What is the Active Voice?Active Voice is a form of the verb which means that the action is performed by the subject: e. g. I (subject) gave up smoking (predicate) not so long ago.Compare with Passive Voice:I was invited to their house-warming party.
Verb Tenses Review Are Tenses Really So Important? The Verb tense expresses the time of an eventor action. Time and how it is expressed in writingis very important to English speakers. TheEnglish language has twelve different tenses.Today, we will review the meaning of each verbtense.
The Simple Present Tense Expresses a habit or often repeated action. Adverbs of frequency such as, often, seldom, sometimes, never, etc. are used with this tense: She takes a shower every morning. They always eat lunch together.
The Simple Present Tense This tense also expresses general truthsor facts that are timeless: The snow falls in December in Minnesota. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
The Present Continuous TenseThis tense is used to describe an action that isoccurring right now (at this moment, today, this year, etc.). The action is in progress: She is typing a paper for her class.He can’t talk. He is fixing the sink right now.
Present Continuous The Present Progressive Tense can also be usedto describe an action that is occurring in thepresent, but is temporary: John is living in Mexico, but he will move soon.
The Present Continuous TenseYou can also use Present Continuous while talking about some actions that have been arranged for the nearest future:We are leaving London at 8.30 tomorrow.We use Present Continuous while speaking about actions that annoy us:Mum is always phoning me when Im busy!
The Simple Past TenseWe use Simple Past to indicate exactly when an action or event took place in the past: I visited my sister yesterday. We went out to have dinner last night.
The Simple Past Tense The Simple Past Tense is used to describeactions and/or events that are now completed andno longer true in the present:I attended music school in 2010. (I don’t attend music school anymore.)I saw a movie every weekend when I was a teenager. (I don’t see many movies anymore.)
The Past Continuous Tense The Past Continuous Tense is used to talkabout an activity that was in progress at a specificpoint of time in the past. The emphasis is on theduration of an activity in the past:I was studying for an exam while my mother was cooking dinner.We were walking in the park at around 7 p.m. last night.
The Past Continuous Tense Past Continuous is often used with the SimplePast Tense to show that one action was in progresswhen another action occurred:I was taking a bath when the doorbell rang.They were eating dinner when the neighbors rang them.
The Present Perfect Tense The Present Perfect Tense is used to talk about an event that began in the past and has the result in the present: He has already planted all trees in the garden.(We can see the result of his work.)
The Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect is also used to talk about anevent that was completed in the past, but thespecific time of the event is not important: I have seen that movie before. He has already visited Vietnam. (Specific dates and times are not mentioned.)
The Present Perfect Continuous This tense is used to describe the duration ofan action that began in the past and continuesinto the present: He has been studying grammar for an hour. She has been cooking all day. (He is still studying and she is still cooking.)
Present Perfect Continuous This tense is also used to describe events that have been in progress recently and are rather temporary:She has been living in Wales for the last two months, but she plans to move soon.
The Past Perfect Tense This tense describes completed events that took place in the past before another past event: had received it hit had eaten my friend stopped by The Titanic had received many warnings before it hit the iceberg.I had already eaten when my friend stopped by to visit.
Past Perfect Continuous This tense is used to emphasize the duration ofan action that was completed before anotheraction or event in the past: had been driving she found the right officeShe had been driving around the city for three hours before she finally found the right office.
The Future Will and be + going + to are often used todescribe future actions: Thomas will graduate in June. Maria is going to move to Mexico next week.
The Future Simple Present and Present Continuous arealso used to express future time. These are oftenused in connection with schedules: She is meeting a new client at eleven o’clock. The train leaves at 6:00 a.m. tomorrow.
The Future Continuous Tense This tense is used to describe an event or action that will occur over a period of time at a specific point in the future: at 10 a.m. tomorrow by the time you arrive I will be taking my driving test at 10 a.m. tomorrow.They will be cooking their Christmas dinner by the time you arrive tomorrow.
The Future Perfect Tense This tense is used to describe an event oraction that will be completed before another eventor time in the future: will have finished the exam class endsWe will have finished the exam by the time our class finishes tomorrow.
Future Perfect Continuous This tense describes an action that has been in progress for a duration of time before another event or time in the future: finishes law school will have been living in the U.S. for eight yearsBy the time he finishes law school, we will have been living in the U.S. for eight years.