod to traditional schemes <ul><li>Wikipedia's other broad categorical indices are: </li></ul><ul><li>List of Dewey Decimal classes — lists the top </li></ul><ul><li>two classes of each subject </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Outline of Roget's Thesaurus — articles organised </li></ul><ul><li>into a system based on six classes, with thousands </li></ul><ul><li>of branches, following Roget's system </li></ul>
  12. 15. A Wikipedian explains: <ul><li>“ From 2003, it became clear that listing articles in a topic area was an important activity, and I did a lot of that for mathematics. When categories appeared, they seemed like lists, but with different, overlapping functionality. So WP moved to lists+categories. </li></ul><ul><li>Of course you could have a list of any kind. Some lists get removed as frivolous and not helpful. But in general both lists and categories have a navigational role. </li></ul><ul><li>Any particular addition of a category is fallible.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Charles R. Matthews, Editor, Wikipedia </li></ul>
  13. 16. Entry points for Libraries <ul><li>Entry points into the subject of Libraries/Librarians on Wikipedia: </li></ul><ul><li>Library and Information Science Portal: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>This portal is a ‘featured portal’ meaning it is “regarded as </li></ul><ul><li>being particularly useful, attractive, and well-maintained.” </li></ul><ul><li>Topic list: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Project to introduce Librarians to Wikipedia and </li></ul><ul><li>the world of Wikipedians, and vice versa! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 17. Exposing your collection! <ul><li>Create an entry for your organisation on Wikipedia, as the </li></ul><ul><li>California Digital Library and Bodleian Library have done </li></ul><ul><li>Allow users to find your collection by creating external links </li></ul><ul><li>on relevant pages for example: </li></ul><ul><li>Create a link to Maxton Papers on I.L.P article </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming involved in improving and updating the Library </li></ul><ul><li>and Information Science portal: LIS Portal </li></ul>
  15. 20. Forthcoming Book <ul><li>‘ How Wikipedia Works ’ by Matthews et al. </li></ul><ul><li>Publication date: May/June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>No Starch Press Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>By Charles R. Matthews and Phoebe Ayers, </li></ul><ul><li>both Librarians, who sit on Wikipedia’s </li></ul><ul><li>Arbitration Board. </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN 10: 1-59327-176-X </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN 13:9781593271763 </li></ul>
  16. 21. For the really pro-active… <ul><li>Use the free Wikimedia software to create </li></ul><ul><li>a Wiki for your own collection, independent </li></ul><ul><li>of the main Wikipedia site </li></ul><ul><li>Get involved in the WikiLibrary Project </li></ul><ul><li>run by Michael Sauers and others </li></ul><ul><li>Add learning materials on Cataloguing to </li></ul><ul><li>Wikiversity to encourage awareness of the </li></ul><ul><li>profession </li></ul><ul><li>Upload some text/images to Wikipedia Commons </li></ul>
  17. 22. No way to ignore it… <ul><li>Even if you do not wish to become an active </li></ul><ul><li>proponent of Wikipedia, it is still a good </li></ul><ul><li>idea to check from time to time, that links to </li></ul><ul><li>your site, mentions of your institution </li></ul><ul><li>or images/text taken from your collection </li></ul><ul><li>and added to Wikipedia comply with </li></ul><ul><li>copyright regulations. </li></ul>