Introduction Recruiting – Once an organization identifies its human resource needs through employment planning, it can begin the process of recruiting potential candidates for actual or anticipated organizational vacancies. – Recruiting brings together those with jobs to fill and those seeking jobs.
Recruitment Definition : Recruitment – The process of locating, identifying, and attracting capable applicants to an organization
Recruiting Goals To provide information that will attract a significant pool of qualified candidates and discourage unqualified ones from applying. Factors that affect recruiting efforts – Organizational size – Employment conditions in the area – Working conditions, salary and benefits offered – Organizational growth or decline
Recruiting: A Global Perspective For some positions, the whole world is a relevant labor market. Parent (Home) country nationals are recruited when an organization is searching for someone with extensive company experience to launch a very technical product in a country where it has never sold before.
Recruiting: A Global Perspective Host-country nationals (HCNs) are targeted as recruits when companies want each foreign subsidiary to have its own distinct national identity. HCN’s minimize potential problems with language, family adjustment and hostile political environments.
Recruiting Sources Sources should match the position to be filled. Sources: – Internal Searches – Employee Referrals/ Recommendations – External Searches – Alternatives
Recruiting Sources The internal search Organizations that promote from within identify current employees for job openings: – by having individuals bid for jobs – by using their HR management system – by utilizing employee referrals
Recruiting Sources The internal search Advantages of promoting from within include – morale building – encouragement of ambitious employees – availability of information on existing employee performance – cost-savings – internal candidates’ knowledge of the organization
Recruiting Sources The internal search Disadvantages include: – possible inferiority of internal candidates – infighting and morale problems
Recruiting SourcesEmployee referrals/recommendations Current employees can be asked to recommend recruits. Advantages include: – the employee’s motivation to make a good recommendation – the availability of accurate job information for the recruit – Employee referrals tend to be more acceptable applicants, to be more likely to accept an offer and to have a higher survival rate.
Recruiting Sources Employee referrals/recommendations Disadvantages include: – the possibility of friendship being confused with job performance
Recruiting SourcesExternal searches Advertisements: Must decide type and location of ad, depending on job; decide whether to focus on job (job description) or on applicant (job specification). Two factors influence the response rate: – identification of the organization – labor market conditions
Recruiting SourcesExternal searches Employment agencies: – Public or state employment services focus on helping unemployed individuals with lower skill levels to find jobs. – Private employment agencies provide more comprehensive services and are perceived to offer positions and applicants of a higher caliber.
Recruiting SourcesExternal searches Schools, colleges, and universities: – May provide entry-level or experienced workers through their placement services. – May also help companies establish cooperative education assignments and internships.
Recruiting Sources Recruitment alternatives Temporary help services. – Temporary employees help organizations meet short-term fluctuations in HRM needs. – Older workers can also provide high quality temporary help. Employee leasing. – Trained workers are employed by a leasing company, which provides them to employers when needed for a flat fee. – Typically remain with an organization for longer periods of time.
Summary : Major Sources of Potential Job Candidates
Decruitment Decruitment – The process of reducing a surplus of employees in the workforce of an organization