Ethics & Research Prof .T.S.Ravi Kumar Head Department of A & E Nursing College of Nursing CMCH Vellore
Research <ul><li>Question </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic Scientific Study </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation, New Knowledge et...
? topics
Ethics <ul><li>What is the color of the world ? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Ethics  </li></ul><ul><li>(Greek ethika, ethos,character,custom),   </li></ul><ul><li>Principles or standards of h...
PRUDENCE, PLEASURE, OR POWER <ul><li>Intellectual nature is superior to the sensual nature  </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetoric, lo...
Concepts of Ethics <ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Belief systems </li></ul><ul><li>Morality </li></ul>
Utilitarianism <ul><li>Utilitarianism holds that  </li></ul><ul><li>actions or policies  </li></ul><ul><li>that  </li></ul...
casuistry <ul><li>casuistry, a case-based approach </li></ul>
Principles of Ethics <ul><li>Value of life </li></ul><ul><li>Goodness & Rightness </li></ul><ul><li>Justice or fairness </...
Ethical framework <ul><li>Based on four principles : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>duty to alleviate suffering </li></ul></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Genuine Consent </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of care </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical review of research </li></ul><ul><li...
Bioethics <ul><li>A sub discipline of ethics </li></ul><ul><li>The study of life science morality </li></ul>
Bioethics <ul><li>Descriptive Bioethics </li></ul><ul><li>-  the way people view life </li></ul><ul><li>Prescriptive bioet...
Standards of care <ul><li>International debate about standard of care that should be provided to control group in research...
Value Systems <ul><li>A set of related values </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic values </li></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic values </li><...
Value Formation <ul><li>Values are learned </li></ul><ul><li>Values change with maturity and experience </li></ul><ul><li>...
When you are doing something wrong,  Do You Know that it is wrong?
Respect for Human Dignity <ul><li>Right to self determination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Coercion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Nuremberg Code  and  The Declaration of Helsinki   <ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>honesty in all scientific communi...
Nuremberg Code  and  The Declaration of Helsinki <ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep your promises and agreements...
<ul><li>Responsible Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Social Responsibility  </li></ul>...
Nuremberg Code  and  The Declaration of Helsinki <ul><li>Human Subjects Protection </li></ul>
Directions <ul><li>Discussion of case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics Rounds </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics Committee </li></ul...
<ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>
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231109 rm-t.s.r.-ethics & research

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231109 rm-t.s.r.-ethics & research

  1. 1. Ethics & Research Prof .T.S.Ravi Kumar Head Department of A & E Nursing College of Nursing CMCH Vellore
  2. 2. Research <ul><li>Question </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic Scientific Study </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation, New Knowledge etc </li></ul>
  3. 3. ? topics
  4. 4. Ethics <ul><li>What is the color of the world ? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>(Greek ethika, ethos,character,custom), </li></ul><ul><li>Principles or standards of human conduct, </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes called morals (Latin mores, custom) </li></ul>Ethics
  6. 6. PRUDENCE, PLEASURE, OR POWER <ul><li>Intellectual nature is superior to the sensual nature </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetoric, logic, and civil affairs, were skeptical of moral absolutes </li></ul><ul><li>virtue is knowledge </li></ul>
  7. 7. Concepts of Ethics <ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Belief systems </li></ul><ul><li>Morality </li></ul>
  8. 8. Utilitarianism <ul><li>Utilitarianism holds that </li></ul><ul><li>actions or policies </li></ul><ul><li>that </li></ul><ul><li>achieve good results— </li></ul><ul><li>particularly the greatest good </li></ul><ul><li>for the greatest number of people— </li></ul><ul><li>are judged to be moral </li></ul>
  9. 9. casuistry <ul><li>casuistry, a case-based approach </li></ul>
  10. 10. Principles of Ethics <ul><li>Value of life </li></ul><ul><li>Goodness & Rightness </li></ul><ul><li>Justice or fairness </li></ul><ul><li>Truth telling or Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Individual freedom </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ethical framework <ul><li>Based on four principles : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>duty to alleviate suffering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>duty to show respect for persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>duty to be sensitive to cultural differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>duty not to exploit the vulnerable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local social, cultural and economic contexts must be taken into account </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Genuine Consent </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of care </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical review of research </li></ul><ul><li>What happens once research is over? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bioethics <ul><li>A sub discipline of ethics </li></ul><ul><li>The study of life science morality </li></ul>
  14. 14. Bioethics <ul><li>Descriptive Bioethics </li></ul><ul><li>- the way people view life </li></ul><ul><li>Prescriptive bioethics </li></ul><ul><li>- to tell others what is good </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive bioethics </li></ul><ul><li>- debate between people </li></ul>
  15. 15. Standards of care <ul><li>International debate about standard of care that should be provided to control group in research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal (the best treatment available anywhere in the world) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-universal (the treatment available in a defined region) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Value Systems <ul><li>A set of related values </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic values </li></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic values </li></ul><ul><li>Personal values </li></ul><ul><li>Professional values </li></ul>
  17. 17. Value Formation <ul><li>Values are learned </li></ul><ul><li>Values change with maturity and experience </li></ul><ul><li>The number of values an individual holds is not as important as what values they consider important </li></ul>
  18. 18. When you are doing something wrong, Do You Know that it is wrong?
  19. 19. Respect for Human Dignity <ul><li>Right to self determination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Coercion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No incentive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Right to full disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Informed consent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consent Form </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues related to respect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg Cultural </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Nuremberg Code and The Declaration of Helsinki <ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>honesty in all scientific communications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strive to avoid bias in experimental design, data analysis, data interpretation, peer review, personnel decisions, grant writing, </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Nuremberg Code and The Declaration of Helsinki <ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep your promises and agreements; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carefulness </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for Intellectual Property </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible Publication </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Responsible Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Social Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Competence </li></ul><ul><li>Legality </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Care </li></ul>Nuremberg Code and The Declaration of Helsinki
  23. 23. Nuremberg Code and The Declaration of Helsinki <ul><li>Human Subjects Protection </li></ul>
  24. 24. Directions <ul><li>Discussion of case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics Rounds </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional Philosophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>

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