VerbalsGrammar Lesson 10English 10
Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Telling the difference between  a verb and a verbal is not  done by looking only at the  word ...
Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Examples:  o   Waxed  o   Flowing  o   Playing  o   Sleeping• These can be verbs or verbals  d...
Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Examples:  o   Our butler waxed the floors.  o   The waxed floors were slippery      and dange...
Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Examples:  o Water was flowing over the    rocks in the stream.  o Flowing water carries a gre...
Basic Information on Verbals• Verbals are verb forms (words  that look like verbs or could  be verbs in other sentences)  ...
Basic Information on Verbals• There are three different kinds  of verbals:  o   Infinitive  o   Participle  o   Gerund• Ea...
Infinitives• An infinitive is a verb form that  is proceeded by the word “to.”  o   To play  o   To sleep  o   To be seen ...
Infinitives• In some sentences (following  certain verbs), the “sign of the  infinitive” (the word “to) is  omitted.• This...
Infinitives• The verbs which call for an  omitted “to” are:  o   See  o   Hear  o   Feel  o   Help  o   Let  o   Make  o  ...
Infinitives• An infinitive has three  possible functions:  o   As a noun  o   As an adjective  o   As an adverb• Knowing w...
Infinitives• As a noun:  o   I hate to go. (direct object)  o   To steal is a crime. (subject)• As an adjective:  o   It’s...
Infinitives• Infinitives can also have  modifiers or complements.• This can be done because  there is a verb form in the  ...
Infinitives• Be careful not to create “split”  infinitives.• This is done when an adverb  is placed between the “to” and  ...
Participles• Verb forms that are used as  adjectives are called  participles.• They will have two forms:  o   Present (end...
Participles• Examples:  o   Smoking gun  o   Snoring spouse  o   Broken window  o   Elected official  o   Streaming video ...
Participles• Participles can appear in  several places in the  sentence, but they are most  commonly found describing /  m...
Participles• Most participle phrases will  have commas setting them  off. This is especially true  when they open a senten...
Gerunds• A gerund looks a lot like a  participle because it ends in “-  ing.”• However, the gerund is going  to be used as...
Gerunds• Examples:  o Chewing gum in class is not    allowed. (subject)  o I liked eating at the new    restaurant. (direc...
Practice:• You will be shown ten  sentences with a word or  phrase underlined.• Identify the word or phrases  as:  o   Inf...
Practice:– Sleeping soundly in his  bed, Ron was not going to be  disturbed by anyone in his  house.– I wanted to try out ...
Practice:4. The warm fuzzy kitten,meowing loudly in thehallway, was a nuisance.5. We tried shooting with theNBA’s new bask...
Practice:7. Charging wildly down thestreet, the bulls tried to crushthe citizens of Pamplona.8. Cheating on a final exam i...
Practice:10. On the sixth day of Xmas,my true love gave to me sixgeese a-laying, five gold rings,four calling birds, three...
SURPRISE, SURPRISE,SURPRISE!!• Now that you can identify  these verbals, you have the  great privilege of going on to  the...
DIAGRAMMING!!
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  1. 1. VerbalsGrammar Lesson 10English 10
  2. 2. Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Telling the difference between a verb and a verbal is not done by looking only at the word itself.• You have to see how the word is being used.• In both cases, the word looks like a verb, but if it’s used as something other than a verb… it’s a VERBAL
  3. 3. Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Examples: o Waxed o Flowing o Playing o Sleeping• These can be verbs or verbals depending upon how they are used in the sentence.
  4. 4. Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Examples: o Our butler waxed the floors. o The waxed floors were slippery and dangerous.• In the first sentence, the word is being used as a verb to tell what action is being done.• In the other one, the word still looks like a verb, but it is being used as an adjective
  5. 5. Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Examples: o Water was flowing over the rocks in the stream. o Flowing water carries a great deal of potential energy.• The same thing is true here as in the other example.• The second sentences shows the verb working as an adjective instead of a verb.
  6. 6. Basic Information on Verbals• Verbals are verb forms (words that look like verbs or could be verbs in other sentences) that are used as one of the following: o Noun o Adjective o Adverb• A verbal can never be the verb of the sentence.
  7. 7. Basic Information on Verbals• There are three different kinds of verbals: o Infinitive o Participle o Gerund• Each verbal has a specific purpose and use in a sentence.
  8. 8. Infinitives• An infinitive is a verb form that is proceeded by the word “to.” o To play o To sleep o To be seen o To steal o To have been stolen o To speak
  9. 9. Infinitives• In some sentences (following certain verbs), the “sign of the infinitive” (the word “to) is omitted.• This is done for clarity. o Help him (to) move the sofa. o Watch the fish (to) snap at the hook. o Can you feel the floor (to) move?
  10. 10. Infinitives• The verbs which call for an omitted “to” are: o See o Hear o Feel o Help o Let o Make o Watch
  11. 11. Infinitives• An infinitive has three possible functions: o As a noun o As an adjective o As an adverb• Knowing where an infinitive should go helps make the structure of the sentence more clear.
  12. 12. Infinitives• As a noun: o I hate to go. (direct object) o To steal is a crime. (subject)• As an adjective: o It’s time to go. (modify time) o There are jobs to be done (modify jobs)• As an adverb: o He always plays to win. (modify plays)
  13. 13. Infinitives• Infinitives can also have modifiers or complements.• This can be done because there is a verb form in the infinitive that (if being used as a verb in another sentence) could take a complement such as an indirect or direct object or a predicate complement.
  14. 14. Infinitives• Be careful not to create “split” infinitives.• This is done when an adverb is placed between the “to” and the verb form. o To boldly go…. o To strenuously object… o To always comply…• It is bad structure for this to be formed.
  15. 15. Participles• Verb forms that are used as adjectives are called participles.• They will have two forms: o Present (ending in “-ing”) o Past (ending in “-ed” or “-en”)• These contain action, but they are not used as verbs in the sentence.
  16. 16. Participles• Examples: o Smoking gun o Snoring spouse o Broken window o Elected official o Streaming video o Buzzing noise o Winning touchdown o Walking track
  17. 17. Participles• Participles can appear in several places in the sentence, but they are most commonly found describing / modifying the subject.• Participle phrases can also be made from single participles o Running along the path
  18. 18. Participles• Most participle phrases will have commas setting them off. This is especially true when they open a sentence and modify the subject. o Running at full speed, the back raced twenty yards for a score. o Crying loudly, the baby wanted some attention.
  19. 19. Gerunds• A gerund looks a lot like a participle because it ends in “- ing.”• However, the gerund is going to be used as a noun.• Gerunds will show up as subjects, direct or indirect objects or objects of prepositions.
  20. 20. Gerunds• Examples: o Chewing gum in class is not allowed. (subject) o I liked eating at the new restaurant. (direct object) o Without running very hard I won the race. o Abusing the warm fuzzy kitten is not allowed in this class. (subject)
  21. 21. Practice:• You will be shown ten sentences with a word or phrase underlined.• Identify the word or phrases as: o Infinitive o Participle o Gerund
  22. 22. Practice:– Sleeping soundly in his bed, Ron was not going to be disturbed by anyone in his house.– I wanted to try out for the lacrosse team this spring.– The rushing waters of the Colorado River were great for rafting.
  23. 23. Practice:4. The warm fuzzy kitten,meowing loudly in thehallway, was a nuisance.5. We tried shooting with theNBA’s new basketball andfound it to be challenging.6. To run a mile in less thanfour minutes is nearlyimpossible.
  24. 24. Practice:7. Charging wildly down thestreet, the bulls tried to crushthe citizens of Pamplona.8. Cheating on a final exam inEnglish is not an advisablesolution to not studying.9. To sleep, perchance todream.
  25. 25. Practice:10. On the sixth day of Xmas,my true love gave to me sixgeese a-laying, five gold rings,four calling birds, three Frenchhens, two turtle doves and apartridge in a pear tree.
  26. 26. SURPRISE, SURPRISE,SURPRISE!!• Now that you can identify these verbals, you have the great privilege of going on to the next great step in verbals……..
  27. 27. DIAGRAMMING!!

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