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Guidelines of e-waste disposal in nepal

This document provides guidelines for the disposal of e-waste in Nepal. It defines e-waste as discarded electronic devices and discusses some of the problems posed by e-waste, such as growing volumes and environmental and health effects. It notes that Nepal produces around 18,000 metric tons of e-waste per year. While Nepal lacks dedicated e-waste management guidelines, the Solid Waste Management Act of 2011 addresses industrial and hazardous waste disposal. The document outlines rules for managing solid waste and concludes by emphasizing the need for increased e-waste awareness, reuse/recycling, and government action to reduce improper e-waste disposal.

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Guidelines for
disposal of
e-waste in Nepal
Today’s electronic
Gadgets
Tomorrow's electronic
Waste…!!
2
2
Hello !
I am
Sakshi Singh
Harshika Agrawal
Garima Chettri
We are here to present you about
guidelines for disposal of e-waste
in nepal
3
CONTENTS
 What is e-waste ?
 Why is e-waste a problem ?
 Present status : emerging challenges
 Statistics
 Solid waste management system in
Nepal
 Rules , Policies related to solid waste
management
 Do’s & Don'ts
 Conclusion
4
E- waste ?
What is
5
Electronic waste or
e-waste describes
discarded electrical
or electronic
devices. Used
electronics which
are destined for
refurbishment,
reuse, resale,
salvage recycling
through material
recovery, or disposal
are also considered
e-waste .
6

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Guidelines of e-waste disposal in nepal

  • 3. Hello ! I am Sakshi Singh Harshika Agrawal Garima Chettri We are here to present you about guidelines for disposal of e-waste in nepal 3
  • 4. CONTENTS  What is e-waste ?  Why is e-waste a problem ?  Present status : emerging challenges  Statistics  Solid waste management system in Nepal  Rules , Policies related to solid waste management  Do’s & Don'ts  Conclusion 4
  • 6. Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices. Used electronics which are destined for refurbishment, reuse, resale, salvage recycling through material recovery, or disposal are also considered e-waste . 6
  • 8. E-waste is the Toxic Legacy of our Digital Age. E-waste has following effects :- : ■ Electronic waste keeps growing and growing ■ Environmental effects of e-waste ■ Tons e-waste is shipped overseas ■ Health implications of electronic waste ■ Electronic waste and data security 8
  • 10. Present status : Worldwide, some 45 million tons of electric and electronic waste was produced last year alone, and this has been increasing at 7% a year. According to a study carried out by Nepal’s Department of Environment, Kathmandu alone discarded 18,000 metric tons of e-waste last year. Increasing purchasing power, planned obsolescence of electronic gadgets and the lack of strict regulation on disposal has eroded the Nepali culture of repairing, reusing and recycling. Lead and lithium batteries from inverters, vehicles and solar systems make up a large portion of the e-waste in Nepal, and it saw a surge during the decade of severe power cuts. Nepal has accumulated an estimated 25,000 tons of battery waste, of which nearly 10,000 were from inverters and 8,000 from solar systems. 10
  • 12. The government does not have particular guideline for e-waste management yet but The Solid Waste Management Act 2011 addresses industrial and hazardous waste . 12
  • 13. Solid waste management act of 2011 -  Objective of the act include maintaining a clean and healthy environment by minimizing the adverse effects of solid waste on public health and the environment.  The act includes mandates the local bodies to take the necessary steps to promote 3R ( reuse, recycle, reduce ) , including segregation of MSW at source.  It also provides for the involvement of private sector, community-based organizations(CBOs), non-government organization (NGOs) in SWM through competitive bidding.  Managing solid waste has been accorded low priority because the demand is higher for the other public services in the municipalities in Nepal.  Physical factors , Socioeconomic factors, and consumption pattern influence the characteristics of the waste generated as well as technologies used for the treatment of the waste. And final disposal.  The Solid Waste Management Act of 2011 addresses industrial and hazardous waste , but there is no separate mention of e-waste. 13
  • 14. Solid waste management rules -2013  A committee may be formed in sanitary landfall site affected area.  Mobilization of NGOs in solid waste management work.  Management after closure of sanitary landfill site.  Determination of service charges.  Operation of the sanitary Landfill site  Transportation of solid waste:- a) Solid waste should not be visible , should not fall out and no seepage of liquid materials should be made. b) No leach and odor coming out from the waste. c) Solid waste can be easily loaded and unloaded. d) Conducive to the road capacity and condition. 14
  • 15. 15 DO’s ■ Refurbish and reuse the e-waste. ■Segregation of ferrous / non – ferrous metal and plastic. ■Recycling/recovery of valuable materials. DO ‘S & DON’T”S DONT’s ■ Please do not mix e-waste with your dry or wet waste. ■Do not dismantle your electronic products on your own. ■Do not store or dispose of e-waste in open area
  • 16. CONCLUSION : - E-waste has emerged as one of the fastest growing waste streams world wide today. - Electronic gadgets , without proper disposal c an cause environmental harm. - Reuse & Recycle is more beneficial than simple disposal. -Designing of products using environment friendly raw items can make change. - Awareness of e-waste should be given . - Government should take steps to reduce e-waste disposal. 16
  • 17. Team Presentation 17 Harshika Agrawal Sakshi Singh Garima Shrestha Chhetri