23 iva kvakic undpkonf

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23 iva kvakic undpkonf

  1. 1. Case studies for sustainable energy and policy recommendations for the Western Balkans Iva kvakić, heinrich bOEll stiftung
  2. 2. project background - Economic crisis - Link between economic growth and resource scarcity - Advocating a Green New Deal for the WB region - Expert teams - 2 key sectors – energy and agriculture
  3. 3. project background - Regional agriculture study - Darko Znaor - Regional energy study - Aleksandar Kovačević - National energy papers - country level experts
  4. 4. project background
  5. 5. project background
  6. 6. AGRICULTURE FINDINGS
  7. 7. AGRICULTURE FINDINGS - The Real Value Added (RVA) in the baseline year (2009) = - EUR 832 million - BAU scenario RVA = - EUR 449 million - ECO scenario RVA = EUR 551 million - ECO+ scenario RVA = EUR 2.051 million.
  8. 8. Energy studies
  9. 9. wb ENERGY CONTEXT - Heavily reliant on fossil fuels - Carbon intensive/low productivity sources - Lignite, heavy fuel oil - Imports - Fossil fuel subsidies - Energy poverty
  10. 10. wb ENERGY CONTEXT
  11. 11. HBS wb energy study
  12. 12. HBS wb energy study - BAU scenario: - expected increase of energy demand in line with economic growth - investments in large scale fossil fuel plants - additional investments due to EU obligations
  13. 13. HBS wb energy study - BAU scenario risks: - energy security - impact on households: energy poverty, suboptimal energy prices compared to international standards, environmental impacts and climate change
  14. 14. HBS wb energy study - ECO scenario - energy efficiency – reducing peak loads sustainable urban transport building stock replacement shift energy investments from imported fuels to resources available within the region - development of forest and biomass resources
  15. 15. HBS wb energy study - Focus: wood industry - Biomass fired power plants in proximity of urban areas - Industrial zones attached to urban areas - Adequate transport facilities (railways, waterborne) - Invention and education facilitation
  16. 16. NATIONAL ENERGY PAPERS
  17. 17. National energy papers - Local case studies for renewables and energy efficiency - Croatia, BiH, Serbia, Montenegro - The team - energy expert - economist - civil society representative
  18. 18. croatia
  19. 19. energy CONTEXT - Large scale fossil fuel investments - Existing feed-in tariff system - Feed-in quotas - Energy poverty – 65% of households
  20. 20. case studies - Passive social housing
  21. 21. Passive social housing
  22. 22. Passive social housing - Koprivnica case - cca 1000 EUR / m2 - up to 5 times less monthly cost - second project in progress
  23. 23. case studies - Passive social housing - Energy retrofitting through ESCO companies in local government ownership
  24. 24. esco model - 15% financing by local government, cofinancing by EU funds - 1:7 investment generation, total cca 20 mil EUR - 2.100 jobs per year - over 400.000 m2 - energy consumption reduction – 60%
  25. 25. case studies - Passive social housing - Energy retrofitting through ESCO companies in local government ownership - Solar thermal – coastal areas
  26. 26. solar thermal - Plomin C investment scale - 3.000.000 m2 of solar thermal (2014-2020) - 6-9 years payback period - 3000-3500 jobs
  27. 27. case studies - Passive social housing - Energy retrofitting through ESCO companies in local government ownership - Solar thermal – coastal areas - Energy cooperatives - Cogeneration in public institutions
  28. 28. cogeneration in public institutions
  29. 29. cogeneration in public institutions - Valtura penitentiary - agricultural and livestock waste to biogas - total investment : 5.000.000 EUR - payback period <10 years
  30. 30. Bosnia and herzegovina
  31. 31. energy CONTEXT - Only energy exporter - Institutional barriers - Energy poverty - Fossil fuel centered strategy (75% coal) - CO2 emission permit cost 40% of current energy price
  32. 32. case studies - Biomass replacement for fossil fuels - 21.000 m2 of commercial surfaces heated on wood pellets - Payback period – 2,16 years - Potential: 2000 sustainable jobs for technical potential of forest residues
  33. 33. case studies - Heat pumps - geothermal energy - case: Fojnica hotels - heating costs reduced by the factor of 10 - payback period: 1 year
  34. 34. case studies - Solar energy - 74% of heating demand in Banja Luka, 78% of heating demand in Sarajevo could be covered by solar thermal - combined pellet – solar thermal systems
  35. 35. SERBIA
  36. 36. energy CONTEXT - Lignite centered - Dependency on uncertain natural gas corridors - High level of inefficient biomass use - Energy poverty
  37. 37. case studies - Wooden house with PV - Replacement of inefficient stoves – over 50% of households - PV with feed-in tariff
  38. 38. MONTEnegro
  39. 39. energy CONTEXT - Prevailing hydro - Energy imports - Lack of investment in distribution - Poor energy efficiency - Energy poverty
  40. 40. case studies - Energy efficient lighting - 76% annual savings, return 1-2 years - PV (Podgorica, 10kW) - 18.000 EUR investment, 8.4y payback - Biomass fuel - Current– 100 MEUR for 670m kWh - Potential – 1,46 MWh
  41. 41. conclusion – wb region - Energy poverty - Strong strategic orientation towards fossil fuels - Risk of increased prices due to CO2 regulation
  42. 42. conclusion – wb region - Energy poverty - Strong strategic orientation towards fossil fuels - Risk of increased prices due to CO2 regulation - Biomass – energy security and industrial potential - Solar energy - Local cogeneration and energy efficiency projects
  43. 43. policy recommendations - lignite and coal phaseout - investment in forestry and biomass industry - investment in energy efficiency - incentives for small, decentralized systems - incentives and legislation for energy cooperatives
  44. 44. http://boell.de http://hr.boell.org

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