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USS SAN FRANCISCO, CA-38 at Mare Island, CA. Circles show battle damage. Rear Admiral Norman Scott Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan
USS WASHINGTON, BB-56 Rear Admiral Willis A. Lee
USS MINNEAPOLIS, CA-36 USS ST. LOUIS
USS DENVER, CL-58 Rear Admiral Aaron S. Merrill, (left) working with a maneuvering board on USS Montpelier (CL-57), during operations in the Solomon Islands, 23 December 1943. Captain W.D. Brown is also present.
Destroyer CHARLES AUSBURNE, DD-570 Captain Arleigh A. Burke, Commander Destroyer Squadron 23, during operations in the Solomon Islands, circa 1943.
Old “flush-deck” destroyers during the interwar period.
Use strategy to frame the space – “active” OODA Become aware of doctrine Synergistic with strategy Create the “what” Allow doctrine to inform the ”how” Develop feedback loops between them Seek opportunities to evolve your doctrine; otherwise Tactics will lag Strategy will unravel
Strategic Agility through Learning Doctrine
• Agile Coach with Excella
• 20+ years of development
• Award-winning historian
Strategy and Doctrine
What are they… really?
Why do they matter?
“… deliberate search for continuing advantage…”
“… an emergent property...”
“It determines the means, establishes the boundaries,
and provides the goals…”
What is Strategy?
What is Doctrine?
“… the set of implicit and explicit assumptions
that govern the behavior of an organization.”
“It is what we fall back on when precise instructions are
Strategy and doctrine are synergistic
Effective strategy triggers the emergence of better doctrines
Better doctrines create the opportunity for more effective strategy
• OODA Loop
• Col. John Boyd, USAF
How do Strategy and Doctrine Evolve?
• Applies broadly:
• to Strategy
• to Doctrine
• to …
Image by: Wolfgang Beyer
Photo by: Paul Rutherford — UltiPhotos.com
• Developed tracking
(and tracing) solutions
• Small, “agile” team
(hardware, firmware, software)
• Poor focus
TracerNET’s Early Days
Thomas R Machnitzki
The New Strategic Goal
Make the top 5
The New Strategic Goal
• Focus increased
• We worked harder
• We realized we lacked
Strategy Transformed Our Work
Photo by: http://cdn.heavyequipmentguide.ca/
• Balanced Exploration and Exploitation
• Fleet Problems and tactical exercises
• Variability within the fleet
• No defined approach – little codified “doctrine”
• Learning was integral to the Navy’s approach
Prewar Learning System
• PAC-10: Current Tactical Orders and
Doctrine, Pacific Fleet
• Effective plans for “Minor Tactics”
• Enabled interchangeability of ships and
• Transformed fleet tactics
New Doctrines Emerge
Pacific Offensives 1942-
Aug 1942 – Nov 1943
Central Pacific Offensive
Nov 1943 – Oct 1944