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Copyright Basics:
What Every Library
Worker Should Know
Graduate School of Library and Information Science
Dominican Unive...
• Legal information
• Not legal advice!
Legal Disclaimer
Agenda
Introduction
Penalties, Flow Chart
Library Copyright
Preservation, Interlibrary loan
Storytimes, films … a public p...
Introduction: Penalties
Registered © owners can sue for $750-$30,000 per infringement
willful up to $150,000; innocent as ...
Introduction: Penalties
Registered © owners can sue for $750-$30,000 per infringement
willful up to $150,000; innocent as ...
Joint project of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Harvard, Stanford,
Berkeley, University of San Francisco, and Univ...
Public
Domain
Fair Use
Get Permission
If no
Specific
Exception
If no
If no
Flow Chart – May I Use Work?
Library Copyright
17 U.S.C. Sect. 108
Good bedtime reading
Three pages
Permits
Interlibrary Loan,
Preservation and
Replace...
Who is a
Section 108
“Library”?
Open to public
17 U.S.C. Sect. 108 (a)(2)
LIBRARY
COPYRIGHT
LIBRARY
COPYRIGHT
OR
Specializ...
Know Library Rights
Before Negotiating Licenses
Interlibrary Loan One article or small selection
*becomes property of user...
Sheet Music
Graphic
Audiovisual Works
May NOT Copy for ILL
17 U.S.C. Sect. 108(i)
Preservation and Replacements
Can’t put on Web
Unpublished:
Original in your library
May make 3 Copies
Published:
Replace ...
Interlibrary Loan
and User Requests
(1) copy must become property of user 
     library must not have notice that it 
will...
Is Library Responsible When Users
Use Our Equipment to Make Copies?
17 U.S.C. Sec. 108 (f)(1)
No, Not if NOTICE Displayed
Sample wording
Not responsible for unsupervised
“reproducing equipment”
The copyright law of t...
Patrons with Print Disabilities
Copyright specific exception (Section 121)
 ”Chafee amendment”
Authorized entity
may copy ...
http://openlibrary.org/subjects/accessible_book
2 million DAISY
format books
Openlibrary.org
National Library Service 
for...
Storytime, Films, Music
Showing films, playing music
allowed for face-to-face instruction
17 U.S.C. Sect. 110(1)
Or make F...
Fair Use
  Likely Yes Likely No
Purpose 
Nonprofit 
New purpose  
.               + 
Commercial  
No new purpose 
Nature 
...
Content You Can Use
REPUTABLE SOURCES
http://www.nolo.com/products/the-public-domain-PUBL.html
www.openclipart.org
Dedicated to
public domain
CC0 Public
Domain Dedication
For OLD works,
check to see if
public domain
EXPIRED
www.copyright.cornell.edu/public_domain/
Peter Hirtle
Chart
Life + 70...
http://publicdomainreview.org/guide-to-finding-interesting-public-domain-works-online/
http://www.infopeople.org/training/finding-legally-safe-music-and-videos
creativecommons.org
licensed
for your use
Abide by License Terms
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.en
CC Creative Commons License
BY Attribution
NC...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/faceme/393896393/
“police officer”
Photo by FaceMePLS CC BY 2.0
http://www.flickr.com/photos/...
http://www.google.com/advanced_image_search
Citing Sources
http://research.dom.edu/content.php?pid=441773&sid=3617282
To cite creative commons works, see http://wiki....
Library as Copyright Owner
Register copyright online $35
• Protection upon creation in fixed format….
• But to get $$$ nee...
Get Permission
www.nolo.com/products/getting-permission-RIPER.html
Charts and Tools at Stanford Fair Use
fairuse.stanford.edu/
Protect yourself from users
Copyright Agent
Designate agent to receive complaints
File simple form with Copyright Office
P...
Example: Dominican UniversityExample: Dominican University
Has your institution filed? Check directory
http://www.copyrigh...
Example Website Language:Example Website Language:
Hershey Community ArchivesHershey Community Archives
http://www.hershey...
If You Get a Takedown Request
Go back to ChillingEffects.org
Review
Introduction
Penalties, Flow Chart
Library Copyright
Preservation, Interlibrary loan
Storytimes, films … a public p...
MORE INFO
http://research.dom.edu/ Guide to Copyright & Fair Use
Questions?
Thanks for making
it to the end!
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Dom copybasicsoct9

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"What Every Library Worker Should Know," #1 in the Copyright Basics Webinar series, practicing librarians and library staff will learn what's clear on copyright basics, what's not, and how to minimize risk. This webinar will cover how to identify public domain materials, introduce the "library exception" to copyright law that allows libraries to make preservation or replacement copies of materials and offer interlibrary loan, and will provide a simple form to file with the U.S. Copyright Office to limit the library's exposure when patrons use library materials.

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Dom copybasicsoct9

  1. 1. Copyright Basics: What Every Library Worker Should Know Graduate School of Library and Information Science Dominican University Presented by Mary Minow, J.D., A.M.L.S. Follett Chair
  2. 2. • Legal information • Not legal advice! Legal Disclaimer
  3. 3. Agenda Introduction Penalties, Flow Chart Library Copyright Preservation, Interlibrary loan Storytimes, films … a public performance? Content you can use Protect yourself from users Next time: Hot issues – ebooks, first sale, orphan works
  4. 4. Introduction: Penalties Registered © owners can sue for $750-$30,000 per infringement willful up to $150,000; innocent as low as $200 17 U.S.C. §504
  5. 5. Introduction: Penalties Registered © owners can sue for $750-$30,000 per infringement willful up to $150,000; innocent as low as $200 $0 Staff, volunteers at libraries, nonprofit educational institution that show reasonable FAIR USE analysis 17 U.S.C. §504
  6. 6. Joint project of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Harvard, Stanford, Berkeley, University of San Francisco, and University of Maine law school clinics. Sample cease and desist letters, explanations Chillingeffects.org Sample Cease and Desist Letters
  7. 7. Public Domain Fair Use Get Permission If no Specific Exception If no If no Flow Chart – May I Use Work?
  8. 8. Library Copyright 17 U.S.C. Sect. 108 Good bedtime reading Three pages Permits Interlibrary Loan, Preservation and Replacements Patron Photocopiers (with signage) Print Disabled Photo by purplemattfish CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/purplemattfish/3725589228/ http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/17/108
  9. 9. Who is a Section 108 “Library”? Open to public 17 U.S.C. Sect. 108 (a)(2) LIBRARY COPYRIGHT LIBRARY COPYRIGHT OR Specialized nonaffiliated researchers
  10. 10. Know Library Rights Before Negotiating Licenses Interlibrary Loan One article or small selection *becomes property of user *no notice other than for private study, scholarship, research Entire work or substantial part same as above and *reasonable investigation shows library cannot buy copy at fair price 17 U.S.C. Sec. 108 (d) and (e)
  11. 11. Sheet Music Graphic Audiovisual Works May NOT Copy for ILL 17 U.S.C. Sect. 108(i)
  12. 12. Preservation and Replacements Can’t put on Web Unpublished: Original in your library May make 3 Copies Published: Replace Damaged, Lost, Obsolete Format Unavailable at fair price May make 3 copies
  13. 13. Interlibrary Loan and User Requests (1) copy must become property of user       library must not have notice that it  will be used other than private study,  scholarship, or research     and  (2) library must prominently display at  place orders are accepted and on  order forms warning of copyright-  See 37 CFR § 201.14 37 CFR 201.14 - Warnings of copyright for use by certain libraries and archives
  14. 14. Is Library Responsible When Users Use Our Equipment to Make Copies? 17 U.S.C. Sec. 108 (f)(1)
  15. 15. No, Not if NOTICE Displayed Sample wording Not responsible for unsupervised “reproducing equipment” The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. The person using this equipment is responsible for any infringement. The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. The person using this equipment is responsible for any infringement. 17 U.S.C. Sec. 108 (f)(1) copiers, printers, scanners, usb ports
  16. 16. Patrons with Print Disabilities Copyright specific exception (Section 121)  ”Chafee amendment” Authorized entity may copy and distribute published works  (except plays) Specialized format no notice of further distribution      Library of Congress Fact Sheet http://www.loc.gov/nls/reference/factsheets/copyright.html                    17 U.S.C. Sect. 121
  17. 17. http://openlibrary.org/subjects/accessible_book 2 million DAISY format books Openlibrary.org National Library Service  for the Blind and  Physically Handicapped  (NLS) users qualify. plus 150,000  modern  ebooks plus 150,000  modern  ebooks 17 U.S.C. Sec. 121
  18. 18. Storytime, Films, Music Showing films, playing music allowed for face-to-face instruction 17 U.S.C. Sect. 110(1) Or make FAIR USE analysis Music: ASCAP / BMI/ SESAC licenses Video: Movie Licensing USA
  19. 19. Fair Use   Likely Yes Likely No Purpose  Nonprofit  New purpose   .               +  Commercial   No new purpose  Nature  Reference,  nonfiction    Published    +  Fiction, Art  Music    Unpublished  Amount  Small amt  (relative to  whole   original)   +  Complete work  Heart of work  Market  Doesn’t hurt  market of  original       +  Hurts market or  potential market  of original  EVALUATE Each item and use See also FAIR USE CHECKLIST http://copyright.columbia.edu/ copyright/fair-use/fair-use-checklist/
  20. 20. Content You Can Use REPUTABLE SOURCES http://www.nolo.com/products/the-public-domain-PUBL.html
  21. 21. www.openclipart.org Dedicated to public domain CC0 Public Domain Dedication
  22. 22. For OLD works, check to see if public domain EXPIRED www.copyright.cornell.edu/public_domain/ Peter Hirtle Chart Life + 70 years
  23. 23. http://publicdomainreview.org/guide-to-finding-interesting-public-domain-works-online/
  24. 24. http://www.infopeople.org/training/finding-legally-safe-music-and-videos
  25. 25. creativecommons.org licensed for your use
  26. 26. Abide by License Terms http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.en CC Creative Commons License BY Attribution NC NonCommercial SA Share Alike ND No Derivatives (no translations etc.)
  27. 27. http://www.flickr.com/photos/faceme/393896393/ “police officer” Photo by FaceMePLS CC BY 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/facem e/393896393/
  28. 28. http://www.google.com/advanced_image_search
  29. 29. Citing Sources http://research.dom.edu/content.php?pid=441773&sid=3617282 To cite creative commons works, see http://wiki.creativecommons.org/FAQ
  30. 30. Library as Copyright Owner Register copyright online $35 • Protection upon creation in fixed format…. • But to get $$$ need to register, must timely register • (within 3 months of publication or before infringement begins) http://www.copyright.gov/
  31. 31. Get Permission www.nolo.com/products/getting-permission-RIPER.html
  32. 32. Charts and Tools at Stanford Fair Use fairuse.stanford.edu/
  33. 33. Protect yourself from users Copyright Agent Designate agent to receive complaints File simple form with Copyright Office Put agent contact info on website … Protects library from lawsuits Photo by FaceMePLS CC BY 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/facem e/393896393/
  34. 34. Example: Dominican UniversityExample: Dominican University Has your institution filed? Check directory http://www.copyright.gov/onlinesp/list/a_agents.html $105 One page form www.copyright.gov/onlinesp
  35. 35. Example Website Language:Example Website Language: Hershey Community ArchivesHershey Community Archives http://www.hersheyarchives.org/legal/terms-of-use.aspx
  36. 36. If You Get a Takedown Request Go back to ChillingEffects.org
  37. 37. Review Introduction Penalties, Flow Chart Library Copyright Preservation, Interlibrary loan Storytimes, films … a public performance? Content you can use Protect yourself from users Next time: Hot issues – ebooks, first sale, orphan works
  38. 38. MORE INFO http://research.dom.edu/ Guide to Copyright & Fair Use
  39. 39. Questions? Thanks for making it to the end!

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