Wiley's 2013 Open Access Author Survey

Open Access Author Survey
2013
www.wileyopenaccess.com
2
Survey Overview
Wiley’s 2013 open access survey was deployed in May 2013 to 107,000
corresponding authors of Wiley journal articles.
The survey received 8,465 responses, a response rate of 7.9%
For the purposes of this survey, an open access article was defined as:
 One that is free for all to read, download and share online.
 One whose author, institution, or funding body pays an Article Publication
Charge (APC) to ensure that the article is made open access.
3
Key Topics & Takeaways
Author preferences Open access (OA) authorship is expanding globally
in all Wiley markets
Funding More funding is available for publishing OA
Self-archiving Early career researchers understand the value of
repositories but still seek to publish in journals with
high Impact Factors
Author rights & article licenses Authors prefer CC-BY-NC, CC-BY but still have
concerns about protecting their work
Generation gap Many differences between early career researchers
(those aged 26-44 and with 5-14 years experience)
and more established professionals (aged 45 or
above with 15+ years experience)
4
Response Rates by Region
AMERICAS
36%
EMEA 45%
APAC
19%
Regionally, 45% of respondents were from Europe, the
Middle East and Africa (EMEA), 36% were from the Americas,
and 19% from the Asia-Pacific region (APAC)
5
Corporation – 2%
Self-Employed/
Independent – 2%
Consultant – 1%
NGO – 1%
University or
College
Hospital/Clinic
Research Institute
Medical School
Government Agency
Response Rates by Institution Type
Nearly two-thirds of all respondents
work at universities or colleges, located
primarily in the United States (29%), the
United Kingdom (11%), Australia
(5%), Canada (5%), and Germany (5%).
A significant number of respondents
also came from research institutes and
hospital or clinic settings.
4%
5%
10%
11%
64%
6
Response Rates by Age & Experience
1%75+
65-74
55-64
45-54
35-44
26-34
25 and under
32%
18%
3%
2%
33%
11%
5%
16%
34%
45%
5-14 years
Less than
5 years
Student
15+ years
The majority of respondents are early career professionals: nearly two-thirds of respondents
are under the age of 45, and the majority (45%) have 5-14 years of experience in their respective
disciplines.
Age Experience
7
Response Rates by Subject
22%
8%
7%
15%
7%
Medicine Life
Sciences
Social
Science
Chemistry Engineering
& Materials
Science
Top 5 Disciplines by
Response Rate
The largest proportion of respondents
are working in Medicine and the Life
Sciences.
Chemistry, Engineering & Materials
Science and Social Science had the next
largest response rates compared with
the rest of the pool.
8
Increase in OA Authors
The number of Wiley authors who have published at least one open
access article almost doubled since last year.
2012 2013
32%
68%
41%
59%
Has
Published
OA
Has Not
Published
OA
Within the past 3 years, how many peer-reviewed articles have you published via each of the following types of journals?
Subscription journal; Fully open access journal (with APC); Hybrid open access journal (with APC); Open access journal (no APC)
9
Author Publication Habits
(Gold, Green and Subscription)
More than one third of Wiley authors have published at least one article in
fully OA journals, and 30% have published in a hybrid journal.
Of those surveyed, 29% have written an article for an OA journal and not
paid an article publication charge (APC).
Publishing Rates by
Journal Type
33%
30%
29%
Fully open access
journal (w/APC)
Hybrid open access
journal (w/APC)*
Open access
journal (no APC)
*Hybrid OA (w/APC):
Journals featuring a mix
of subscription and open
access articles
Within the past 3 years, how many peer-reviewed articles have you published via each of the following types of journals?
Subscription journal; Fully open access journal (with APC); Hybrid open access journal (with APC); Open access journal (no APC)
10
Open Access Publishing Rates
10
Top 5 factors authors who have
published OA consider when
selecting where to publish
1. Journal is well-regarded by
my peers
2. Journal has a high impact
factor
3. The finished product is high
quality
4. Journal has a rigorous peer
review process
5. Journal has a well respected
editorial board
Nearly 60% of authors have published
open access (OA)
41%59%
Have Published
OA
Have Not
Published OA
(L) Consider the following factors of an open access journal. On the bars below, indicate how influential these factors would be in your decision to publish in
that journal (10 = highly influential, 1= not a factor in your decision making). It is well-regarded by my peers; It has a high impact factor; The finished product is high
quality; It is a rigorous peer review process; It has a well respected editorial; board; Speed to publication is under one month; It provides robust article-level metrics; My
intellectual property is protected under specific licenses; Guidance and assistance is offered on how to find funding for article publication charges; Other
(R) What are some of the reasons keeping you from publishing in an open access journal? (Select all that apply.) I am not willing to pay to publish my work; I am
concerned about perceptions of the quality of OA publications; Lack of funding for APCs; OA journals in my field are not high profile; The quality of OA journals is inferior to
subscription journals; I believe that self-archive after an embargo period is sufficient; There are no open OA in my field; Publication is not fast enough with OA journals; Other
Top 5 concerns preventing
authors from publishing OA
1. I am not willing to pay to publish
my work
2. I am concerned about
perceptions of the quality of OA
publications
3. Lack of funding for article
publication charges (APCs)
4. OA journals in my field are not
high profile
5. The quality of OA journals is
inferior to subscription journals
11
Archiving Habits
Placement of published articles in public or institutional repositories is not yet
the norm among authors.
Fewer than half of all respondents report that
they have deposited or self-archived an article in
either public or institution-hosted repositories or
on their personal webpages.Have Not
Archived
Have Archived
43%
57%
Among the group of authors who have archived
their articles, 60% do so for personal or ethical
reasons.
*For this question, respondents were given the choice to select
more than one answer
Have you ever deposited published article(s) into a public or institutional repository or posted them to your personal
website? Yes; No
12
Among the subset of authors who have deposited articles, the majority
(57%) are using university or institute-sponsored repositories, while
roughly one third (34%) are archiving in public repositories like
PubMedCentral or arXiv.
Where and Why Authors Archive
Institutional Repository
(university or institute-
sponsored)
Other
Public Repository
(PubMed Central, arXiv, etc.)
Personal Webpage
57%
31%
23%
6%
Where Authors Archive
Why Authors Archive
Personal/Ethical
Responsibility
Institutional
Requirement
Funder
Requirement
Other
60%
37%
11%
18%
(L) Where have you deposited your article(s)? (Select all that apply.)
(R) Think about the most recent time you archived an article. Why did you archive? (Select all that apply.)
13
Archiving Motivations: Comparing Early Career
Researchers and Established Professionals
Established Professionals
(aged 45+, 15+ years of experience)
Personal/Ethical
Responsibility
Funder
Requirement
Other
Institutional
Requirement
62%
Early Career Researchers
(aged 26-44, 5-14 years of experience)
57%
37%
36%
20%
17%
11%
13%
Younger researchers are more likely to cite personal or
ethical reasons for archiving their articles than their
more established colleagues.
This group is also more likely to post their articles to
personal webpages than their older counterparts (48%
compared to 40%).
Think about the most recent time you archived an article. Why did you archive? (Select all that apply.)
14
Funded Open Access Authors
 More than half of Wiley authors responding to the 2013 survey
reported receiving research funding which covered APCs, to
publish open access
 24% receive full funding
 29% receive partial funding
 The majority of funded authors are between the ages of 26-44
(69%) and from universities, colleges or research institutes
(83%)
Full
24%
None
47%
Partial
29%
2013 Author OA Funding
Over half of authors receive funding to publish open access,
a 43% increase since last year
When you receive research funding, is money provided for publishing in Open Access journals?
Full Funding; Partial Funding; No Funding
15
Funded Open Access Authors
Authors who are currently funded value journals
that:
1. Are well-regarded by their peers
2. Have high impact factors
3. Have high-quality finished products
4. Have rigorous peer review processes
5. Have well respected editorial boards
Preferred licenses for this
group include CC-BY-NC (81%)
and CC-BY (71%), which is in
line with the full pool.
CC-BY-NC
81% CC-BY
71%
CC-BY-SA
19%
CC-BY-NC-SA
24%
Least preferred
licenses
Most preferred
licenses
(L) Consider the following factors of an open access journal. On the bars below, indicate how influential these factors would be in
your decision to publish in that journal (10 = highly influential, 1= not a factor in your decision making).
• Answer choices for the above question available on Slide 21, “Question & Answer Choices”
(R) By order of importance, please drag and drop the Creative Commons licenses listed below according to your preference:
CC-BY; CC-BY-NC; CC-BY-ND; CC-BY-SA; CC-BY-NC-SA; CC-BY-NC-ND; I prefer not to use Creative Commons licenses
27%
30%
My Institution/Funder
Paid: 29%
22%
17%
I paid: 19%
28%
30%
No fee: 31%
8%
8%
4%
4%
Split w/ institution:
4%
2%
1%
Split w/ funder:
1%
9%
9%
Other:
9%
All
Early Career
Professionals
Established
Professionals
Split w/ fellow
authors:
7%
16
How Authors are Funded for OA Publishing
For the most recent article that you published open access, how was the APC payment covered?
My funder/institution paid; I paid out of my own funds; I split the cost with my fellow authors; I split the cost with my
institution; I split the cost with my funder; There was no fee; Other
17
License Preferences
 Early career professionals: 6% more likely to publish under a CC license than more mature
researchers.
 Above the age of 55: over half preferred not to use Creative Commons licenses of any kind.
 Students: 8% more likely to favor CC-BY-NC-SA and 6% more likely to favor CC-BY-SA
Respondents demonstrated an overwhelming preference for the CC-BY-NC and CC-BY
licenses although degrees of preference varied by age and experience.
Respondents most comfortable granting commercial
use of their work were in the fields of:
 Finance & Business
Physics
Respondents less willing to grant commercial use are
those in:

Computing
Engineering
Agriculture & Food Science
By order of importance, please drag and drop the Creative Commons licenses listed below according to your preference:
CC-BY; CC-BY-NC; CC-BY-ND; CC-BY-SA; CC-BY-NC-SA; CC-BY-NC-ND; I prefer not to use Creative Commons licenses
18
Creative
Commons
Attribution
[CC-BY]
Creative Commons
Attribution-
Noncommercial
[CC-BY-NC]
Creative
Commons
Attribution-
No Derivative
Works
[CC-BY-ND]
Creative
Commons
Attribution
ShareAlike
[CC-BY-SA]
Creative Commons
Attribution-
Noncommercial
ShareAlike
[CC-BY-NC-SA]
Creative Commons
Attribution-
Noncommercial, No
Derivative Works
[CC-BY-NC-ND]
I prefer not
to use
Creative
Commons
licenses
All 70% 81% 41% 19% 22% 24% 43%
26-44;
4-15 yrs
71% 80% 39% 21% 23% 24% 41%
45+;
15+ yrs
69% 82% 42% 15% 21% 24% 47%
License Preferences: Comparing Early Career
Researchers and Established Professionals
Top ranked licenses:
1. CC-BY-NC (81%)
2. CC-BY (70%)
Traditional © preferred by
older, more established
respondents
Preference for CC-BY-SA
decreases as respondent
age increases
By order of importance, please drag and drop the Creative Commons licenses listed below according to your preference:
CC-BY; CC-BY-NC; CC-BY-ND; CC-BY-SA; CC-BY-NC-SA; CC-BY-NC-ND; I prefer not to use Creative Commons licenses
1 of 18

More Related Content

What's hot(20)

Warren-Jones "Using text-mining and summarisation technology to manage the gr...Warren-Jones "Using text-mining and summarisation technology to manage the gr...
Warren-Jones "Using text-mining and summarisation technology to manage the gr...
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)502 views
Supporting the ref5Supporting the ref5
Supporting the ref5
lshavald409 views
Selection of journal for publicationSelection of journal for publication
Selection of journal for publication
Pragati Singham3.7K views
Shaw - Compliance Workflow, Tips and ComplicationsShaw - Compliance Workflow, Tips and Complications
Shaw - Compliance Workflow, Tips and Complications
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)786 views
Seeley Professional Ethics Requirements for Publishing on Preprint ServersSeeley Professional Ethics Requirements for Publishing on Preprint Servers
Seeley Professional Ethics Requirements for Publishing on Preprint Servers
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)697 views
Assessing and Reporting Research Impact – A Role for the Library  - Kristi L....Assessing and Reporting Research Impact – A Role for the Library  - Kristi L....
Assessing and Reporting Research Impact – A Role for the Library - Kristi L....
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)2.1K views
Open Access Solutions in PhysicsOpen Access Solutions in Physics
Open Access Solutions in Physics
ClaudioBogazzi188 views
Melnyk ppt chapter_21Melnyk ppt chapter_21
Melnyk ppt chapter_21
stanbridge277 views
Sherpa RomeoSherpa Romeo
Sherpa Romeo
MKH-QMUL7K views
Hgm elpub2018Hgm elpub2018
Hgm elpub2018
Heather Morrison254 views
WiseWise
Wise
University Health and Medical Librarians Group450 views

Viewers also liked(15)

Todd Carpenter Presentation at Project Muse Publishers Meeting - April 24, 2014Todd Carpenter Presentation at Project Muse Publishers Meeting - April 24, 2014
Todd Carpenter Presentation at Project Muse Publishers Meeting - April 24, 2014
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)3.7K views
Joseph Esposito: Stage Five PublishingJoseph Esposito: Stage Five Publishing
Joseph Esposito: Stage Five Publishing
Association of University Presses2.1K views
Where is Digital Going?Where is Digital Going?
Where is Digital Going?
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)3.6K views
The Magic of Social NetworksThe Magic of Social Networks
The Magic of Social Networks
Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project1.9K views
Christopher Scapelliti: Publishing Career GraphicChristopher Scapelliti: Publishing Career Graphic
Christopher Scapelliti: Publishing Career Graphic
Christopher Scapelliti380 views
What are your career goalsWhat are your career goals
What are your career goals
jobguide24722.3K views
Predatory publishingPredatory publishing
Predatory publishing
Roxanne Missingham1.8K views
Top 12 skills for career successTop 12 skills for career success
Top 12 skills for career success
jobguide247895.9K views

Similar to Wiley's 2013 Open Access Author Survey(20)

Publishing of an article Publishing of an article
Publishing of an article
Tarek Tawfik Amin7K views
Research Webinar.pptxResearch Webinar.pptx
Research Webinar.pptx
Baskaran M4 views
How to get publish - Workshop CNUDSTHow to get publish - Workshop CNUDST
How to get publish - Workshop CNUDST
Bessem Aamira5.2K views
Understanding scientific peer reviewUnderstanding scientific peer review
Understanding scientific peer review
Samir Haffar2.2K views
Publishing tips UNISA  2019Publishing tips UNISA  2019
Publishing tips UNISA 2019
Terry Anderson342 views
Peer review & Quality Assurance 2.0Peer review & Quality Assurance 2.0
Peer review & Quality Assurance 2.0
ScienceOpen2.7K views
Understanding Open Access and Recent Developments Around the WorldUnderstanding Open Access and Recent Developments Around the World
Understanding Open Access and Recent Developments Around the World
DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)2.7K views

Recently uploaded(20)

Wiley's 2013 Open Access Author Survey

  • 1. Open Access Author Survey 2013 www.wileyopenaccess.com
  • 2. 2 Survey Overview Wiley’s 2013 open access survey was deployed in May 2013 to 107,000 corresponding authors of Wiley journal articles. The survey received 8,465 responses, a response rate of 7.9% For the purposes of this survey, an open access article was defined as:  One that is free for all to read, download and share online.  One whose author, institution, or funding body pays an Article Publication Charge (APC) to ensure that the article is made open access.
  • 3. 3 Key Topics & Takeaways Author preferences Open access (OA) authorship is expanding globally in all Wiley markets Funding More funding is available for publishing OA Self-archiving Early career researchers understand the value of repositories but still seek to publish in journals with high Impact Factors Author rights & article licenses Authors prefer CC-BY-NC, CC-BY but still have concerns about protecting their work Generation gap Many differences between early career researchers (those aged 26-44 and with 5-14 years experience) and more established professionals (aged 45 or above with 15+ years experience)
  • 4. 4 Response Rates by Region AMERICAS 36% EMEA 45% APAC 19% Regionally, 45% of respondents were from Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), 36% were from the Americas, and 19% from the Asia-Pacific region (APAC)
  • 5. 5 Corporation – 2% Self-Employed/ Independent – 2% Consultant – 1% NGO – 1% University or College Hospital/Clinic Research Institute Medical School Government Agency Response Rates by Institution Type Nearly two-thirds of all respondents work at universities or colleges, located primarily in the United States (29%), the United Kingdom (11%), Australia (5%), Canada (5%), and Germany (5%). A significant number of respondents also came from research institutes and hospital or clinic settings. 4% 5% 10% 11% 64%
  • 6. 6 Response Rates by Age & Experience 1%75+ 65-74 55-64 45-54 35-44 26-34 25 and under 32% 18% 3% 2% 33% 11% 5% 16% 34% 45% 5-14 years Less than 5 years Student 15+ years The majority of respondents are early career professionals: nearly two-thirds of respondents are under the age of 45, and the majority (45%) have 5-14 years of experience in their respective disciplines. Age Experience
  • 7. 7 Response Rates by Subject 22% 8% 7% 15% 7% Medicine Life Sciences Social Science Chemistry Engineering & Materials Science Top 5 Disciplines by Response Rate The largest proportion of respondents are working in Medicine and the Life Sciences. Chemistry, Engineering & Materials Science and Social Science had the next largest response rates compared with the rest of the pool.
  • 8. 8 Increase in OA Authors The number of Wiley authors who have published at least one open access article almost doubled since last year. 2012 2013 32% 68% 41% 59% Has Published OA Has Not Published OA Within the past 3 years, how many peer-reviewed articles have you published via each of the following types of journals? Subscription journal; Fully open access journal (with APC); Hybrid open access journal (with APC); Open access journal (no APC)
  • 9. 9 Author Publication Habits (Gold, Green and Subscription) More than one third of Wiley authors have published at least one article in fully OA journals, and 30% have published in a hybrid journal. Of those surveyed, 29% have written an article for an OA journal and not paid an article publication charge (APC). Publishing Rates by Journal Type 33% 30% 29% Fully open access journal (w/APC) Hybrid open access journal (w/APC)* Open access journal (no APC) *Hybrid OA (w/APC): Journals featuring a mix of subscription and open access articles Within the past 3 years, how many peer-reviewed articles have you published via each of the following types of journals? Subscription journal; Fully open access journal (with APC); Hybrid open access journal (with APC); Open access journal (no APC)
  • 10. 10 Open Access Publishing Rates 10 Top 5 factors authors who have published OA consider when selecting where to publish 1. Journal is well-regarded by my peers 2. Journal has a high impact factor 3. The finished product is high quality 4. Journal has a rigorous peer review process 5. Journal has a well respected editorial board Nearly 60% of authors have published open access (OA) 41%59% Have Published OA Have Not Published OA (L) Consider the following factors of an open access journal. On the bars below, indicate how influential these factors would be in your decision to publish in that journal (10 = highly influential, 1= not a factor in your decision making). It is well-regarded by my peers; It has a high impact factor; The finished product is high quality; It is a rigorous peer review process; It has a well respected editorial; board; Speed to publication is under one month; It provides robust article-level metrics; My intellectual property is protected under specific licenses; Guidance and assistance is offered on how to find funding for article publication charges; Other (R) What are some of the reasons keeping you from publishing in an open access journal? (Select all that apply.) I am not willing to pay to publish my work; I am concerned about perceptions of the quality of OA publications; Lack of funding for APCs; OA journals in my field are not high profile; The quality of OA journals is inferior to subscription journals; I believe that self-archive after an embargo period is sufficient; There are no open OA in my field; Publication is not fast enough with OA journals; Other Top 5 concerns preventing authors from publishing OA 1. I am not willing to pay to publish my work 2. I am concerned about perceptions of the quality of OA publications 3. Lack of funding for article publication charges (APCs) 4. OA journals in my field are not high profile 5. The quality of OA journals is inferior to subscription journals
  • 11. 11 Archiving Habits Placement of published articles in public or institutional repositories is not yet the norm among authors. Fewer than half of all respondents report that they have deposited or self-archived an article in either public or institution-hosted repositories or on their personal webpages.Have Not Archived Have Archived 43% 57% Among the group of authors who have archived their articles, 60% do so for personal or ethical reasons. *For this question, respondents were given the choice to select more than one answer Have you ever deposited published article(s) into a public or institutional repository or posted them to your personal website? Yes; No
  • 12. 12 Among the subset of authors who have deposited articles, the majority (57%) are using university or institute-sponsored repositories, while roughly one third (34%) are archiving in public repositories like PubMedCentral or arXiv. Where and Why Authors Archive Institutional Repository (university or institute- sponsored) Other Public Repository (PubMed Central, arXiv, etc.) Personal Webpage 57% 31% 23% 6% Where Authors Archive Why Authors Archive Personal/Ethical Responsibility Institutional Requirement Funder Requirement Other 60% 37% 11% 18% (L) Where have you deposited your article(s)? (Select all that apply.) (R) Think about the most recent time you archived an article. Why did you archive? (Select all that apply.)
  • 13. 13 Archiving Motivations: Comparing Early Career Researchers and Established Professionals Established Professionals (aged 45+, 15+ years of experience) Personal/Ethical Responsibility Funder Requirement Other Institutional Requirement 62% Early Career Researchers (aged 26-44, 5-14 years of experience) 57% 37% 36% 20% 17% 11% 13% Younger researchers are more likely to cite personal or ethical reasons for archiving their articles than their more established colleagues. This group is also more likely to post their articles to personal webpages than their older counterparts (48% compared to 40%). Think about the most recent time you archived an article. Why did you archive? (Select all that apply.)
  • 14. 14 Funded Open Access Authors  More than half of Wiley authors responding to the 2013 survey reported receiving research funding which covered APCs, to publish open access  24% receive full funding  29% receive partial funding  The majority of funded authors are between the ages of 26-44 (69%) and from universities, colleges or research institutes (83%) Full 24% None 47% Partial 29% 2013 Author OA Funding Over half of authors receive funding to publish open access, a 43% increase since last year When you receive research funding, is money provided for publishing in Open Access journals? Full Funding; Partial Funding; No Funding
  • 15. 15 Funded Open Access Authors Authors who are currently funded value journals that: 1. Are well-regarded by their peers 2. Have high impact factors 3. Have high-quality finished products 4. Have rigorous peer review processes 5. Have well respected editorial boards Preferred licenses for this group include CC-BY-NC (81%) and CC-BY (71%), which is in line with the full pool. CC-BY-NC 81% CC-BY 71% CC-BY-SA 19% CC-BY-NC-SA 24% Least preferred licenses Most preferred licenses (L) Consider the following factors of an open access journal. On the bars below, indicate how influential these factors would be in your decision to publish in that journal (10 = highly influential, 1= not a factor in your decision making). • Answer choices for the above question available on Slide 21, “Question & Answer Choices” (R) By order of importance, please drag and drop the Creative Commons licenses listed below according to your preference: CC-BY; CC-BY-NC; CC-BY-ND; CC-BY-SA; CC-BY-NC-SA; CC-BY-NC-ND; I prefer not to use Creative Commons licenses
  • 16. 27% 30% My Institution/Funder Paid: 29% 22% 17% I paid: 19% 28% 30% No fee: 31% 8% 8% 4% 4% Split w/ institution: 4% 2% 1% Split w/ funder: 1% 9% 9% Other: 9% All Early Career Professionals Established Professionals Split w/ fellow authors: 7% 16 How Authors are Funded for OA Publishing For the most recent article that you published open access, how was the APC payment covered? My funder/institution paid; I paid out of my own funds; I split the cost with my fellow authors; I split the cost with my institution; I split the cost with my funder; There was no fee; Other
  • 17. 17 License Preferences  Early career professionals: 6% more likely to publish under a CC license than more mature researchers.  Above the age of 55: over half preferred not to use Creative Commons licenses of any kind.  Students: 8% more likely to favor CC-BY-NC-SA and 6% more likely to favor CC-BY-SA Respondents demonstrated an overwhelming preference for the CC-BY-NC and CC-BY licenses although degrees of preference varied by age and experience. Respondents most comfortable granting commercial use of their work were in the fields of:  Finance & Business Physics Respondents less willing to grant commercial use are those in:  Computing Engineering Agriculture & Food Science By order of importance, please drag and drop the Creative Commons licenses listed below according to your preference: CC-BY; CC-BY-NC; CC-BY-ND; CC-BY-SA; CC-BY-NC-SA; CC-BY-NC-ND; I prefer not to use Creative Commons licenses
  • 18. 18 Creative Commons Attribution [CC-BY] Creative Commons Attribution- Noncommercial [CC-BY-NC] Creative Commons Attribution- No Derivative Works [CC-BY-ND] Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike [CC-BY-SA] Creative Commons Attribution- Noncommercial ShareAlike [CC-BY-NC-SA] Creative Commons Attribution- Noncommercial, No Derivative Works [CC-BY-NC-ND] I prefer not to use Creative Commons licenses All 70% 81% 41% 19% 22% 24% 43% 26-44; 4-15 yrs 71% 80% 39% 21% 23% 24% 41% 45+; 15+ yrs 69% 82% 42% 15% 21% 24% 47% License Preferences: Comparing Early Career Researchers and Established Professionals Top ranked licenses: 1. CC-BY-NC (81%) 2. CC-BY (70%) Traditional © preferred by older, more established respondents Preference for CC-BY-SA decreases as respondent age increases By order of importance, please drag and drop the Creative Commons licenses listed below according to your preference: CC-BY; CC-BY-NC; CC-BY-ND; CC-BY-SA; CC-BY-NC-SA; CC-BY-NC-ND; I prefer not to use Creative Commons licenses