The passive voice The Passive is not atense. You will find it easier tounderstand the passive ifyou already know thebasic English verb tenses.
We make an active sentenceWe make an active sentence passivepassive when wewhen wewant to put informationwant to put information at the beginningat the beginning ofofthe sentence because it isthe sentence because it is more importantmore important..A lot of moneyA lot of money is important.is important.TouristsTourists spendspend a lot of money in London.a lot of money in London.A lot of moneyA lot of money is spentis spent in Londonin London byby tourists.tourists.TouristsTourists is important.is important.active sentence:active sentence:passive sentence:passive sentence:
To make the passive use theverb ‘to BE’ in the same tenseas the original sentence – here itis the present simple tense…and the 3rdform orpast participle of themain verb.If you need to mentionwho is doing theaction, use ‘by’ tointroduce it.‘is liked ’ is present simple passive(because ‘is’ is in the present simple).likes the film “The Lion King”.EverybodyThe film “The Lion King” is everybody.bylikedActive sentencePassivesentence
likeslikesPresent Passive Here isHere is an active verban active verb in the present simple:in the present simple: Now let’s change the sentence toNow let’s change the sentence to the passive.the passive.▪▪ When we make an active sentenceWhen we make an active sentence passivepassive, the, theobjectobject becomesbecomes subjectsubject..The film “The Lion King”The film “The Lion King”isis everybody.everybody.EverybodyEverybody likeslikes the film “The Lion King”.the film “The Lion King”.ObjectObjectSubjectSubjectbybySubjectSubject ObjectObjectthe film “The Lion King”.the film “The Lion King”.EverybodyEverybodylikedliked
Take a look at some more sentencesin the present simple passive.English teachers are loved by everybody.The verb ‘to be’ is pluralin this sentence to agreewith ‘teachers’.
Make the verb ‘to BE’negative in the usualway.‘by …’ may not benecessary. If it’s notimportant, leave it out.English teachers are not loved by everybody.You don’t have to agree with that statement!You’re thinking ‘Some people don’t love English teachers!’So let’s make that passive!English teachers are loved by everybody.
Can you remember the past participles ofthese verbs? Fill in the blank.findreadCheckeatteacheatentaughtCheckCheckcutcutCheckreadmademakefoundsungsingseenseeCheckCheckCheckCheck
Fill in the blankA lot of coffee in Brazil.(produce)A lot of dogs in England Ben.(call)Checkis producedare calledCheck
A million drawings in The Lion King.(use)Fill in the blankare usedSimba by his friend, Nala.(find)is foundCheckCheck
Complete each sentence inthe passive. People eat millions of bars of chocolate every day!Millions of bars of chocolate every day! We plant hundreds of trees every year.Hundreds of trees every year.are eatenare plantedCheckCheck
Complete each sentence inthe passive. Nowadays people cut down many trees forno reason.Nowadays many trees for noreason. A Portuguese person teaches my sister.My sister by a Portuguese person.are cut downCheckis taught Check
Complete each sentence inthe passive. People read millions of newspapers every day.Millions of newspapers every day. Smith and Co publish Tom’s new book.Tom’s new book by Smith and Co.are readCheckis published Check