Energy efficiency in Eastern Europe and CIS: Climate Change Mitigation Portfolio


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RBEC UNDP-GEF Climate Change Mitigation Portfolio: Current Status and Lessons Learnt (UNDP presentation prepared by Marina Olshanskaya)

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Energy efficiency in Eastern Europe and CIS: Climate Change Mitigation Portfolio

  1. 1. RBEC UNDP-GEF Climate Change Mitigation Portfolio: <br />Current Status and Lessons Learnt <br />Presented by Marina OlshanskayaWednesday, 23 September<br />RBEC Energy and Environment Community of Practice Meeting<br />21-25 September 2009, Bratislava<br />
  2. 2. 1<br />Presentation Overview<br /><ul><li>Regional context: pro-poor opportunities for GHG emission reduction
  3. 3. Current status of RBEC CC Mitigation Portfolio
  4. 4. Lessons learnt from GEF-4</li></li></ul><li>2<br />Energy Profile: Eastern Europe and CIS<br /><ul><li>Low energy efficiency (even new EU members), little use of renewable energy (except hydro) ->most energy- and carbon-intensive economies globally</li></ul>World average<br />Source: World Resources Institute 2008<br />
  5. 5. 3<br />Energy & Poverty Profile: Eastern Europe and CIS<br /><ul><li>Fuel Poverty:
  6. 6. Energy bills constitute 20% of low-income households (twice as much as in EU)
  7. 7. Access to Energy:
  8. 8. Despite nearly universal grid connection, millions rely on wood fuel for heating and cooking needs (Western Balkans, Central Asia):
  9. 9. Collapse of district heating systems in Armenia, Moldova, Georgia and gradual deterioration in the rest of CIS
  10. 10. Chronic power crisis: Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan</li></li></ul><li>4<br />UNDP key priority: energy efficiency inbuildings<br /><ul><li> 40% of energy used in buildings
  11. 11. Building stock 2-3 times less efficient than in EU
  12. 12. Utilities account for 20% in poor households income
  13. 13. 30% reduction in costs can make a substantial difference</li></ul>Source: UNDP/GEF Project Document, Kyrgyzstan<br />
  14. 14. 5<br />How do you think about work the heating supply <br />system in your apartment?<br />Don’t work at all<br />No answer<br />20,5%<br />1,8%<br />Good<br />47, 7%<br />Bad<br />30, 1%<br />UNDP key priority: energy efficiency inbuildings<br />Barriers to remove:<br /><ul><li> Poorly designed and insufficiently enforced legal and regulatory framework
  15. 15. Weak capacities to identify and implement energy efficiency measures among municipalities, tenants and district heating companies</li></ul>Turkmenistan: 50% of customers are not satisfied with heat systems<br />Source: UNDP/GEF Project Report TUK/01/G35<br />
  16. 16. 6<br />Project example: EE Renovation in Bulgaria<br /><ul><li>28 voluntary associations of condominium owners for the purposes of renovation and future maintenance created;
  17. 17. 7 multifamily buildings fully renovated and 21 buildings undergoing renovation
  18. 18. Annual energy saving: 50-75% due to EE renovation</li></ul>BEFORE<br />AFTER<br />Source: UNDP Project Booklet, Bulgaria<br />
  19. 19. 7<br />Project example: Municipal EE in Croatia<br />- Policy-level support: National EE Master-plan with the Programme of Implementation 2008-2016<br /><ul><li> Energy Charter: signed by ALL towns and counties in the Republic of Croatia
  20. 20. At least 7 million USD</li></ul>investments leveraged in energy EE across Croatia<br />- 91,5% of households are aware of availability and the<br />benefits of EE products<br />related to home appliances<br />- Project budget: 13 M US$ (on-going) with UNDP/GEF contribution 3.5 M$<br />BEFORE<br />Energy Charter <br />Advocacy kit under UNDP “House in Order” project <br />Source: UNDP-GEF Project in Croatia<br />
  21. 21. Project example: District Heating in Armenia<br />New legal and regulatory framework for rehabilitation of DH systems<br />USD 10 million direct foreign (private) investmentsleveragedinto new DH system (Avandistrict of Yerevan, 213 buildings, 30.000 residents);<br />System features combined heat and power facility, reconstructed network and apartment level metered and regulated system<br />400 new contracts siged between customers and heat supply companies in the demo/pilot areas based on apartment level heat meters. <br />Multi-apartment panel building with exhaust chimney from gas heater installed in one apartment (not financed by the project!)<br /> Heat meter installed at the entrance to an apartment in <br />Avan district of Yerevan<br />8<br />Source: UNDP-GEF MTE report, photos by Grant Ballard-Tremeer<br />
  22. 22. 9<br />Project example: Municipal ESCO-Rivne, Ukraine<br />New Combined Heat-and-Power Plant replaced 11 outdated inefficient boilers and constructed heating manifolds providing over 70,000 inhabitants with quality heating and hot water supply services<br />Before: Heat supply to Gymnasium used to be organized from a remote central boiler plant and the Gymnasium was located at the dead-end of the heat supply manifold: temperature in heated spaces was 13C – 15C<br />After: Module type individual boiler plant constructed in 2008 allowed avoiding significant heat losses at utility’s 2km manifolds and secured first comfort winter for schoolchildren and teachers since 1994.<br />Source: UNDP/GEF Project Booklet, Ukraine<br />
  23. 23. 10<br />New EE Building Portfolio: ARM, KAZ, KYR, UZB, TKM, TUR<br />Portfolio consists of six projects worth GEF 15.7 mln US$ and focuses on: <br />New Energy Efficient Building Codes to provide for up to 30% more energy efficient buildings<br />New Enforcement System: Energy Passports<br />Education and Awareness Raising: new university curricula and vocational training<br />Demonstration: 50-100,000 m2 built following integrated building design approach<br /><ul><li>8 schools and hospitals in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan
  24. 24. 10 multi-rise residential buildings in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Armenia</li></ul>Co-financing: 50 mln US$ from public and private sector construction programmes <br />Source:<br />
  25. 25. 11<br />Small hydro power: Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan<br />UNDP key priorities: renewable energy<br />Wind power: Kazakhstan<br />Biomass: Slovakia, Belarus, Poland, BiH, Slovenia, Latvia<br />Solar Water Heating: Albania<br />
  26. 26. 12<br />Project examples: over 100 MW of biomass-based heat and power installed <br />Belarus: five biomass boilers installed across country (30MWth) <br />Latvia: one 7MWth heat-only boiler in the town of Ludza<br />Poland: five biomass municipal boiler houses (0.5 - 3.7MW) Slovakia: wood pellet Central Processing Unit and conversion of 44 municipal boiler rooms (15 kW - 2,5 MW) <br />Slovenia: eight biomass district heating systems (four large: 1 MW to 4.5 MW, and four small: 0.2 to 0,6 MW)<br />Source: UNDP/GEF Biomass Lessons Learnt<br />
  27. 27. Energy Efficiency in Buildings<br /><ul><li>District heating EE – Good example : Armenia
  28. 28. Municipal sector EE – Good example: Croatia
  29. 29. EE in Public Sectors – Good example: Russia</li></ul>Worked well Didn’t work/partially worked<br /><ul><li>EE regulation and policies
  30. 30. Capacity building for municipalities/local partners
  31. 31. Governmental/private sector co-financing can be real
  32. 32. Financial mechanism (guarantee/revolving funds)
  33. 33. Set-up of new Energy Service Providers </li></ul>13<br />
  34. 34. Renewable Energy<br /><ul><li>Biomass – Good example: Belarus, Slovakia, Slovenia, Latvia
  35. 35. Wind Power – Contoversial example: Kazakhstan </li></ul>Worked well Didn’t work/partially worked<br /><ul><li>Technology demonstration/learning/quality management systems
  36. 36. RE policies and regulation
  37. 37. Governmental co-financing
  38. 38. Financial mechanism (guarantee/revolving funds)
  39. 39. Private sector co-financing – complex, requires new set of skills/policies from UNDP</li></ul>14<br />
  40. 40. 15<br />Lessons learnt: We do not learn from our lessons learnt <br />UNDP-GEF Lessons Learnt Series “Heating in Transition”: <br /> <br />How-to Guide on Local Financing for Energy Efficiency:<br /><br />Opportunities for Biomass Energy Programmes: <br /><br />
  41. 41. 16<br />RBEC CC Mitigation Portfolio 1998-2009<br /><ul><li>Total value of UNDP CC Mitigation Portfolio: 36.7 mln US$, 14 projects</li></li></ul><li>17<br />CC Mitigation Portfolio: status and priorities <br />! Only 2 projects (MSPs - 2 mln US$) developed in GEF-4 had started implementation<br />!!! Key Priority for 2009-2010: ensure timely completion of PPG: <br />Deadline 1: GEF CEO Endorsement<br />Deadline 2: UNDP approval<br />Deadline 3: Prodoc Signature and Project Start-up<br />Please, prepare your individual calendars based on approved PIFs/CEO Endorsement Requests!<br />