Pronouns, adverbs, and simple past tense (structure 1)
By Ade Sudirman, S.Pd
Mathla’ul Anwar University
AND SIMPLE PAST
1. Noun : book
2. Pronoun : I
3. Adjective : smart
4. Verb : study
5. Adverb : morning
6. Preposition : at
7. Conjunction : and
8. Interjection : bravo!
PARTS OF SPEECH
Subject Object Possessive
To modify a verb, an adjective, adverb,
preposition, and conjunction.
He works hard.
He is very rich.
She worked too hard.
They arrived long before the time.
We left there shortly before the rain fell.
THE KINDS OF ADVERB
We study English everyday.
We study English at
We study English hard
at campus everyday.
We always study English
hard at campus
He spoke well at the
debate this morning He went to the
station by taxi.
The use : Retelling
Verbs usage : verb-2 (+), Verb-1 (-,?)
Time Signals : yesterday, … ago, last….
Auxiliary verb : Did, To Be 2
The formula : S + Verb-2+ Object (Complement)
The teacher taught us English yesterday.
The teacher did not teach us Indonesian yesterday.
Did the teacher teach us English yesterday?
When did the teacher teach us English?
The students were busy two days ago.
The student was not busy a day ago.
Were you happy last night?
Why were you happy last night?
3. SIMPLE PAST
Use the adverbials in their correct place!
1. She went (to school, at 10 o’clock).
2. She drinks coffee (every morning, at home).
3. The train arrived (this morning, late).
4. Let’s go (tonight, to the movie).
5. He played (at the Town Hall, last night, beautifully, in the
Change the following sentences into negative and
1. We sang a song a day ago.
2. We were at your home last Sunday.