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Title:- Different Parts Of I.C Engine
Mechanical Engineering Department
Submitted By -
Name : Royal Y. Rewatkar
Section : B
Roll No. : 22
Sem : 6th
Faculty Advisor -
Prof. Kishor S.Rambhad
(Asst. Prof. Mech. Engg. Dept.)
Session 2017-18
Subject – Energy Conversion-II
TAE II: Technical Presentation
Internal combustion Engine Parts:
• Block : Body of the engine containing cylinders, made of cast iron or
aluminium.
• Cylinder : The circular cylinders in the engine block in which the
pistons reciprocate back and forth.
• Head : The piece which closes the end of the cylinders, usually
containing part of the clearance volume of the combustion chamber.
• Combustion chamberCombustion chamber :: The end of the cylinder between the head and
the piston face where combustion occurs.
– The size of combustion chamber continuously changes from
minimum volume when the piston is at TDC to a maximum
volume when the piston at BDC.
• CrankshaftCrankshaft :: Rotating shaft through which engineRotating shaft through which engine
work output is supplied to external systems.work output is supplied to external systems.
– The crankshaft is connected to the engine
block with the main bearings.
– It is rotated by the reciprocating pistons
through the connecting rods connected to
the crankshaft, offset from the axis of
rotation. This offset is sometimes called
crank throw or crank radius.
• Connecting rod : Rod connecting the piston with
the rotating crankshaft, usually made of steel or
alloy forging in most engines but may be aluminum
in some small engines.
• Piston rings : Metal rings that fit into
circumferential grooves around the piston and form
a sliding surface against the cylinder walls.
• Camshaft : Rotating shaft used to push open valves at the proper time in the engine
cycle, either directly or through mechanical or hydraulic linkage (push rods, rocker
arms, tappets) .
• Push rods : The mechanical linkage between the camshaft and valves on overhead
valve engines with the camshaft in the crankcase.
• Crankcase : Part of the engine block surrounding the crankshaft.
– In many engines the oil pan makes up part of the crankcase housing.
• Exhaust manifold : Piping system which carries exhaust gases away from the engine
cylinders, usually made of cast iron .
• Intake manifold :Piping system which delivers incoming air to the
cylinders, usually made of cast metal, plastic, or composite
material.
– In most SI engines, fuel is added to the air in the intake manifold
system either by fuel injectors or with a carburetor.
– The individual pipe to a single cylinder is called runner.
• Carburetor : A device which meters the proper amount of fuel into
the air flow by means of pressure differential.
– For many decades it was the basic fuel metering system on all
automobile (and other) engines.
• Spark plug : Electrical device used to initiate combustion in an SI
engine by creating high voltage discharge across an electrode gap.
Thank You !
Thank You !

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Different part of ic engine

  • 1. Title:- Different Parts Of I.C Engine Mechanical Engineering Department Submitted By - Name : Royal Y. Rewatkar Section : B Roll No. : 22 Sem : 6th Faculty Advisor - Prof. Kishor S.Rambhad (Asst. Prof. Mech. Engg. Dept.) Session 2017-18 Subject – Energy Conversion-II TAE II: Technical Presentation
  • 2. Internal combustion Engine Parts: • Block : Body of the engine containing cylinders, made of cast iron or aluminium. • Cylinder : The circular cylinders in the engine block in which the pistons reciprocate back and forth. • Head : The piece which closes the end of the cylinders, usually containing part of the clearance volume of the combustion chamber. • Combustion chamberCombustion chamber :: The end of the cylinder between the head and the piston face where combustion occurs. – The size of combustion chamber continuously changes from minimum volume when the piston is at TDC to a maximum volume when the piston at BDC.
  • 3. • CrankshaftCrankshaft :: Rotating shaft through which engineRotating shaft through which engine work output is supplied to external systems.work output is supplied to external systems. – The crankshaft is connected to the engine block with the main bearings. – It is rotated by the reciprocating pistons through the connecting rods connected to the crankshaft, offset from the axis of rotation. This offset is sometimes called crank throw or crank radius. • Connecting rod : Rod connecting the piston with the rotating crankshaft, usually made of steel or alloy forging in most engines but may be aluminum in some small engines. • Piston rings : Metal rings that fit into circumferential grooves around the piston and form a sliding surface against the cylinder walls.
  • 4. • Camshaft : Rotating shaft used to push open valves at the proper time in the engine cycle, either directly or through mechanical or hydraulic linkage (push rods, rocker arms, tappets) . • Push rods : The mechanical linkage between the camshaft and valves on overhead valve engines with the camshaft in the crankcase. • Crankcase : Part of the engine block surrounding the crankshaft. – In many engines the oil pan makes up part of the crankcase housing. • Exhaust manifold : Piping system which carries exhaust gases away from the engine cylinders, usually made of cast iron .
  • 5. • Intake manifold :Piping system which delivers incoming air to the cylinders, usually made of cast metal, plastic, or composite material. – In most SI engines, fuel is added to the air in the intake manifold system either by fuel injectors or with a carburetor. – The individual pipe to a single cylinder is called runner. • Carburetor : A device which meters the proper amount of fuel into the air flow by means of pressure differential. – For many decades it was the basic fuel metering system on all automobile (and other) engines. • Spark plug : Electrical device used to initiate combustion in an SI engine by creating high voltage discharge across an electrode gap.