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Open Access to Scholarly Communications

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Open Access to Scholarly Communications

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Open Access to Scholarly Communications

  1. 1. Open Access? •Open Access literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions (Peter Suber, 2004)
  2. 2. Why Open Access? ● Open Access seeks to return scholarly publishing to its original purpose: to spread knowledge and allow that knowledge to be built upon (righttoresearch.org). ● It ensures that the community has free and immediate access to the literature before and after it has been reviewed and published (jneurosci.org).
  3. 3. Benefits of Open Access •For researchers, it brings increased visibility, usage and impact for their work. http://www.openoasis.org/ •Scholarly articles that are available in open access form are downloaded and cited more often than articles published only in subscription-based journals, and that citations occur more quickly than with a traditional publication cycle. http://library.duke.edu/ •Universities & Research Institutes - greater visibility, clearer management information. http://sparceurope.org/
  4. 4. Greater Openness to Research Outputs •Improves the potential social and economic impact of research. •Makes research outputs travel further. •Enables researchers themselves to benefit. •Provides greater value for money to funding bodies. Source: CIARD
  5. 5. Strategies to Achieve Open Access •Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002) recommends: • Self-Archiving – Depositing refereed journal articles in open electronic archives. • Open Access Journals – New generation of journals committed to open access which will not invoke copyright to restrict access. Source: http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/boai-10-recommendations
  6. 6. Self Archiving • Pre-Prints : first draft of the article - before peer-review, even before any contact with a publisher • Post-Prints : version of the paper after peer-review, with revisions having been made.
  7. 7. Eprints •Eprints - free software interoperable with all other open archives, ready to be registered and for their contents to be harvested into searchable global archives. •University of Southampton •http://www.eprints.org/
  8. 8. SHERPA/RoMEO •Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving • http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ •68% of publishers formally allow some form of self-archiving. •31 publishers from India. •1024 globally.
  9. 9. Institutional Repositories •An Institutional Repository is an online locus for collecting, preserving, and disseminating, in digital form, the intellectual output of an institution (INASP, 2013).
  10. 10. Institutional Repositories ● “Institutional repositories increase visibility and opportunities for researchers” -Sarah Tanksalvala ● Institute’s research reputation increases when all the scholarly outputs are showcased (abilities and expertise).
  11. 11. Open Access Mandates http://roarmap.eprints.org/
  12. 12. DOAJ – Indian Journals
  13. 13. DOAJ
  14. 14. DOAJ – Members
  15. 15. National Data Sharing and Access Policy • Aims at the promotion of a technology-based culture of data management as well as data sharing and access. • It opens up, proactively, information on available data, which could be shared with civil society for developmental purposes. • The policy has limited its scope to data owned by the agencies, departments/Ministries and entities under the Government of India. http://www.dst.gov.in/national-data-sharing-and-accessibility-policy-0
  16. 16. Sci-Hub Sept. 2015 - Feb. 2016. Source: http://www.nature.com/news/paper-piracy-sparks-online-debate-1.19841
  17. 17. IARI – Availability & Accessibility •Publications from IARI are available to subscribers of the CeRA – public availability to IARI publications is very meager. •Availability and accessibility of IARI publications (2008–2010), only 9% were open access journals and 14% of the published articles could be found on Eprints@IARI. •Thus, only up to 23% of the IARI’s published literature is available and accessible to the public. Tandon et.al. 2013 (pre-print
  18. 18. The Barriers •No mandate for researchers to make their data, information and knowledge publicly accessible. •Does not have infrastructure and tools to make data, information and knowledge openly accessible. •Insufficient technical expertise on opening up access to knowledge. Source: CIARD
  19. 19. The Solution •Institutes should have the policies and resources to enable to harness the new digital technologies and to make data and information more easily accessible. Source: CIARD Data and information power innovation — restricted access represents a barrier to innovation.
  20. 20. Figshare
  21. 21. CC-BY Attribution 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ •You are free to: • Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format • Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. •The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
  22. 22. Alternate Metrics • San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment – “Do not use journal-based metrics, such as Journal Impact Factors, as a surrogate measure of the quality of individual research articles, to assess an individual scientist’s contributions, or in hiring, promotion, or funding decisions” • Altmetric.com • ImpactStory
  23. 23. DST – DBT on Metrics • “The DBT/DST affirms the principle that the intrinsic merit of the work, and not the title of the journal in which an author’s work is published....” • “DBT/DST does not recommend the use of journal impact factors, as a surrogate measure of the quality of individual research articles, to assess an individual scientist’s contributions, or in hiring, promotion, or funding decisions”. Source: dbtindia.nic.in/docs/DST-DBT_Draft.pdf
  24. 24. Open Access India - Advocacy •Advocating for giving score for Open Access publishing in DOAJ Indexed Journals. •Advocating for not to use Impact Factors for •assessment •appointment •advancement
  25. 25. Thank You

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