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1 of 11
Introduction
• An axial compressor is a machine that can continuously
pressurize gases.
• The energy level of the fluid increases as it flows through the
compressor due action of the rotor blades which exert a
torque on the fluid. The stationary blades slow the fluid,
converting the circumferential component of flow into
pressure.
• Axial flow compressors produce a continuous flow of
compressed gas, and have the benefits of high efficiency and
large mass flow rate, particularly in relation to their size and
cross-section.
• They do, however, require several rows of airfoils to achieve
a large pressure rise, making them complex and expensive
relative to other designs (e.g. centrifugal compressors).
Slide no 2
• Axial compressors are integral to the design of
large gas turbines such as jet engines, high speed ship
engines, and small scale power stations.
• They are also used in industrial applications such as
large volume air separation plants, blast furnace air,
fluid catalytic cracking air, and propane
dehydrogenation.
• Due to high performance, high reliability and flexible
operation during the flight envelope, they are also used
in aerospace engines.
Compressor of a Jet Engine
Working
Slide no 3
• As the fluid enters and leaves in the axial
direction, the centrifugal component in the
energy equation does not come into play.
Here the compression is fully based on
diffusing action of the passages.
• The diffusing action in stator converts
absolute kinetic head of the fluid into rise in
pressure.
• The relative kinetic head in the energy
equation is a term that exists only because of
the rotation of the rotor.
Slide no -4
Working
Working
• The rotor reduces the relative kinetic head of the
fluid and adds it to the absolute kinetic head of the
fluid i.e., the impact of the rotor on the fluid
particles increases its velocity (absolute) and
thereby reduces the relative velocity between the
fluid and the rotor.
• Designing the rotor passage with a diffusing
capability can produce a pressure rise in addition
to its normal functioning. This produces greater
pressure rise per stage which constitutes a stator
and a rotor together.
Working
Description
• A shaft drives a central drum, retained by
bearings, which has a number of annular
airfoil rows attached usually in pairs, one
rotating and one stationary attached to a
stationary tubular casing.
• A pair of rotating and stationary airfoils is
called a stage.
• The rotating airfoils, also known as blades or
rotors, accelerate the fluid.
Performance Characteristics
• A nonlinear model is developed to predict the
transient response of a compression system
subsequent to a perturbation from steady
operating conditions.
• It is found that for the system investigated there is
an important non-dimensional parameter on which
this response depends. Whether this parameter is
above or below a critical value determines which
mode of compressor instability, rotating stall or
surge, will be encountered at the stall line.
Axial flow compressor

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Axial flow compressor

  • 1. Introduction • An axial compressor is a machine that can continuously pressurize gases. • The energy level of the fluid increases as it flows through the compressor due action of the rotor blades which exert a torque on the fluid. The stationary blades slow the fluid, converting the circumferential component of flow into pressure. • Axial flow compressors produce a continuous flow of compressed gas, and have the benefits of high efficiency and large mass flow rate, particularly in relation to their size and cross-section. • They do, however, require several rows of airfoils to achieve a large pressure rise, making them complex and expensive relative to other designs (e.g. centrifugal compressors).
  • 2. Slide no 2 • Axial compressors are integral to the design of large gas turbines such as jet engines, high speed ship engines, and small scale power stations. • They are also used in industrial applications such as large volume air separation plants, blast furnace air, fluid catalytic cracking air, and propane dehydrogenation. • Due to high performance, high reliability and flexible operation during the flight envelope, they are also used in aerospace engines.
  • 3.
  • 4. Compressor of a Jet Engine
  • 5. Working Slide no 3 • As the fluid enters and leaves in the axial direction, the centrifugal component in the energy equation does not come into play. Here the compression is fully based on diffusing action of the passages. • The diffusing action in stator converts absolute kinetic head of the fluid into rise in pressure. • The relative kinetic head in the energy equation is a term that exists only because of the rotation of the rotor.
  • 7. Working • The rotor reduces the relative kinetic head of the fluid and adds it to the absolute kinetic head of the fluid i.e., the impact of the rotor on the fluid particles increases its velocity (absolute) and thereby reduces the relative velocity between the fluid and the rotor. • Designing the rotor passage with a diffusing capability can produce a pressure rise in addition to its normal functioning. This produces greater pressure rise per stage which constitutes a stator and a rotor together.
  • 9. Description • A shaft drives a central drum, retained by bearings, which has a number of annular airfoil rows attached usually in pairs, one rotating and one stationary attached to a stationary tubular casing. • A pair of rotating and stationary airfoils is called a stage. • The rotating airfoils, also known as blades or rotors, accelerate the fluid.
  • 10. Performance Characteristics • A nonlinear model is developed to predict the transient response of a compression system subsequent to a perturbation from steady operating conditions. • It is found that for the system investigated there is an important non-dimensional parameter on which this response depends. Whether this parameter is above or below a critical value determines which mode of compressor instability, rotating stall or surge, will be encountered at the stall line.