Passive Voice


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clear, simple presentation of passive structures through functional examples and activities

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Passive Voice

  1. 1. Passive Voice be + past participle
  2. 2. Present Simple Passive am/is/are + past participle <ul><li>My car is serviced twice a year. </li></ul><ul><li>Rolls Royce cars are made in England. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Present Simple Passive am/is/are + past participle <ul><li>change - is/are chang ed </li></ul><ul><li>break - is/are/am broken </li></ul><ul><li>pay - is/am/are paid </li></ul><ul><li>ask - is/am/are ask ed </li></ul>
  4. 4. What happens to a car when it is taken for a service? <ul><li>The oil /change : The oil is changed </li></ul><ul><li>The brakes / test </li></ul><ul><li>The filters /replace </li></ul><ul><li>Air/ put/ in the tyres </li></ul><ul><li>The battery/ check </li></ul><ul><li>The lights /test </li></ul>
  5. 5. What happens to a car when it is taken for a service? <ul><li>Broken parts /repair </li></ul><ul><li>It/take/for a test drive </li></ul><ul><li>The radiator/fill/with water </li></ul><ul><li>What else is done? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Past Simple Passive was /were +past participle <ul><li>The first bicycle was designed by Leonardo da Vinci. </li></ul><ul><li>He was taken to hospital and operated on appendicitis. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Finish the sentences to make them true for you: <ul><li>The last present I was given— </li></ul><ul><li>When I was younger I was told- </li></ul><ul><li>When I was a child I was taught </li></ul><ul><li>Last week we were invited- - </li></ul>
  8. 8. Future Simple Passive will be + past participle <ul><li>Don’t worry! The broken parts will be repaired or replaced. </li></ul><ul><li>The message will be sent tomorrow. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What will be done in your office tomorrow? <ul><li>E.g. telephone calls A lot of telephone calls will be made. </li></ul><ul><li>Team meeting presentation </li></ul><ul><li>E-mails problems </li></ul><ul><li>Documents lunch </li></ul>
  10. 10. Present Continuous Passive am/is/are being + past participle <ul><li>My car is being serviced now. </li></ul><ul><li>They are being examined now. </li></ul><ul><li>The passive is being practiced now. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Read the orders and respond using Present Continuous Passive <ul><li>Move the table : It’ s being moved now </li></ul><ul><li>Turn on the lights </li></ul><ul><li>Check the numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Call the customers </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a report </li></ul>
  12. 12. Present Perfect Passive have /has been +past participle <ul><li>The letter has already been sent. </li></ul><ul><li>This question has just been discussed </li></ul><ul><li>The survey has been conducted. </li></ul><ul><li>Five new employees have been hired recently. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Helen and Chris moved house two years ago. Yesterday they drove past their old house. It looked very different. <ul><li>Describe changes: </li></ul><ul><li>The outside walls/paint : The outside walls have been painted. </li></ul><ul><li>New windows/put in </li></ul><ul><li>The trees/cut down </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of flowers/plant </li></ul><ul><li>The old gate/replace </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Passive is used: <ul><li>When the action itself is more important than the person who carries it out (news headlines, newspaper articles, instructions, advertisements) </li></ul><ul><li>Two teenagers were seriously injured in a car accident yesterday. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Passive is used: <ul><li>When the person who carries out the action is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context. </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Archer’s ruby ring was stolen </li></ul><ul><li>from her house last night. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Passive is used: <ul><li>When we want to make statements more polite. </li></ul><ul><li>My new blouse is ruined. (more polite than saying “You’ve ruined my blouse”) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Other passive forms: <ul><li>Passive Infinitive : to be + past participle </li></ul><ul><li>My car needs to be serviced soon. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive - ing form: being +past participle </li></ul><ul><li>I insist on my car being serviced today. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive modals: modal +be +pp </li></ul><ul><li>My car must be serviced before the trip. </li></ul>