Second Language Acquisition in MALDIVES By: Sujjey, Suja, Fai, Hucen, Saadhu & Shimu
How many languages do you know/speak? 50 50% 45 44% 40 35 Percentage 30 25 20 15 10 6% 5 0 One Two Three +Total: 54 Participants No of Languages
Is English in the Maldives a foreign / second Language?• Second Language• Serves a communicative purpose• Not just taught and spoken in schools• Used for business purposes• Officially regarded as the second language
Do Maldivians acquire English naturally? To what extent?• Majority of children LEARN English through instruction.• Some children acquire naturally. Especially in the capital.• Parents play a vital role.• Maldivian couple staying abroad.• Early exposure.
How do Maldivians normally acquire English and what are the consequences of ‘acquiring’ as opposed to ‘learning’?• Normally learned at school through formal instruction.• Guided learning.• Learning takes place consciously.
Consequences of ‘learning’ English• Knowledge is explicit.• Formal teaching helps (Krashen, 2006).• Less likely to achieve perfect L2 mastery• More concerned with fluency than accuracy• Fossilisation (Ellis, 2004).• Focuses on a particular aspect of the target language system.• Allows teachers to control the learning process (Lightbown & Spada, 2006).
What kind of English is taught in Maldivian Schools?
References• Ellis, R. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.• Lightbown, P.M. & Spada, N. (2006). How languages are learned (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.• Krashen, S. (2005). Theory of second language acquisition. Retrieved on 1 February 2012 from http://www.sk.com.br/sk-krash.html