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Copyright and Your Dissertation

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This workshop will provide you with a practical workflow for navigating copyright questions and legal considerations for your dissertation or thesis. Whether you’re just starting to write or you’re getting ready to file, you can use this workflow to figure out what you can use, what rights you have, and what it means to share your dissertation online.

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Copyright and Your Dissertation

  1. 1. Copyright & Fair Use for Digital Projects Copyright & Your Dissertation Office of Scholarly Communication Services Berkeley Library Rachael Samberg, J.D., MLIS
  2. 2. We’ll help you think about your stuff! You’re an author! You have rights!
  3. 3. We said you have rights Alavi, S. J. (2013). The Poetics of Commitment in Modern Persian: A Case of Three Revolutionary Poets in Iran. UC Berkeley. ProQuest ID: Alavi_berkeley_0028E_14033. Retrieved from: https://escholarship.org/uc/ item/9vn474vw
  4. 4. We’ll help you think about other people’s stuff Solution to Viscous Burger’s Equation https://www.researchgate.net/figure/The-solution-to-v iscous-Burgers-equation-11-with-e-0-04_fig1_228445669
  5. 5. Computational Design, Synthesis, and Structure Property Evaluation of 1,3-Thiazole-Based Color-Tunable Multi-heterocyclic Small Organic Fluorophores as Multifunctional Molecular Materials © Journal of Organic Chemistry Other people’s diagrams or images
  6. 6. Trieste, Umberto Saba, 1910 Ho attraversato tutta la città. Poi ho salita un'erta, popolosa in principio, in là deserta, chiusa da un muricciolo: Trieste, trans. Kline, 2012 I traversed the whole city. Then climbed a hill crowded at first, in the end deserted, closed off by a little wall: http://poetsofmodernity.xyz/POMBR/Italian/FiveItalianPoets.htm#anchor_Toc326225674 Or text...
  7. 7. And what it means to have permission Translated by A. S. Kline © Copyright 2012 All Rights Reserved This work may be freely reproduced, stored, and transmitted, electronically or otherwise, for any non-commercial purpose.
  8. 8. How will we dig in to all this?
  9. 9. WE’LL TEACH YOU A WORKFLOW
  10. 10. “Get me out of here! I already cite my sources!”
  11. 11. Difference between attribution & permission Dan4thNicholas, CC-BY, h2ps://flic.kr/p/8PEZiG Sakaki0214, CC-BY-NC-ND, h2ps://flic.kr/p/9jykF1
  12. 12. To flow, we’ve gotta know: What is copyright? Exclusive rights to make certain uses of original expression for limited period of time
  13. 13. Exclusive Rights ▪Reproduction ▪Derivative works ▪Distribution ▪Public performance ▪Public display
  14. 14. Original expression Protects expressions, not ideas or facts Must be original, authored, & fixed Ghana Statistical Service, “Gross Domestic Product 2016,” http://www.statsghana.gov.gh/gdp_new.html By Rachael G. Samberg
  15. 15. Limited period of timeVaries, but at least author’s life + 70 years… Which means that within “protected” period, permission needed to reproduce, display, perform, etc. Unless...
  16. 16. There are limitations. Public domain materials are not protected by coypright.
  17. 17. Public Domain Expired Copyright https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: Britannica_Shakespeare_Droeshout_Engravi ng.jpg
  18. 18. Public Domain Federal Government
  19. 19. And other limitations. Exemptions allow you to undertake exclusive rights without having to ask for permission.
  20. 20. Fair Use 17 U.S.C. § 107 The fair use of a copyrighted work…for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching…, scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.
  21. 21. e.g. Comparing visual representations of Turkey George Georgiou, http://www.georgegeorgiou.net/projects.php 1. Purpose & character Commercial vs. non-commercial; whether “transformative” 2. Nature of copyrighted work Factual/scholarly work vs. more creative 3. Amount and substantiality Size & importance of portion used in relation to whole 4. Effect on potential market Whether it supplants market for purchasing/licensing original
  22. 22. Still in © and use exceeds fair use? Need a license (i.e. permission) Can be pre-applied
  23. 23. The Flow
  24. 24. 1: Do you need permission? License already granted? In public domain? Would publishing be fair use? If yes to any, go to Step 3. 2: Seek permission if needed Research who holds copyright & send request Keep records Ensure permission covers all intended uses 3: Address non © policy concerns Contractual or terms of service restrictions from archives, databases, or websites? Rights of privacy or publicity? Register copyright? License your work? 4: How do you want to share? Copyright & Your Dissertation Workflow
  25. 25. 1: Do you need permission? License already granted? In public domain? Would publishing be fair use? If yes to any, go to Step 3. Step 1
  26. 26. Practice Applying Step 1 By Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (Author), Tom Lathrop (Translator), Penguin Classics
  27. 27. Practice Applying Step 1 Heme Molecule
  28. 28. Practice Applying Step 1 Heart By Tvanbr (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AAnatomy_Heart_Latin_Tiesworks.jpg
  29. 29. Layers of Step 1 Van Gogh, Irises, 1889, Getty Museum Stile Arte, 2011. http://www.stilearte.it/dipingere-come- van-gogh-tanti-tutorial/
  30. 30. Ensure permission covers all intended uses Keep records Research who holds copyright & send request 2: Seek permission if needed Step 2
  31. 31. Researching who holds copyright
  32. 32. Get permission for what you need “The image may be displayed in eBook format for a period of up to ten years only. All future editions, reprints, translations, or formats (including electronic media) must be negotiated separately.” Robert Rauschenberg, “Bed” Image file MOMA
  33. 33. Keep Records http://ucblib.link/nS
  34. 34. 3: Address non © policy concerns Contractual or terms of service restrictions from archives, databases, or websites? Rights of privacy or publicity? Step 3
  35. 35. Contracts: Databases Library License Agreements: EbscoHost ProQuest JSTOR ScienceDirect etc.
  36. 36. Archives I understand that permission to publish, or otherwise publicly use, materials...must be [granted by library] I understand further that the University makes no representation that it is the owner of the copyright... and that permission to publish must also be obtained from the owner of the copyright.
  37. 37. Website Terms of Use
  38. 38. Boston Museum of Fine Arts The use of the Website constitutes an acceptance of the following… 2. FAIR USE PERMITTED. Some materials are made available for limited non-commercial, educational, and personal use only, or for fair use as defined in the United States copyright laws. Users may download these files for personal use. (www.mfa.org) Terms of Use
  39. 39. Harry Ransom Center If you intend to quote extensive amounts of text, use other original content, or reproduce images from this site, please contact us for permission. http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/use/
  40. 40. Rights of Privacy Protect the people in the work Federal (e.g. FERPA & HIPAA) State (e.g. intrusion, private facts, false light, appropriation of likeness) Limitations: - Newsworthiness - Permission - Death
  41. 41. Step 4 Register copyright? License your work? 4: How do you want to share?
  42. 42. If they liked it then they should have put a registration on it? ● Copyright automatic ● Registration not required ● But it has advantages...
  43. 43. Do you want to license others to use it beyond fair use? ● Talk to your advisor ● Think long term (publishing book? etc.)
  44. 44. What would you like to discuss?
  45. 45. Copyright & Fair Use for Digital Projects THANK YOU! Let’s talk more… E-mail: schol-comm@berkeley.edu Twitter: @UCB_scholcomm

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