What are the main characteristics of a CBD? How many characteristics of a CBD can you spot in the next four slides?
What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? The Tallest Buildings Why? Public Buildings eg. Corn Exchange / Town...
Purpose built shopping centres providing undercover shopping experience Big Department Stores and National Chain Stores – ...
Public Buildings eg. Corn Exchange / Town Hall Very accessible – public transport & traffic management required due to con...
Entertainment – e.g. restaurants Entertainment e.g. cinemas (although increasingly these are moving further out of town) E...
THE INNER CITY (ZONE 2) Also known as the Twilight or Transition Zone
Zone 2 of the Urban Land-use Model – THE INNER CITY Typical style of housing in the Inner City Typical aerial view of an I...
 
When and Why did Inner City Areas Grow up? <ul><li>Developed during the 19 th  century – due to rapid expansion of industr...
What types of land-use are found in Inner City areas? 19 th  Century Terraced Housing Industry – large factories built dur...
Typical Characteristics of Inner City Areas <ul><li>High Density Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly terraced (some back to b...
 
Reasons for Suburban Growth   Reasons for Suburban Growth   <ul><li>Reasons for Growth of the Suburbs </li></ul><ul><li>Be...
RURAL-URBAN FRINGE This has lead to conflict due to different land-uses wanting to locate here (see diagram for examples)
APPLYING THE LAND-USE MODEL TO ST IVES
CBD  Inner City  Inner Suburbs  Outer Suburbs  Industry Tallest Buildings Shops Entertainment High Land Values High Densit...
Problems in Inner City Areas (since 1950s / 1950s) 1. Industrial Decline (see other notes) 2. High unemployment 3. Abandon...
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Ap Urban Land Use Recap And Renewal

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  • Ap Urban Land Use Recap And Renewal

    1. 3. What are the main characteristics of a CBD? How many characteristics of a CBD can you spot in the next four slides?
    2. 4. What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? The Tallest Buildings Why? Public Buildings eg. Corn Exchange / Town Hall Busy – lots of pedestrians Markets
    3. 5. Purpose built shopping centres providing undercover shopping experience Big Department Stores and National Chain Stores – why? What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here?
    4. 6. Public Buildings eg. Corn Exchange / Town Hall Very accessible – public transport & traffic management required due to congestion. Historic/ old street pattern – often some narrow streets Some of the oldest buildings What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here?
    5. 7. Entertainment – e.g. restaurants Entertainment e.g. cinemas (although increasingly these are moving further out of town) Entertainment e.g. pubs What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here?
    6. 8. THE INNER CITY (ZONE 2) Also known as the Twilight or Transition Zone
    7. 9. Zone 2 of the Urban Land-use Model – THE INNER CITY Typical style of housing in the Inner City Typical aerial view of an Inner City Area
    8. 11. When and Why did Inner City Areas Grow up? <ul><li>Developed during the 19 th century – due to rapid expansion of industry (led to the demand for workers) </li></ul><ul><li>As more moved to the cities – there was a demand for low cost houses for the workers </li></ul><ul><li>This resulted in high-density cheap housing (fitting as many houses as possible in a small area </li></ul><ul><li>People had to live close to work due to lack of transport </li></ul>
    9. 12. What types of land-use are found in Inner City areas? 19 th Century Terraced Housing Industry – large factories built during the industrial revolution (now some knocked down / converted) Canals and Railways Main Roads (often now ring roads taking traffic out of CBDs)
    10. 13. Typical Characteristics of Inner City Areas <ul><li>High Density Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly terraced (some back to back) </li></ul><ul><li>Built in Long Straight Rows </li></ul><ul><li>Front doors opening onto the street </li></ul><ul><li>Few Amenities (little or no sanitation (often built with toilet in Back Yard </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly Ethnic Minorities, students, older people and unemployed (lower income groups) </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly private / rented </li></ul>
    11. 15. Reasons for Suburban Growth Reasons for Suburban Growth <ul><li>Reasons for Growth of the Suburbs </li></ul><ul><li>Better public transport and increased car ownership meant people could separate work from where they live. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Building societies provided mortgages making it easier to buy homes </li></ul><ul><li>3. People were better off and looking for a better living environment. </li></ul>INNER AND OUTER SUBURBS
    12. 16. RURAL-URBAN FRINGE This has lead to conflict due to different land-uses wanting to locate here (see diagram for examples)
    13. 17. APPLYING THE LAND-USE MODEL TO ST IVES
    14. 18. CBD Inner City Inner Suburbs Outer Suburbs Industry Tallest Buildings Shops Entertainment High Land Values High Density Terraced Housing Some old factories Semi-detached housing Some greenery Gardens Low density housing Large detached houses Garages Gardens Rural-urban fringe Industry Retail Units Car parking space URBAN LAND-USE TRANSECT IN ST IVES
    15. 19. Problems in Inner City Areas (since 1950s / 1950s) 1. Industrial Decline (see other notes) 2. High unemployment 3. Abandoned Warehouses – eyesore and led to vandalism 4. High Crime Rates 5. Poor Quality Housing 6. Overcrowding 7. Lack of Open Space 8. Lack of Parking Spaces 9. Atmospheric Pollution (factories / traffic) 10. Lots of heavy traffic (for industry) <ul><li>Look at p21 and see what problems are associated with the inner city. </li></ul>

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