Urban land use


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Year 10 KS4 lesson. At the end of the lesson students will be able to describe the changes of land use throughout a city, and identify the six different land use zones.

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Urban land use

  1. 1. Urban Land Use: Changes in a City <ul><li>Lesson Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>I will be able to describe the changes of land use throughout a city. </li></ul><ul><li>I will be able to identify the six different land use zones. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Urban Earth <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=wf7jU9xZgrA </li></ul>As you watch the video, write down all of the observations, impressions and feelings that you have from the images. Remind this kind of fleeting image of a place is often all we ever get!
  3. 3. Urban Earth <ul><li>What was similar with the houses at the beginning at the end of the video? </li></ul><ul><li>What differences did you observe? </li></ul><ul><li>Where these differences in stages? </li></ul><ul><li>Was there changes in transport, shops, open spaces and house? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you name any of the places which you saw in the video? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Urban Land Use Models <ul><li>Geographers have put together models of land use to show how a 'typical' city is laid out. </li></ul>Burgess or concentric zone model The Hoyt model <ul><li>Cities grow outwards in a series of concentric rings of land-use. </li></ul><ul><li>Center is the oldest and the newest part on the outer edge. </li></ul><ul><li>The quality and size of housing increases with distance from the CBD. </li></ul><ul><li>The quality and size of houses increases with distance from the CBD. </li></ul><ul><li>Modified from Burgess model following the development of public transport. </li></ul><ul><li>It suggests that transport and physical features were important, with industrial areas developing outwards in sectors along main transport routes (roads, rivers and canals) and housing growing up around these. </li></ul>
  5. 5. On your worksheet you have a copy a Urban Model which is a combination of the two models….. … but the key has not been coloured in to show the different types of land use. <ul><li>As we go through the slides you will find out what the main type of land use is in each sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Using a PENCIL shade in the key so that it matches up with your copy of the model. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the rest of the space in the table to note down some of the things you might find in each of these areas </li></ul>
  6. 6. Press on a sector to find out more information or press the arrow to finish.
  7. 7. <ul><li>THE CBD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Central Business District </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Department stores </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping malls </li></ul><ul><li>Offices, finance, banks and town halls. </li></ul><ul><li>Restaurants and cafes </li></ul><ul><li>Cinemas </li></ul><ul><li>Theatres </li></ul><ul><li>Historial and cultural building, ie. museums </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive land values </li></ul><ul><li>Transport centre </li></ul>This is usually the original site of the settlement. <ul><li>The CBD is located in the centre because it is: </li></ul><ul><li>A central location for road/railways to converge. </li></ul><ul><li>The most accessible location for workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible to most people for shops and businesses. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 19 th Century Housing <ul><li>Mainly terraced houses in a grid like pattern, which were originally built to house factory workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Many inner city areas declined in the late 20th century and have undergone a period of regeneration in recent years. </li></ul><ul><li>Terraced housing and factories are often bought by investors and improved to appeal to young professionals who need access to the CBD . </li></ul><ul><li>Small Corner shops </li></ul>INNER CITY Located just outside the CBD Houses built near to the factories so that the workers could get to work easily.
  9. 9. Housing 1920 - 1950 <ul><li>Larger houses usually with gardens (typically they are detached or semi detached). </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities such as schools, places of worship and parks are often present </li></ul><ul><li>Some rows of shops and a local supermarket. </li></ul><ul><li>Suburban areas are often home to commuters who need access to the CBD along main roads and railways. </li></ul>INNER SUBURBS Built for the growing population. The land is cheaper the further away from the CBD you go, so houses were built with gardens.
  10. 10. Modern Housing <ul><li>New houses and housing estates built to accommodate the growing population. </li></ul><ul><li>New shopping centres </li></ul><ul><li>Parks and other open areas </li></ul><ul><li>Suburban areas are often home to commuters who need access to the CBD along main roads and railways. </li></ul>OUTER SUBURBS Land prices are generally cheaper than in the CBD and inner city, although the desirability of housing can make some areas expensive.
  11. 11. New Industrial Area Industrial estates and business parks built since 1970, close to main roads. They are located close to main roads so that there is easy access for goods and employees .
  12. 12. Old Industrial Areas <ul><li>Along a river, canal or railway </li></ul><ul><li>Many old factories now closed </li></ul><ul><li>Area may look run down </li></ul>They are located near to rivers, canals and railways because they needed to transport goods in and out of the city.
  13. 13. 3 key words that are important on the bottom row 2 words on the middle row that have made an impression 1 question that you could ask Plenary Pyramid In your books, quickly draw the pyramid and fill it in.
  14. 14. Learning Outcomes <ul><li>I can describe the changes of land use throughout a city. </li></ul><ul><li>I can identify the six different land use zones. </li></ul>I agree, understood and am ready to move on. I understood some parts but I’m not confident. I disagree and I need to look over again