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FRAME PARTS     & MATERIALSBY:
FRAME (OPHTHALMIC, SPECTACLE)A device for holding ophthalmic lenses in theproper position on the head, in front of theeyes.
FRAME
OPHTHALMIC FRAMEA frame for prescription or correctivelenses, intended for ordinary use, incorrecting or improving vision....
FRAMES
PARTS     OF       A           FRAME
PARTS OF A FRAME• A frame typically consists of:  A front (it holds the lenses)  A Bridge  A pair of temples (ear pieces) ...
PARTS OF A FRAME
FRONT• A component of an ophthalmic frame,  consisting of a bridge and eyewires.
BRIDGE• The supportive structural member  connecting the two eye wires of an  ophthalmic frame.
BRIDGE
REGULAR BRIDGE
SADDLE BRIDGE
EYEWIRE GROOVE• The recessed area of an eyewire, in  which the lens edge is seated, is called  eyewire groove.
EYEWIRES
HINGESPart of the hardware of the frameHinges attach temples to frame front.
HINGES
SCREWS
NOSEPADSAre available in variety of sizes.In fixed and adjustable forms.
NOSEPADS
TEMPLESAlso known as ear pieces.Fix the unit to the head.Have many types.
TEMPLES
TEMPLE TYPESLibrary TemplesRiding bow TemplesSpatula TemplesCable TemplesHeadband Temples
TEMPLE TYPESLibrary Temples:The style of temple that has almost nobend over the ear, originally designedfor ease of removal.
LIBRARY TEMPLES
TEMPLE TYPES Riding bow Temples: A style of temples, in which it bends around the ear.Useful for people, whose jobs are ...
RIDING BOW TEMPLES
TEMPLE TYPES  Spatula Temples Fit over the ear.Can be fixed or adjustable.Available in plastic and metal.
SPATULA TEMPLES
TEMPLE TYPES  Cable TemplesFit over the ear.Can be fixed or adjustable.Available in plastic and metal
CABLE TEMPLES
TEMPLE TYPESHeadband TemplesAre easily adjustable for a secure fit.Are useful for tasks requiring movement.
HEADBAND TEMPLES
FRAME RIMSFull RimSemi rimlessRimless
FULL RIM
SEMI RIMLESS
RIMLESS (THREE PIECE)
COMPARE
FRAME    MATERIALS
FRAME MATERIALS☺Metal☺Plastic☺Tortoise shells☺Wood☺Combination (plastic and metal)
METAL FRAMESCommonly used metals are:۞Aluminum۞Nickel silver۞Titanium۞Stainless Steel۞Cobalt & Beryllium
ALUMINUMStain resistantDurableLight weightPaintableStrong & rigidHeat conduction
ALUMINUM FRAME
NICKEL SILVER60% Copper & 20% NickelNo SilverRigid
NICKEL SILVER FRAME
TITANIUM•   Light weight•   Flexible•   Abberation resistant•   Passed the artificial sweat rust test•   Expensive & Color...
TITANIUM FRAME
STAINLESS STEELDurableFlexibleStrongNon magneticResistant to oxidationEndless color range
STAINLESS STEEL FRAME
COBALTDurableFlexibleLight WeightMany colorsRelatively Expensive
BERYLLIUMHardLight WeightStrong
PLASTIC FRAME MATERIALSCellulose AcetateCellulose NitratePolymide (A nylon)Acrylic (occasionally used)Carbon fiber (added ...
CELLULOSE ACETATE, ZYL• Most commonly used• Can be produced faster than other  plastic frames• Is more colorfast.
ZYLFRAME
CELLULOSE NITRATETougher than Cellulose Acetate.Thinner frames.Harder surface, so easy to polish.Easier to work on.Better ...
CELLULOSE NITRATE FRAMES
POLYMIDE (A NYLON)DurableLess weightFlexibleMany colors and designs
NYLON FRAME
PROPERTIES OF PLASTIC FRAME         MATERIALSDimensional StabilityColorfastnessMechanical durabilityGood thermal – electri...
TORTOISE SHELL FRAMES
WOODEN FRAMES
COMBINATION FRAME
Frame parts and materials by Sumayya Naseem
Frame parts and materials by Sumayya Naseem
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Frame parts and materials by Sumayya Naseem

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Frame parts and materials by Sumayya Naseem

  1. 1. FRAME PARTS & MATERIALSBY:
  2. 2. FRAME (OPHTHALMIC, SPECTACLE)A device for holding ophthalmic lenses in theproper position on the head, in front of theeyes.
  3. 3. FRAME
  4. 4. OPHTHALMIC FRAMEA frame for prescription or correctivelenses, intended for ordinary use, incorrecting or improving vision.Such a frame is not intended foroccupational or safety use.
  5. 5. FRAMES
  6. 6. PARTS OF A FRAME
  7. 7. PARTS OF A FRAME• A frame typically consists of: A front (it holds the lenses) A Bridge A pair of temples (ear pieces) Nose pads
  8. 8. PARTS OF A FRAME
  9. 9. FRONT• A component of an ophthalmic frame, consisting of a bridge and eyewires.
  10. 10. BRIDGE• The supportive structural member connecting the two eye wires of an ophthalmic frame.
  11. 11. BRIDGE
  12. 12. REGULAR BRIDGE
  13. 13. SADDLE BRIDGE
  14. 14. EYEWIRE GROOVE• The recessed area of an eyewire, in which the lens edge is seated, is called eyewire groove.
  15. 15. EYEWIRES
  16. 16. HINGESPart of the hardware of the frameHinges attach temples to frame front.
  17. 17. HINGES
  18. 18. SCREWS
  19. 19. NOSEPADSAre available in variety of sizes.In fixed and adjustable forms.
  20. 20. NOSEPADS
  21. 21. TEMPLESAlso known as ear pieces.Fix the unit to the head.Have many types.
  22. 22. TEMPLES
  23. 23. TEMPLE TYPESLibrary TemplesRiding bow TemplesSpatula TemplesCable TemplesHeadband Temples
  24. 24. TEMPLE TYPESLibrary Temples:The style of temple that has almost nobend over the ear, originally designedfor ease of removal.
  25. 25. LIBRARY TEMPLES
  26. 26. TEMPLE TYPES Riding bow Temples: A style of temples, in which it bends around the ear.Useful for people, whose jobs are active, or for small children.
  27. 27. RIDING BOW TEMPLES
  28. 28. TEMPLE TYPES Spatula Temples Fit over the ear.Can be fixed or adjustable.Available in plastic and metal.
  29. 29. SPATULA TEMPLES
  30. 30. TEMPLE TYPES Cable TemplesFit over the ear.Can be fixed or adjustable.Available in plastic and metal
  31. 31. CABLE TEMPLES
  32. 32. TEMPLE TYPESHeadband TemplesAre easily adjustable for a secure fit.Are useful for tasks requiring movement.
  33. 33. HEADBAND TEMPLES
  34. 34. FRAME RIMSFull RimSemi rimlessRimless
  35. 35. FULL RIM
  36. 36. SEMI RIMLESS
  37. 37. RIMLESS (THREE PIECE)
  38. 38. COMPARE
  39. 39. FRAME MATERIALS
  40. 40. FRAME MATERIALS☺Metal☺Plastic☺Tortoise shells☺Wood☺Combination (plastic and metal)
  41. 41. METAL FRAMESCommonly used metals are:۞Aluminum۞Nickel silver۞Titanium۞Stainless Steel۞Cobalt & Beryllium
  42. 42. ALUMINUMStain resistantDurableLight weightPaintableStrong & rigidHeat conduction
  43. 43. ALUMINUM FRAME
  44. 44. NICKEL SILVER60% Copper & 20% NickelNo SilverRigid
  45. 45. NICKEL SILVER FRAME
  46. 46. TITANIUM• Light weight• Flexible• Abberation resistant• Passed the artificial sweat rust test• Expensive & Colors are limited
  47. 47. TITANIUM FRAME
  48. 48. STAINLESS STEELDurableFlexibleStrongNon magneticResistant to oxidationEndless color range
  49. 49. STAINLESS STEEL FRAME
  50. 50. COBALTDurableFlexibleLight WeightMany colorsRelatively Expensive
  51. 51. BERYLLIUMHardLight WeightStrong
  52. 52. PLASTIC FRAME MATERIALSCellulose AcetateCellulose NitratePolymide (A nylon)Acrylic (occasionally used)Carbon fiber (added to frames to give strength andlight weight)
  53. 53. CELLULOSE ACETATE, ZYL• Most commonly used• Can be produced faster than other plastic frames• Is more colorfast.
  54. 54. ZYLFRAME
  55. 55. CELLULOSE NITRATETougher than Cellulose Acetate.Thinner frames.Harder surface, so easy to polish.Easier to work on.Better dimensional stability.
  56. 56. CELLULOSE NITRATE FRAMES
  57. 57. POLYMIDE (A NYLON)DurableLess weightFlexibleMany colors and designs
  58. 58. NYLON FRAME
  59. 59. PROPERTIES OF PLASTIC FRAME MATERIALSDimensional StabilityColorfastnessMechanical durabilityGood thermal – electrical insulationHigh resistance to chemicalsEase of production
  60. 60. TORTOISE SHELL FRAMES
  61. 61. WOODEN FRAMES
  62. 62. COMBINATION FRAME

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