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Wang Pioneer Valley Immersion

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Wang Pioneer Valley Immersion

  1. 1. Immersion Presenter: Kathleen Wang 先锋中英双语学校 Pioneer Valley Chinese Immersion Charter School [email_address] , www.pvcics.org , 413-582-7040
  2. 2. Thank you <ul><li>Dr. Mimi Met’s article on CAL, “Foreign Language Immersion Programs” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cal.org/resources/Digest/met00001.html </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Is a Foreign Language Immersion Program? <ul><li>A method of foreign language instruction in which the regular school curriculum is taught through the medium of the language. </li></ul><ul><li>The foreign language is the vehicle for content instruction; it is not the subject of instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Various models of immersion: total, partial, one-way, two-way </li></ul><ul><li>Most start in K or 1 st grades </li></ul><ul><li>We are all products of immersion! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Goals of an Immersion Program <ul><li>1) developing a high level of proficiency in the foreign language; </li></ul><ul><li>2) developing positive attitudes toward the foreign language and culture; </li></ul><ul><li>3) developing English language skills commensurate with expectations for student's age and abilities; </li></ul><ul><li>4) gaining skills and knowledge in the content areas of the curriculum </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effect on Verbal and Math Skills in English <ul><li>Studies have consistently shown that immersion students do as well as, and may even surpass, comparable non-immersion students on measures of verbal and mathematics skills. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Keys to Successful Immersion Programs <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>administrative support; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>community and parental support; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>qualified teachers; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>appropriate materials in the foreign language; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>time for teachers to prepare instructional materials in the language; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ongoing staff development. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Advantages and Disadvantages of Total Immersion <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Most effective way of developing foreign language proficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>The intensity of the immersion experience  students have the necessary language skills to deal with the curriculum in upper elementary grades. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Not all parents or school personnel buy into the concept that students can learn just as much in a foreign language as in their own. </li></ul><ul><li>It depends: </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing – It doesn’t cost more to hire someone who speaks the target language vs. English. Total immersion may require a teacher for each immersion class. </li></ul>
  8. 8. English Language Arts: when introduced and how much? <ul><li>Different schools phase English in at different grade levels. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some do it from the start, some defer English to Grade 2+ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50-50 balance of languages in the upper elementary grades. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More of foreign language  increased proficiency </li></ul><ul><li>More English  insignificant differences in English language achievement whether the amount of instruction given in English constitutes 50% or 20% of the day; </li></ul>
  9. 9. Advantages and Disadvantages of Partial Immersion <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer immersion teachers; one teacher can serve two immersion classes for one half day each. </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe more viable alternative for parents or others who feel uncomfortable with total immersion. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Not nearly as effective as total immersion for developing foreign language proficiency . Thus, students may have difficulty with curriculum characterized by verbal abstractions. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not produce better English language achievement than total immersion. However, the initial lag in English achievement associated with total immersion does not occur in partial immersion </li></ul>
  10. 10. Immersion and other FL programs <ul><li>Complementary </li></ul><ul><li>Continuation path : specially designed courses similar to the language arts courses students receive in English. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive effect on non-immersion students: increased motivation seeing others develop proficiency. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pioneer Valley Chinese Immersion Charter School <ul><li>Public charter school </li></ul><ul><ul><li>regional school, 39 predominantly rural towns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>one-way immersion model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lottery entrance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entry in K-1, 6 th grade partial immersion </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum aligned with MA standards </li></ul><ul><li>Extended day </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit language+content-based+experiential learning </li></ul>

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