NORTHEAST SCHOOL OF
PRACTICE ENGLISH III
ENGINEER OSCAR GARCIA
GROUP PRACTICE #1
CHACON GUZMAN ERICKSON F.
PRESENT SIMPLE PASSIVE
Forming Simple Present Passive
Affirmative Form Object + am / is / are + verb3 (past participle)
Question Form Am / Is / Are + Object + verb3 (past participle) ?
Something is done by someone regularly / everyday / as expected...
Active : The gardener waters the flowers every evening.
Passive: The flowers are watered by the gardener every evening.
Active : Helen doesn't drink anything in parties.
Passive: Nothing is drunk by Helen in parties.
Active : Who sells umbrellas?
Passive: Who are umbrellas sold by?
Active : My mother doesn't paint the walls.
Passive: The walls aren't painted by my mother.
Active / Passive Verb Forms
Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You
must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.
In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the
action is the object. Most sentences are active.
[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]
In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing
the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think
that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the
passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing
[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]
Active / PassiveOverview
Simple Present Once a week, Tom cleans the house.
Once a week, the house is cleaned by
1.He opens the door. - The door is opened by him.(i)
2.We set the table. -The table is set by us.(i)
3.She pays a lot of money. - A lot of money is paid by her.
4.I draw a picture. - A picture is drawn by me.
5.They wear blue shoes. - Blue shoes are worn by them.
6.They don't help you. -You are not helped by them.(i)
7.He doesn't open the book. - The book is not opened by him.(i)
8.You do not write the letter. - The letter is not written by you.
9.Does your mum pick you up? - Are you picked up by your mum?(i)
10.Does the police officer catch the thief? - Is the thief caught by the
ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE: RULES PRACTICES IN 4 STEPS.
1. the passive voice is formed with the verb to be conjugate over the past participle of the main
verb. In English it is much more frequent in Spanish and normally appears when it is not
important who performs an action but the fact itself. For this reason, not whenever we see one
passive, we have to translate it literally, since in Spanish sounds more forced. It is only possible to
the use of the passive voice with transitive verbs (verbs which carry direct object).
tom writes a letter
Tom is writing a letter
Tom was writing a letter
Tom wrote a letter
Tom has written a letter
Tom had written a letter
Tom will write a letter
Tom is going to write a letter
Tom can write a letter
Tom could write a letter
Tom must write a letter
Tom may write a letter
Tom might write a letter
A letter is written by Tom
A letter is being written by Tom
A letter was being written by Tom
A letter was written by Tom
A letter has been written by Tom
A letter had been written by Tom
A letter will be written by Tom
A letter is going to be written by Tom
A letter can be written by Tom
A letter could be written by Tom
A letter must be written by Tom
A letter may be written...
A letter might be written...
The agent subject is expressed by. However, in the majority of cases is it dispenses with the
subject since it does not interest us to know who exactly runs the action. If an active prayer
has direct and indirect complement, either of the two snap-ins can be patient subject of the
passive: ACTIVE: Someone gives me a PASSIVE 1 dog: A dog is given to me PASSIVE 2: I am
given a dog (language passively) the passive way of doing, seeing, etc is being done, being
seen, etc. ACTIVE: I don't like people telling me what to do PASSIVE: I don't like being told
what to do on occasions that sometimes takes place something unplanned, planned or
incidental to the formation of the passive prefer to use get and not be: get hurt, get
annoyed, get divorced, get married, get invited, get bored, get lost 3. Impersonal
constructions (discussed, discussed, etc.) are very typical of the passive and hard-to-translate
to Spanish-speakers. This type of construction pasi...
ACTIVE: Someone gives me a PASSIVE 1 dog: A dog is given to me PASSIVE 2: I am given a dog
(language passively) the passive way of doing, seeing, etc is being done, being seen, etc. ACTIVE:
I don't like people telling me what to do
PASSIVE: I don't like being told what to do on occasions that sometimes takes place something
unplanned, planned or incidental to the formation of the passive prefer to use get and not be: get
hurt, get annoyed, get divorced, get married, get invited, get bored, get lost 3. Impersonal
constructions (discussed, discussed, etc.) are very typical of the passive and hard-to-translate to
Spanish-speakers. This type of passive construction - used more and more frequently in the media is formed with the subject structure + to be + participle: It is reported (reported); It is said (says); It
is known (known); It is supposed (presumably); It is considered (be considered); It is expected (is
expected). Here are some examples: AC...
ACTIVE: They believe Tom is wearing a white pullover. PASSIVE
1: Tom is believed to be wearing a white pullover. (It is believed
PASSIVE: It is believed that Tom is wearing a white pullover. (It is
4 additional applications of SUPPOSE to) used in affirmative
actions that were planned, is supposed to perform, or obligations
that one should comply. You were supposed to be here at 9:00
am! (b) at other times, the use of supposed indicates that these
plans or obligations finally were not met: The train was supposed
to arrive at 5 or ' clock. (but it arrived at 8 or ' clock) You were
supposed to go to the supermarket. (but you didn't go) c)
Conversely, negative, supposed means not convenience or
prohibition of doing something: You are not supposed to smoke
here. (you are not allowed to smoke here) You are not supposed
to copy our web files. (you must not copy our web files)
1. Thomas washes the dishes. --> The dishes( ) by Thomas.
2. Frank feeds the dogs. --> The dogs( ) by Frank.
3. Maria prepares the food. --> The food ( ) by Maria.
4. David cleans the kitchen. --> The kitchen( ) by David.
5. My father pays the bills. --> The bills( ) by my father.
6. The gardener trims the bushes. --> The bushes ( ) by the gardener.
7. Helen sets the table. --> The table( ) by Helen.
8. My mother waters the plants. --> The plants ( ) by my mother.
9. Arthur does the laundry. --> The laundry( ) by Arthur.
10. My uncle drives us to school. --> We to school( ) by my uncle.