Passive voice. present and past

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Passive voice. present and past

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADORFACULTAD DE FILOSOFÍA, LETRAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES David Cortez
  2. 2. VOICES ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE Object receives action •Subject receives the action. Object turns into the subject.Example: Cats eat fish Example: Fish are eaten by cats. (Subject - Verb – Object) (Subject - Verb – Object)
  3. 3. USE OF THE PASSIVE VOICEWe use the passive when:we want to make the object more importantwe do not know the active subject
  4. 4. Simple Present Simple PastI am I wasYou are You wereHe is He wasShe is She wasIt is It wasWe are We wereThey are They were
  5. 5. ACTIVE VOICE In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb
  6. 6. PASSIVE VOICE IN SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Form:(To be) Is/are + past participle
  7. 7. PASSIVE VOICE IN SIMPLE PAST TENSE Form:To be (was/were) + past participle
  8. 8. PASSIVE VOICE The passive voice is less usual. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb: Subject Verb Object Active Everybody drinks water Pasive water Is drunk By everybody
  9. 9. EXAMPLESUBJECT AUXILIARY MAIN VERB (PAST VERB (TO PARTICIPLE) BE)Water is drunk By everyone100 peolpe are Employed By this companyI am paid In euro
  10. 10. EXAMPLE SUBJECT VERB OBJECTGive President was killed by Leeimportance Kennedy Harveyto active Oswaldobject(PresidentKennedy)active My wallet Was stolen ?subjectunknown

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