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Copyright, contracts & open licensing for digital scholarship


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Copyright, contracts & open licensing for digital scholarship

  1. 1. @ucbitss #RT2virtual Copyright, Contracts & Open Licensing for Digital Scholarship BITSS Research Transparency and Reproducibility Training August 27, 2021
  2. 2. @ucbitss #RT2virtual Timothy Vollmer, UC Berkeley Library Office of Scholarly Communication Services We work with researchers at UC Berkeley (and across the UC) on navigating publishing, intellectual property, and information policy in their research, scholarship, and instruction.
  3. 3. @ucbitss #RT2virtual Pre-Registration Pre-Analysis Plans Power Planning Data Management Version Control Transparent Reporting & Disclosure Data Repositories Open Access Preprints Dynamic Documents RT2 Roadmap Dynamic Documents Publication Bias Failure to Replicate Researcher Degrees of Freedom Scientific Misconduct Results-Blind Review / Registered Reports Ethical Research Statistical Literacy Evidence Synthesis
  4. 4. We’ll help you think about how you can use other people’s stuff Edwards, F., Lee, H., Esposito, M., 2019. Risk of being killed by police use of force in the United States by age, race–ethnicity, and sex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.. doi:10.1073/pnas.1821204116
  5. 5. You’re an author & you have rights
  6. 6. Article Using others’ works: Choices Matter Data
  7. 7. Controlling an organic synthesis robot with machine learning to search for new reactivity
  8. 8. [Y]ou grant each User of GitHub a nonexclusive, worldwide license to use, display, and perform Your Content through the GitHub Service and to reproduce Your Content solely on GitHub ... You may grant further rights if you adopt a license. GitHub Terms of Service
  9. 9. Creative Commons Attribution License
  10. 10. COPYRIGHT
  11. 11. What is COPYRIGHT? Exclusive rights to make certain uses of original expression for limited period of time Photo by Luis Alfonso Orellana on Unsplash "Large copyright graffiti sign on cream colored wall" by Ho Varlan is licensed under CC BY 2.0
  12. 12. Exclusive Rights ● Reproduction ● Derivative works ● Distribution ● Public performance ● Public display Photo by Luis Alfonso Orellana on Unsplash
  13. 13. Not invoking any exclusive rights by providing links to lawfully-uploaded content: ● It’s not reproduction ● It’s not a derivative work ● It’s not distribution ● It’s not a performance ● It’s not public display Three horizontal rusted chains crossed by two poles Linking Exclusive Right That’s why it’s always okay to link to lawful content.
  14. 14. Limited Period ● Varies, but at least author’s life + 70 years ● Within “protected” period, you need author’s permission to reproduce, display, perform, etc. Photo by Luis Alfonso Orellana on Unsplash Photo by Jon Tyson on Unsplash
  15. 15. If copyright gives authors exclusive rights for so long, how can we ever use anything?
  16. 16. Limitations Protects expression, not ideas or facts Must be original, authored, fixed Photo by John Maffei, CC BY-ND 2.0
  17. 17. Other limitations: The Public Domain FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WORKS EXPIRED COPYRIGHT$b271432
  18. 18. So if something *is* protected, we have to get permission to use it?
  19. 19. Not if an exception like fair use applies "Fair use cat mural, Electronic Frontier Foundation, California, USA" by gruntzooki is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
  20. 20. “The fair use of a copyrighted work…for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching…, scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.” 17 U.S.C. § 107
  21. 21. FOUR-FACTOR BALANCING TEST 1. Purpose & character of use Nonprofit educational more likely fair than commercial; “transformativeness” dominates. 2. Nature of copyrighted work More likely fair if you’re using factual or scholarly work. 3. Amount and substantiality Size & importance of portion used in relation to whole. 4. Effect on potential market Less likely fair if use supplants market for purchasing/licensing original. Photo by Piret Ilver on Unsplash
  22. 22. Locate rightsholders & keep track of your requests
  23. 23. CONTRACTS
  24. 24. Databases
  25. 25. Website Terms of Use If you intend to quote extensive amounts of text, use other original content, or reproduce images from this site, please contact us for permission.
  26. 26. How to apply a license to your own work: ● Articles ● Multimedia ● Data ● Software
  27. 27. Creative Commons MIT License & GNU General Public Licenses For software For content such as text, images, audio, video, data (sometimes)
  28. 28. Special case: Data If no ©, skip Facts are in the public domain
  29. 29.
  30. 30. Licensing considerations: ● Grant agreements ● Platform policies Photo by William Felipe Seccon on Unsplash
  31. 31. Grant funding requirements licies-and-resources/open-access-policy
  32. 32. Repositories have policies
  33. 33. Digital Scholarship Literacies Contracts Privacy Copyright Ethics & Policy
  34. 34. Copyright & Fair Use for Digital Projects THANK YOU For more help: Web: E-mail: Twitter: @UCB_scholcomm YouTube: