Wide Emu 2011


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Presentation for WIDE-EMU digital humanities unconference on October 15, 2011.

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  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/46124960@N00/2677380041/in/photostream/Licensing provides even more opportunities for sharing and for using these materials in a variety of settingsoutside of the protected 4 walls of closed education systemsallows for teaching and learning to happen formally and informally. Creative Commons are the most used licenses for content but there are software licenses (GNU) that can be used. It also: increases the visibility of your workprovides new opportunities for networking
  • Increase the reach of your work: this is what you can do when something is made available under a creative commons license: you can build on someone else’s work and express it in a new way.
  • Open Access includes: free, permanent, full-text, online access to scientific and scholarly worksOER includes openly licensed educational content
  • “The idea-expression divide or idea-expression dichotomy limits the scope of copyright protection by differentiating an idea from the expression or manifestation of that idea.The case of Baker v. Selden was the first U.S. Supreme Court case to fully explain this doctrine, holding that exclusive rights to the "useful art" (in this case bookkeeping) described in a book was only available by patent; the description itself was protectable by copyright. In Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. v. Nation Enters., 471 U.S. 539, 556 (1985), the Supreme Court stated that "copyright's idea/expression dichotomy 'strike[s] a definitional balance between the First Amendment and the Copyright Act by permitting free communication of facts while still protecting an author's expression.'" (internal citation omitted). Additionally, in Mazer v. Stein, 347 U.S. 201, 217 (1954), the Supreme Court stated "Unlike a patent, a copyright gives no exclusive right to the art disclosed; protection is given only to the expression of the idea—not the idea itself.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idea-expression_divide (CC: BY-SA)
  • Copyright occurs automatically at the creation of a new work, when it is fixed in tangible form. This means that almost everything is copyrighted--not just published material but also your emails, your assignments, your letters, your drafts, your doodles, your snapshots, your blogposts.“Copyright subsists for a variety of lengths in different jurisdictions. The length of the term can depend on several factors, including the type of work (e.g. musical composition or novel), whether the work has been published or not, and whether the work was created by an individual or a corporation. In most of the world, the default length of copyright is the life of the author plus either 50 or 70 years. In the United States, the term for most existing works is for a term ending 70 years after the death of the author. If the work was a work for hire (e.g., those created by a corporation) then copyright persists for 120 years after creation or 95 years after publication, whichever is shorter.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright#Copyright_term (CC: BY-SA)
  • Translation" -- http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Translation.png -- PD
  • Work specifically within the internet to make it easy to create, use and find openly licensed content where others have proactively given you permission to use or adapt their work.
  • Tips and guides for finding OER.
  • Open Attribute is a suite of tools that makes it ridiculously simple for anyone to copy and paste the correct attribution for any CC licensed work.A simple tool everyone can use to do the right thing with the click of a button.OERGlue: a new tool (in beta) that allows you to take content from the web, stitch it together and add interactivity and assessment tools to build your own courses. OERbit is a Drupal-based publishing platform to share publicly licensed learning resources (OER/OCW) with the world.ccMixter is a community music site featuring remixes licensed under Creative Commons where you can listen to, sample, mash-up, or interact with music in whatever way you want.
  • “Share your ideas” by britbohlinger CC: BY-NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/britbohlinger/4223755982/in/photostream/
  • Wide Emu 2011

    1. 1. http://open.umich.edu <br />Emily Puckett Rodgers,<br />Open.Michigan<br />WIDE-EMU<br />October 15, 2011<br />Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.<br />Copyright 2011 The Regents of the University of Michigan<br />
    2. 2. Share, Reuse Remix--Legally<br />“Realizing the full potential of the internet — universal access to research, education, full participation in culture, and driving a new era of development, growth, and productivity.”<br />“Another hat toss picture” David Michael Morris<br />
    3. 3. Some rights reserved: a spectrum.<br />Learning<br />Creativity<br />Sharing<br />All Rights Reserved<br />Public <br />Domain<br />least restrictive<br />most restrictive<br />Adaptability means…<br />Translation<br />Localization<br />Bridge materials<br />Innovation<br />Collaboration<br />
    4. 4. From THIS…<br />…to THIS<br />“3 Robots Remix” by jimyounkin CC: BY-NC-SA<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/jimyounkin/2383652/in/photostream/<br />“Untitled” by Erik B CC: BY-NC<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/erikb/2378157/<br />
    5. 5. Do you own copyright to the educational resources you produce as a faculty member?<br />If YES<br />or<br />If You can get your department head to agree…<br />Then<br /> You can make<br />Open Educational Resources are…<br />“Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others.” <br />Atkins, et. al. A Review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement. 2007<br />
    6. 6. The difference between OA, OER & OCW<br />OA<br />OA: Open Access<br />OER: Open Educational Resources<br />OCW: Open CourseWare<br />OAfocuses on sharing content, but no underlying licensing requirement.<br />OER includes any educational content that is shared under an open license.<br />OCW focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically to instruct a course (locally taught). OCWis a subset of OER.<br />OCW<br />OER<br />
    7. 7. Spectrogram<br /> <br />"All teachers should share the learning materials they create on the open web with open licenses so that others can make adaptations from them.”<br />CC: BY-NC-ND “Red Rover, Red Rover, send Johnny right over” by Phillip Jeffrey<br /><ul><li>Line up across lines in Agree/Disagree.
    8. 8. Why did you stand where you did?</li></li></ul><li>Copyright Basics<br />Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U. S. Code) to the authors of “original works of authorship,” including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works.<br />http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ1.pdf<br />
    9. 9. Copyright: All Rights Reserved<br />Copyright covers:<br /><ul><li>Maps
    10. 10. Dramatic works
    11. 11. Paintings
    12. 12. Photographs
    13. 13. Sound recordings
    14. 14. Motion pictures
    15. 15. Computer programs
    16. 16. and more…</li></ul>It is designed to protect the expression of ideas but not the ideas themselves, nor does it protect effort.<br />Visit U-M’s Copyright Office in the Library or visit their website at http://www.lib.umich.edu/copyright for more information and resources on copyright at the University of Michigan.<br />
    17. 17. Copyright holders hold exclusive right to do <br />and to authorize others to:<br />Reproduce the work in whole or in part<br />Prepare derivative works, such as translations, dramatizations, and musical arrangements<br />Distribute copies of the work by sale, gift, rental, or loan<br />Publicly perform the work<br />Publicly display the work<br />US Copyright Act of 1976, Section 106<br />
    18. 18. Under © it is illegal to:<br />Translate works (derivative)<br />Use someone else’s photo, slide, quote (without permission)<br />Dramatize a work (derivative)<br />Reproduce in whole or in part (without permission)<br />Make copies of a work (distribution)<br />
    19. 19. Creative Commons Licenses<br /><ul><li>Machine Readable: CC Rights Expression Language (CC REL)
    20. 20. Human Readable: Commons Deed
    21. 21. Legal Code: Traditional Legal Tool</li></ul>Creative Commons<br />
    22. 22. Some rights reserved: a spectrum.<br />http://creativecommons.org/licenses/<br />Credit you for the original creation.<br />Credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. <br />Credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.<br />Credit you and use your work or derivatives of your work for non-commercial purposes.<br />
    23. 23. Author, title, source, license<br />Attributions page<br />Phalaenopsisaudreyjm529<br />Title slide: CC: Seo2 | Relativo & Absoluto (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/seo2/2446816477/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en<br />Slide 1 CC:BY-SA Jot Powers (wikimedia commons) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bounty_hunter_2.JPG | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/<br />Slide 2 CC: BY-NC Brent and MariLynn (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/brent_nashville/2960420853/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/deed.en<br />Slide 3 http://www.newvideo.com/productdetail.html?productid=NV-AAE-71919<br />Slide 4 Public Domain: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hummer-H3.JPG<br />Slide 5 Source: Undetermined from a variety of searches on Monster Truck Documentary<br />Slide 6 Source: Mega-RC.comhttp://www.mega-rc.com/MRCImages/Asscd_Mnstr_GT_ShockOPT.jpg<br />Slide 7 CC:BY-NC GregRob (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/gregrob/2139442260/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/deed.en<br />Slide 8 CC:BY metaphor91 (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en<br />Angraecum viguieri GNU free documentation orchi (wikipedia) <br />orchisgalilaea CC:BY-SA judy_breck (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.en<br />
    24. 24. Photos: Sure Bets<br /><ul><li>Wikimedia Commons
    25. 25. search.creativecommons.org
    26. 26. Internet Archive
    27. 27. OpenClip Art Library
    28. 28. Citizendium</li></ul>OERs: text, music, articles, etc. <br /><ul><li>OER Commons
    29. 29. discovered.creativecommons.org
    30. 30. OpenCourseWare Finder
    31. 31. OER Recommender
    32. 32. Wikiversity
    33. 33. CCMixter and Jamendo
    34. 34. MERLOT
    35. 35. Wikimedia Commons</li></ul>Photos: Advanced Search Option<br /><ul><li>Flickr
    36. 36. Picasa
    37. 37. Google images
    38. 38. Yahoo images</li></li></ul><li>Tools you can use: <br />All legal. (and there are lots more.)<br />openattribute.com<br />oerglue.com<br />open.umich.edu/oerbit<br />ccmixter.org<br />
    39. 39. This slide is inserted as the first slide/page of all published materials. <br />Author<br />Year<br />Author(s): John Doe, MD; Jane Doe, PhD, 2009<br />License: Unless otherwise noted, this material is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License: <br />http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ <br />License<br />Name<br />License URL (how search engines find CC materials)<br />General<br />Disclaimer<br />We have reviewed this material in accordance with U.S. Copyright Law and have tried to maximize your ability to use, share, and adapt it. The citation key on the following slide provides information about how you may share and adapt this material.<br />Copyright holders of content included in this material should contact open.michigan@umich.edu with any questions, corrections, or clarification regarding the use of content.<br />For more information about how to cite these materials visit http://open.umich.edu/education/about/terms-of-use.<br />Any medical information in this material is intended to inform and educate and is not a tool for self-diagnosis or a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional. Please speak to your physician if you have questions about your medical condition.<br />Viewer discretion is advised: Some medical content is graphic and may not be suitable for all viewers.<br />Contact info<br />Medical<br />Disclaimer<br />University Branding<br />License Image<br />
    40. 40. AttributionKeyfor more information see: http://open.umich.edu/wiki/AttributionPolicy<br />Use + Share + Adapt<br />{ Content the copyright holder, author, or law permits you to use, share and adapt. }<br />Public Domain – Government: Works that are produced by the U.S. Government. (USC 17 § 105)<br />Public Domain – Expired: Works that are no longer protected due to an expired copyright term.<br />Public Domain – Self Dedicated: Works that a copyright holder has dedicated to the public domain.<br />This slide is inserted as the second slide/page of all published materials. This shows Open.Michigan’s analysis of the content objects in the material. Knowing this may assist downstream users (especially those in other countries) in how they can and cannot use a particular object within the resource.<br />Creative Commons – Zero Waiver<br />Creative Commons – Attribution License <br />Creative Commons – Attribution Share Alike License<br />Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial License<br />Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike License<br />GNU – Free Documentation License<br />Make Your Own Assessment<br />{ Content Open.Michigan believes can be used, shared, and adapted because it is ineligible for copyright. }<br />Public Domain – Ineligible: Works that are ineligible for copyright protection in the U.S. (USC 17 § 102(b)) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ<br />{ Content Open.Michigan has used under a Fair Use determination. }<br />Fair Use: Use of works that is determined to be Fair consistent with the U.S. Copyright Act. (USC 17 § 107) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ<br />Our determination DOES NOT mean that all uses of this 3rd-party content are Fair Uses and we DO NOT guarantee that your use of the content is Fair.<br />To use this content you should do your own independent analysis to determine whether or not your use will be Fair. <br />
    41. 41. Assess and Clear<br />You must analyze the learning materials to determine if there are any objects that merit concern in regard to: Copyright, Privacy, Endorsements<br />CC: BY-NC-SA erasing by jimmiehomeschoolmom<br />This is the heart of the clearance process. During this step, you will choose an action for each content object embedded in your learning materials: <br />Retain<br />Replace <br />Remove and Annotate<br />Seek Permission<br />
    42. 42. DO<br />Ideas to put this stuff into play in your classroom? <br />Questions of application?<br />How does this apply to your own work?<br />
    43. 43. Contact: <br />Emily Puckett Rodgers<br />Open Education Coordinator,<br />Open.Michigan, Office of Enabling Technologies<br />epuckett@umich.edu<br />@epuckett<br />Connect:<br />open.umich.edu<br />open.michigan@umich.edu<br />Facebook<br />openmi.ch/mediafb<br />Twitter<br />@open_michigan<br />Events Calendar<br />openmi.ch/om-calendar<br />“Share your ideas” by britbohlinger<br />