• Title of the Study
• Objectives of the Study
• Limitations of the study
• Methodology of the Study
• Scope of the Study
• Theoretical Frame of the Study
• Company Profile
• About ADD Gel Pens
• Data Analysis and Interpretation
• Conclusions & Suggestions
Title of the study
Objectives of the study
Limitations of the Study
Methodology of the study
Scope of the Study
TITLE OF THE STUDY
“PURCHASE BEHAVIOR OF CONSUMERS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE
TO ADD GEL BRNADS”
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
To know the consumers attitudes and behavior with special
reference to ADD Gel pens.
To know the relative position of ADD Gel pens in the market
with refers to competitive brands.
To know the market share of ADD Gel Pen in the Hindupur
To know the buying patterns of consumers and there by to take
remedial action if needed to boost the sales of ADD Gel pens.
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This study is done by interviewing limited number of customers; therefore it may
not reflect the authentic information.
The sample size is 100 customers, thus it may not give true results.
The information collected is restricted to the consumer of Hindupur region only, so
we cannot generalize to other regions.
The data and information of the studies collected both from primary as
well as secondary sources.
The primary sources constitute collecting data from different consumers
in the Hindupur region through the structured questionnaire which have both open
ended and closed ended questions.
Secondary source constitute the information which has been collected
from distribution itself
The information collected subsequently analyzed to elicit and to draw inferences
about the consumer behavior and trend
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study gives immense opportunities to understand consumer trends
inferences towards pens.
Through this study we can know consumer preferences and there by
making appropriate modifications to meet consumer needs and wants.
Through this study we can know consumer attitudes towards ADD Gel
Marketing is a social and managerial process by which individuals and
groups obtain what they need want through creating, offering and exchanging
products of value with others.
This definition of marketing rests on the following on the following core concepts:
needs, wants and demand products, value, cost and satisfaction, exchange, and
The views of the modern authorities on marketing.
Marketing starts where production leaves off.
Marketing is the set of human activities.
Marketing the business does is marketing.
Everything the business does in marketing
Marketing is the response to the consumer demands
Marketing is the chain of process backing by creative thing
Marketing is the response to the consumer demands
Every business venture form its inception has a particular combination of financial,
marketing and human skills and capabilities that circumscribe the marketing the
company can serve company is qualified to offer. The second factor is the market
opportunity to serve specific market needs and wants determines the business
purpose. Financial and management capability affect how quickly the market
opportunity can be developed.
From the thinking and writing of management authorities as emerged
the concept that a business, exists to create and serving the customers. Many
companies are engaged only in the marketing of consumer goods or only industrial
good and some other market of both types. The marketing function is social point
for achieving this business department in creating and serving the customers.
Consumer market is concerned with providing products and services for
individual consumers. Industrial marketing is concerned with providing products
and services to industrial and commercial establishments. But many so called
consumer goods are sold for use by companies or institutions.
Finally every firm occupies a certain position, with its established line
of products, which provides the cash flow for company expansions. The
opportunity for sales and profit improvement to an extent depends on the stage of
products life cycle and intensity of its competition. Maximizing sales and profits
for establishment’s products demand much of marketing management attention.
In all marketing decision making consumer needs should serve the focal point. It is
both relevant and important for any business to know its customers and understand
his/her buying behavior. It also important to understand how buying decisions are
Consumer behavior has been defined as “the process where by
individuals decide whether, what, when, where, how and from whom to purchase
goods and services”.
The role of the government and staidly emerging consumer movement
necessitates that marketers must understand consumer behavior their needs,
aspirations expectations and problems. It will be extremely useful in exploiting
marketing opportunities an in meeting the challenge of the market.
CONSUMER BUYING PROCESS
The consumer is decision-maker and comes to the market lace to solve
his consumption problems to achieve the satisfaction of is needs. Broadly the
consumer buying process has three stages, input, process, and output. Input is
stimulus it is provided by two sets stimulus variables, namely, the firm’s marketing
efforts and social environment. The firms marketing efforts and social
environment. The firms marketing efforts and designed to positively expose inform
and influence consumers.
These efforts include product service itself, work and in fact all
marketing functions. The social environment serves as a non-commercial source of
consumer information and influence which is not under the direct control of firm.
It concludes reference groups and individuals, family members, social class and
castes, cultures and the like. Both these stimulus variables influence consumer and
the buying process.
STAGES OF BUYING BEHAVIOR
The buying process is composed of a number of stages and its
influenced by an individual’s psychological, frame work composed of the
individual’s personality, motivations, perceptions and attitudes.
The various stages in the buying process are:
1. NEED RECOGNITION:
It means the awareness of a want, a disdain of consumption problem
with out whose satisfaction the consumer normally builds up tension.
2. PRODUCT EVALUATION:
The consumer is exposed to the existence of product that may satisfy a
need. This awareness may be on account of the search carried by consumer
himself/herself or because of a firm’s communications through advertising or
salesmanship of through a social environment.
It is state of mind that exists when a consumer perceives and is aware of
alternative products capable of satisfying that need. Consumer interest is indicated
in the consumer’s willingness to seek further information about a product.
4. DETERMINANTS OF CONSUMER BEHAVIOR:
The social environment provides stimulus to buyer behavior and
psychological frame intervenes in input processing. The intervening variables in
the consumers decision making process has been divided by Hoeard sheth in
endogenous and endogenous variables. According to endogenous variables
includes motivation, perception and learning where as exogenous variables include
personality, social class, culture, organization and financial status of an individual.
ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS: The personal income. Income is the
return of one’s endeavors. It gives buying power to consumers which help them
strike and exchange. From marketing stand point it is not the grass income but the
disposal and discretionary income that are important.
FAMILY INCOMES: The joint family system is an important characteristic of
the India society. In such families, it is not the income of an individual member
but it is the income of the whole family that matters. The buying behavior of the
family members is ultimately determined by the relationship between the family
size/requirements and the family income.
LEARNING: The stimulus response learning theory stages the there develops a
bond between behavior producing stimulus and behavior response. It terms of
consumer behavior and advertisement would be stimulus and purchase would be
STIMULUS: Stimulus is object in the environment perceived by the individual.
The aim of marketing man is to find out those conditions under which stimulus or
elicits response appropriate to his objective.
REINFORCEMENT: Reinforcement or rewards means reduction in drive and
stimulus. It has been defined as environment events exhibiting the property of
occurrence of response they accompany. Thus when consumption of a product or a
brand of products leads to satisfaction of the initiating need there is reinforcement.
A consumer associates a drive and stimulus with one another. Which
elicits a response and develop learning which when reinforced becomes a habit.
MOTIVATION: although a consumer may learn by providing him the resisite
situations. The appropriate drive or need is a prerequisite. Unless a consumer has a
need, he cannot be made to want any thing. There fore it is important for every
marketer to understand the nature of these needs and their inter relationship,
so appropriate stimuli may be provided to motivate persons to learn to buy
products/services as desired.
SOCIOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS: Some prominent groups which influence
and condition consumer behavior are family opinion leader and culture.
FAMILY: Family is a primary group the tastes, like dislikes and life styles of
persons are rooted in the family buying behavior. Family may be of two types
broadly. First, on the individual personality, attitudes and evaluating criterion and
second its influence in the division marketing process involved in the purchase of
goods or services. Different members in the family may be assigned or and
specific buying files. The marketing persons should identify these members and
their respective habits.
OPINION LEADERS: Often a person makes reference to an individual and not a
group in order to formulate his/her pattern. This individual whose reference is
considered called helps the marketer to understand the consumer behavior.
CULTURE: Culture consists of acquired or cultivated behavior and thoughts of
individuals with in a society as well as the intellectual, artistic and social ideas and
institutions. Which the members of society process and to which they strive. The
influence of culture on consumer behavior is more enduring an account of the
smacker it builds up.
ADD PENS LTD. Was established in 1990 as a small company with a
clear vision to make better quality & modern technology pens. After successfully
manufactured large quantities of economically priced pens. The company pioneered
the manufacture of Gel ink pens and introduced better quality of refillable roller pens
The company is well established manufacturer of high quality pens and one of India’s
fastest growing writing instruments manufacturing company with significant
contribution to quality innovation & introduction of latest technology pens.
Today, the company is the leader and largest producer of Gel ink Pens &
refillable Roller pens in India. The secret of success of these Hi-technology pens is
the use of world class components and technology from the well established
manufacturers from Japan & Korea.
The company market its high products under ADD brand which is now
well accepted and acknowledged by the quality conscious consumer as a cut above the
rest for the latest and the best possible quality pens. We invite you to join this
satisfied group of customers.
ADD Pens Ltd. Is one of the fastest growing writing instruments
manufacturers in India. Established just 10 years ago on a very small scale, it has
now became one of the most respected player in its field.
After producing economy and quality ball pens in large quantity for 5 years
the company decided to go for the high technology Roller and Gel Pens. After
studying the world market it was found that the Roller pens and the gel pens are the
most popular and successful pens the world over.
DATA ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION
The primary data obtained from various consumers with the help of
questionnaire has been analyzed on the following aspects.
1. Awareness of different brands.
2. Consumer’s preference in various brands.
3. Consumer’s preferences towards Gel Pens.
4. Consumer’s preference towards various ADD Gel Pens.
5. Media from which they came to know.
6. Number of consumer’s shifted to other brands.
7. Reasons for shifting to other brands.
8. Factors considered while selecting the brand.
9. Mode of purchase.
A random sample of 100 consumers has been taken from Hindupur for
deciding the consumer’s awareness about ADD GEL PENS.
From the survey it is found that consumers are well aware of the ADD Gel,
Reynolds and Montex brands. The study revealed that ADD Gel brand occupies first
BRAND AWARENESS AMONG CONSUMER
Sl. No Brand Name %
1 ADD Gel 100
2 Reynolds 80
3 Montex 60
4 Rotomac 40
5 Today’s 40
6 Others 10
1 ADD Gel 2 Reynolds 3 Montex
4 Rotomac 5 Today’s 6 Others
As for the information obtained from the different categories out of
100 respondents ADD Gel and Reynolds is recall most.
BRAND PREFERENCE IN CONSUMERS
SL. NO BRAND NAME %
1 ADD Gel 65
2 Today’s 6
3 Reynolds 11
4 Montex 10
5 Linc 4
6 Others 4
20 11 10
6 4 4
1 ADD Gel 2 Today’s 3 Reynolds
4 Montex 5 Linc 6 Others
From the above analysis ADD Del brand of pens takes first place
having 65% of people recalled and remaining prefer the other brands.
CONSUMER PREFERENCE TOWARDS GEL PENS
SL.NO Result %
1 YES 86
2 No 14
1 YES 2 No
Though the above analyses we can come to know that just few
about 14% of people are not using Gel pens and the remaining 86% are
using Gel pens.
FACTORS CONSIDERED WHILE SELECTING THE BRAND
SL.NO Reasons %
1 Smooth Writing 85
2 Availability 10
3 Appearance 22
4 Fine Grip 65
5 Price 35
1 Smooth Writing 2 Availability 3 Appearance
4 Fine Grip 5 Price
From the above analysis most of the respondents give major
consideration for smooth writing and fine grip.
SOURCE OF PURCHASE
SL.NO Source %
1 Stationary shop 15
2 Near by Shop 5
3 Any Shop 70
4 One Particular shop 10
1 Stationary shop 2 Near by Shop
3 Any Shop 4 One Particular shop
When we apprehended the questionnaire, came to the conclusion
that people now tend to purchase pens of their choice in any shop at
majority. And the next turn to others.
SUGGESTIONS GIVEN BY THE CONSUMERS
SL.NO Aspects %
1 Lack of Advertisement 35
2 Consistency of Ink 50
3 Price 10
4 Others 5
From the above analysis the majority of the respondents are shifted
to other brands due to the price. And a few for the other reasons
appearance and quality.
CONCLUSIONS & SUGGESTIONS
It is very clear the, out of 100 people all the 100 are aware of
ADD Gel pens. This shows the brand awareness among the
65% of people prefer to use ADD Gel brand pens.
It is very clear that almost 70% of the people prefer to
purchase pens in any shop
Due to the lack of advertisement and other factors the
consumers are jumping to the other brands.
More no of customers purchase add pens due to the smooth
writing and other factors.
Most of the consumers suggested improving style and introduce
New brands of pens in to the market to satisfy diversified consumer
Some of the consumers even suggested decreasing price of the pens
As well as refills on par with other competitive brands.
The company should give more advertisements In television
Media in order to have more access to consumers
Even company should provide extra grip for pens for comfortable
Writing with all brands of ADD GEL pens.