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  1. 1. Recruitment Dr. Desai
  2. 2. Introduction Recruiting – Once an organization identifies its human resource needs through employment planning, it can begin the process of recruiting potential candidates for actual or anticipated organizational vacancies. – Recruiting brings together those with jobs to fill and those seeking jobs.
  3. 3. Recruitment Definition : Recruitment – The process of locating, identifying, and attracting capable applicants to an organization
  4. 4. Recruiting Goals To provide information that will attract a significant pool of qualified candidates and discourage unqualified ones from applying. Factors that affect recruiting efforts – Organizational size – Employment conditions in the area – Working conditions, salary and benefits offered – Organizational growth or decline
  5. 5. Recruiting Goals Constraints on recruiting efforts include: – Organization image – Job attractiveness – Internal organizational policies – Recruiting costs
  6. 6. Recruiting: A Global Perspective  For some positions, the whole world is a relevant labor market.  Parent (Home) country nationals are recruited when an organization is searching for someone with extensive company experience to launch a very technical product in a country where it has never sold before.
  7. 7. Recruiting: A Global Perspective Host-country nationals (HCNs) are targeted as recruits when companies want each foreign subsidiary to have its own distinct national identity. HCN’s minimize potential problems with language, family adjustment and hostile political environments.
  8. 8. Recruiting Sources  Sources should match the position to be filled.  Sources: – Internal Searches – Employee Referrals/ Recommendations – External Searches – Alternatives
  9. 9. Recruiting Sources The internal search  Organizations that promote from within identify current employees for job openings: – by having individuals bid for jobs – by using their HR management system – by utilizing employee referrals
  10. 10. Recruiting Sources The internal search  Advantages of promoting from within include – morale building – encouragement of ambitious employees – availability of information on existing employee performance – cost-savings – internal candidates’ knowledge of the organization
  11. 11. Recruiting Sources The internal search  Disadvantages include: – possible inferiority of internal candidates – infighting and morale problems
  12. 12. Recruiting SourcesEmployee referrals/recommendations Current employees can be asked to recommend recruits. Advantages include: – the employee’s motivation to make a good recommendation – the availability of accurate job information for the recruit – Employee referrals tend to be more acceptable applicants, to be more likely to accept an offer and to have a higher survival rate.
  13. 13. Recruiting Sources Employee referrals/recommendations  Disadvantages include: – the possibility of friendship being confused with job performance
  14. 14. Recruiting SourcesExternal searches Advertisements: Must decide type and location of ad, depending on job; decide whether to focus on job (job description) or on applicant (job specification). Two factors influence the response rate: – identification of the organization – labor market conditions
  15. 15. Recruiting SourcesExternal searches Employment agencies: – Public or state employment services focus on helping unemployed individuals with lower skill levels to find jobs. – Private employment agencies provide more comprehensive services and are perceived to offer positions and applicants of a higher caliber.
  16. 16. Recruiting SourcesExternal searches Schools, colleges, and universities: – May provide entry-level or experienced workers through their placement services. – May also help companies establish cooperative education assignments and internships.
  17. 17. Recruiting Sources Recruitment alternatives  Temporary help services. – Temporary employees help organizations meet short-term fluctuations in HRM needs. – Older workers can also provide high quality temporary help.  Employee leasing. – Trained workers are employed by a leasing company, which provides them to employers when needed for a flat fee. – Typically remain with an organization for longer periods of time.
  18. 18. Summary : Major Sources of Potential Job Candidates
  19. 19. Decruitment Decruitment – The process of reducing a surplus of employees in the workforce of an organization
  20. 20. Decruitment Options