Esl (4)Methods of English Teaching

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There are various methods of teaching English.Through those methods students are getting interested in English learning.These are through games,songs and even video films .These ways are not only structural and giving information by words but by miming and acting.

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Esl (4)Methods of English Teaching

  1. 1. A Discussion of Obstacles and Solutions to Language Development in an ESL Classroom
  2. 2. There are many techniques of ESL teaching found ever since learning started. The most important of them:-  The Communicative Method.  The Direct Method  FVR - Free Voluntary Reading.  The structural approach.  Total Physical Response (TPR).  The Silent Way.  Use of music  Story-Telling
  3. 3. The Communicative Method is  One of the methods in teaching that helps students to grasp their attentions which had been used ever since learning started till today .  In this method attempts are made to build strong personal links between the teacher and student so that there are no blocks to learning.  It provides a better learning environment in the classroom.  There is much talk in the mother tongue which is translated by the teacher for repetition by the student.
  4. 4. Direct Method :-most widely popular at the beginning of twenties  Lots of oral interaction –spontaneous use of language between first and second language .  Oral communication skills used.  Grammar structure was used indirectly.  Concrete vocabulary was taught through demonstration of objects or pictures.  No analysis of grammatical rules.
  5. 5. FVR - Free Voluntary Reading FVR - Free Voluntary Reading is simply allowing students to read materials of their own choosing without the pressure of rewards, book reports or testing.  FVR is the best way for the students to improve their language skills.  The pioneer of FVR and its research is Stephen D. Krashen.  Practicing FVR improves "reading competence, our vocabulary, and our ability to handle complex grammatical constructions. In this method a library should be accessible.  We have to access reading materials for each level e.g. Cambridge University Press, Oxford or Macmillan.  Simplified novels out of the CLASSIC Ones Such as David Copperfield, Robinson Crouse.  Fairy tales reading such as Pinocchio or Hansel and Gretal
  6. 6. • The structural approach-This method sees language as a complex of grammatical rules which are to be learned one at a time in a set of order. • Total Physical Response (TPR) TPR the learner responds to simple commands such as "Stand up", "Close your book", "Go to the window .”The instructor is the director of the stage where the students are actors. The method stresses the importance of aural comprehension. • The Silent Way: The aim of the teacher is to say as little as possible. It was too harsh a method .The teacher is too distant to encourage a communicative atmosphere.
  7. 7. o Use of music: At a beginners level, songs can be used to teach basic vocabulary. Colors, body parts, simple actions(and phrases), clothes and names of people are only a few of the concepts that can be taught through music". o Story-Telling A lesson plan that includes Story-Telling activities, allows students to be creative and fosters the natural approach to learning a second language. Tell a story of what has happened in the story they have read. o Role Play can be reality or fantasy based. It provides the students to experience with real life situation.
  8. 8. There are obstacles facing ESL teachers even they are using these methods  Students can hardly string a sentence even though they have attended YEARS of language classes.  They don’t have confidence in speaking their second language as well as being able to read and write in it.  Students are not really motivated to pay attention in their classes and they are not motivated to do their assignments
  9. 9. Many teachers refer their difficulties to do their jobs properly due to: • High level of indiscipline in the classroom. • Students’ lack of commitment to their subject- matter. • students don't seem motivated
  10. 10. The best solution for the ESL teaching is in Computer as one of the effective multimedia Kits for education Communication in class is a must. But How do the teachers provide students with the adequate type of learning that satisfy their curiosity .  In the High Institutes computers should be available everywhere. There have to be Multimedia Kits-a collection of materials involving one type of medium and organized around a single topic. Kits include CD rooms ,slides, audiotapes ,video tapes, still pictures ,OHT, Maps and the teacher centered with the students.
  11. 11. With these materials the teacher could play his/her role with a high efficiency. • Students can easily learn any topic through the audio –visual media. • Listening to a new language will not be a barrier. • Thus grasping a language from a native –speakers would be granted easily. • Then after that we as teachers can use the previous methods of learning beside the modern methods like watching a video-Films and listening to songs
  12. 12. Through Computers two prime methods sought:- Audio-lingual  Memorization of set of phrases. There is much practice of dialogues of everyday situations.  Much use of tapes ,language labs and visual aids.  Great importance is attached to pronunciation.  New language is first heard and extensively drilled before being seen in its written form. Drilling is a central technique.  Mother language usage is forbidden.  Grammatical explanations are avoided.  Communicative activities come after a long process of rigid drills and exercises.
  13. 13. The Lexical Syllabus- This approach is based on a computer analysis of language which identifies the most common (and hence most useful) words in the language and their various uses.  Your lessons will be topics focusing on various issues from current affairs to everyday issues. The teacher will expand on lesson topics helping students to increase their vocabulary, work on grammar, improve sentence construction and allow them to express themselves in the correct way.
  14. 14. Games can help students learn more effectively than traditional teaching methods. Here are some ESL Activities like fun  Reviewing Vocabulary`  Last 15 minutes left at the end of class write some vocabulary words recently learned.  The first student must say a sentence using one of the vocabulary words on the board, which you can then cross out. The second student must say what the first person said, plus a sentence of his/her own, using one of the remaining vocabulary words on the board. Each student will have to say everything that was said before them, and the last student will have to say the most.  The students may challenge you to say everyone’s sentences at the end!
  15. 15. Learning different tenses!  on Monday, you can ask the students, "What did you do this weekend?" Going around the circle, each student says a Past Tense sentence.
  16. 16. The second student must say what the first person said(using first pronoun and second pronoun)  “My name is Brian, and my favorite color is orange.”). The second person must say what the first person said (“His name is Brian and his favorite color is orange.”) as well as a statement about him/herself (“My name is Jane, and I have a pet cat.”). Each student will have to say everything that was said before them, and the last student will have to say the most.
  17. 17. ESL Flashcard Game: Around the World  Directions: Starting at one side of the classroom, have two students stand up. Then, show them a flashcard, and the first student to say it correctly moves on to the next student (the losing student sits down). The goal is to go “around the world”, reading the flashcards without being beaten and thus returning to the desk where you started.  This is a good warm up or review exercise. You might find that one particular student wins all the time.
  18. 18. Don't Say the Words Directions: Print and cut out the cards below. Have a student choose a card. The object is to get his/her classmates to say the boldface word at the top, but he/she cannot say the other words on the cards. In order to do this, students have to be creative with their English vocabulary speaking abilities. You'll be surprised with what they're able to come up with!
  19. 19. Nose face smell ear Table chair desk school Chair sit table Summer hot winter Door open close classroom
  20. 20. Computer game Internet Dog pet cat animal Socks feet foot shoe Phone call talk cell Money dollar buy give Cloud sky white
  21. 21. Good teaching Is More giving of Right questions than giving of the Right answers Josef Alberts THANKS YOU ALL FOR ATTENDANCE &Thanks FOR ALL THE TEACHERS WHO PARTICIPATED IN DEVELOPING THE TEACHING PROGRAM

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