Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali

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Presented by Jeroen Groot (Wageningen University) at the Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting, Bamako, Mali, 3-4 February 2014

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Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali

  1. 1. Farming systems analysis—Ghana and Mali Jeroen Groot (Wageningen University) Africa RISING West Africa Review and Planning Meeting, Bamako, Mali, 3-4 February 2014
  2. 2. Introduction  Entry points for sustainable intensification: • Farm components: crop and animal yield gaps • Farm yield gaps: configurations of components and inputs • Interactions with social-ecological and economic environment: networks, markets, resources  Integrated farming systems analysis needed: • Context-specific • On-farm testing • Embedded in communities
  3. 3. Introduction  Relations with farmer- and community-oriented, on-farm and on-station research: • Basket of technologies: local research on crops, animals, etc. • Quantification of input-output relations • Engage in an inform stakeholder / community discussions
  4. 4. Methodology Structural typology Survey Extrapolation Potential impact Functional typology Rapid characteriz. Systems (re)design Farm innovations Farm diagnoses Detailed description Exploration innovations Tradeoff analysis
  5. 5. Where?  Ghana • Northern, Upper West and Upper East  Mali • Bougouni and Koutiala with ICRISAT  Malawi • Dedza and Ntcheu with MSU  Tanzania • Babati and Kongwa & Kiketo
  6. 6. Mali typology  Villages in Koutiala and Bougouni districts  Three different groupings in total  Farmer types grouped on basis of: • Livestock numbers: tropical livestock units, TLU • (Active) farm family members • Farm area, and fallow area for Bougouni
  7. 7. Mali typology (example Koutiala) Type 1: Large, high TLU yes TLU >21 Type 2: Large, avg. TLU yes no Actives >9 no Land >5.8 Tools >2 TLU >2.2 yes Type 3: Medium sized no Type 4: Small sized farms Falconnier 2013
  8. 8. Ghana typology  3 regions (North, Upper West, Upper East)  25 intervention communities  80 HHs surveyed per region, grouping per region  Farmer types grouped on the basis of: • Resource endowment (land, livestock, assets) • Production orientation (subsistence, consumption, market) • Source of income (on-farm vs. off-farm)
  9. 9. Ghana typology Wealth indicators Resource endowment Production orientation Source of income Type 1 LRE Arable land Livestock HH size Assets MRE HRE Subsistence On-farm only Type 2 Consumption > market On-farm > off-farm Consumption = market On-farm = off-farm Type 4 Consumption < market On-farm < off-farm Type 5 Type 3
  10. 10. Mali Ghana Farm area Koutiala Boug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East Koutiala Boug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East Livestock (TLU) Persons/area Koutiala Boug 1 Boug 2 North Upper West Upper East
  11. 11. Income sources Ghana
  12. 12. Food insecurity Ghana
  13. 13. Example farm in model (Ghana)
  14. 14. Exploration of system alternatives Green = reconfiguration of the original farm components Orange = after adding Maize + Soybean and Maize + Cowpea
  15. 15. Entry points at system level
  16. 16. Entry points at system level
  17. 17. Sustainable development Source: www.thenaturalstep.org
  18. 18. Discussion  Continue and underpin the evaluation of entry points  Compare findings between countries, incl. Tanzania and Malawi  Strengthen relations with farmer- and community-oriented, on-farm and station research  Plans for continuation of systems analysis with two PhD students
  19. 19. Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation Thank you for your attention africa-rising.net jeroen.groot@wur.nl The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI.
  20. 20. Sustainable development Source: www.thenaturalstep.org
  21. 21. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Series 3 Series 2 Series 1 Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4
  22. 22. Acknowledge partners here: project partners WA
  23. 23. Acknowledge partners here: Project partners ESA
  24. 24. Acknowledge partners here: Project partners Ethiopia
  25. 25. Thank You Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation africa-rising.net The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI.

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