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Sources of demographic
data
Dr. S. A. Rizwan, M.D.
Public Health Specialist
SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Learning objectives
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• At the end of this lecture you
should be able to
 Enumerate the various sources of
demographic data
 Describe the key features, merits
and demerits of the main sources
 Understand the local context
Dec 2019 2
Outline
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
Direct methods
• Census
• Vital registration
• Population registers
Indirect methods
• Sample surveys
• Other sources
Dec 2019 3
KSA demographics – 1/6
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 4
KSA demographics – 2/6
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 5
KSA demographics – 3/6
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 6
KSA demographics – 4/6
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 7
KSA demographics – 5/6
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
Population density in KSA 2010
Persons per sq. km of land
Dec 2019 8
KSA demographics – 6/6
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019
Population growth projections Population in top 20 cities, 2019
9
Section 1: Census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 10
History of census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Ancient (tax/military)
• Babylonians
• Persians
• Greeks, Romans
• Egypt – Palermo stone &
Sneferu
Dec 2019
The Palermo Stone, the fragment of the
Egyptian Royal Annals housed in Palermo,
Italy (2392–2283 BCE)
Large-scale census was taken around 2600
BCE (before Common Era) under the reign
of Sneferu
11
History of census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Modern type of census
• 1665 - Quebec
• 1703 - Iceland
• 1790 - US
• 1801/1841 - Britain and France –
popularised by the UN post WW2
Dec 2019 12
Definition of census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• “Total process of collecting,
compiling and publishing
demographic, economic and
social data pertaining at a
specified time or times, to all
persons in a country or
delimited territory” - UN
• Latin word - censere ‘assess’
Dec 2019 13
Features of census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Individual enumeration
• Universality
• Simultaneity
• Defined periodicity
• Precisely defined territory
• Census moment/time
• De facto/de jure
• Canvasser or household method
• Census validation surveys
Dec 2019 14
Uses of census – 1/3
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Basic national population data
• Also
• Trends in population growth
• Change in age and sex structure
• Cause of fertility, mortality,
migration, urbanization
• Religion and ethnic composition
• Analysis of economic development
• Future trends of population growth
• National, local, public and private
planning
Dec 2019 15
Uses of census – 2/3
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Useful for estimating,
calculating birth and death
rates
• Changes in the national
occupational and
industrial composition
• Levels of literacy and
educational attainments
Dec 2019 16
Uses of census – 3/3
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Estimating school going
population, military and economic
manpower
• Future growth of cities and
requirement of food, water,
housing and health services
• Revolutionary expansion of
economic, sociological and
demographic knowledge
Dec 2019 17
Information to collect
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 18
Example of a census form
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 19
Errors in census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Content errors
• Misreporting
• Age heaping
• Coverage errors
• How to evaluate errors?
• post-enumeration surveys
• data validation
• comparison with secondary
data sources
Dec 2019 20
Census in KSA
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Conducted in 1974, 1992, 2004 and 2010
• Latest: Population and Housing 2010*
• General Authority of Statistics, Ministry of
Economics and Planning*
• https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/13
• The five stages of Saudi statistical work and
associated royal decrees*
• https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/%D8%B5%D9%81%D8%AD%D
8%A9/statistical-sector
Dec 2019 21
Household information in KSA census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
1. Main source of drinking water
2. Main fuel used for cooking
3. Main source of light
4. Toilet facility
5. Household conveniences
6. Whether any death in the household
7. Information on the diseased person(s)
8. Sex, age, date, and cause
9. Level of education
10. Whether currently attending any school
11. Marital status
12. Age at first marriage
13. No. of children ever born alive
14. Any live births during last 12 months
15. Work usually done during the last 12m
16. No. of months worked during the last 12m
17. Occupation (type of usual work)
18. Industry (place of usual work)
19. Employment Status
20. Reasons for usually not working
21. Living arrangements of children below 16y
Dec 2019 22
Individual information in KSA census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
1. Serial number of household member
2. Full name and sex of the household
member
3. Age
4. Place of birth
5. Duration of stay at the present place
6. Reason for staying in this district
7. Residence five years ago
8. Whether able to read and write
Dec 2019 23
Merits and demerits of census
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Complete data
• High level of accuracy
• Useful for a variety of
planning purposes
• Frame of reference for
surveys
• Costly & Time consuming
• Data quality issues (e.g. age)
• Inadequate experienced staff
• Public support issues
• Limited data compared to surveys
• Under-enumeration of vulnerable group
Dec 2019 24
Public awareness campaigns
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 25
Public awareness campaigns
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 26
Section 2:
Vital registration
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 27
History of vital registration
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• 14th century - Parish registers in churches
in Europe
• Household and individual records in
China from 1750 forward
• 19th, 20th centuries - civil or state
registration established
• Mid-eighteenth century - Scandinavian
countries had a continuous system of
registering births, deaths and marriages
• 1837 - Civil registration system in England
and Wales
• 1854 – Scotland
Dec 2019 28
Definition of vital registration
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Defined as the continuous, permanent,
compulsory and universal recording of
the occurrence and characteristics of
vital events
• A major source of demographic data
• Aka civil registration or vital statistics
• First and foremost - legal documents
provided by the law
Dec 2019 29
Features of vital registration
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Universal coverage
• Continuity
• Confidentiality
• Regular dissemination
• Sample registration
system*
• Cause of Death*
• Verbal Autopsy*
Dec 2019 30
Information in VR
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Countries with developed
VR are able to produce
periodic reports on vital
demographic events
• Migrations
• Deaths
• Births
• Marriages
• Divorces
• Adoptions
Dec 2019 31
Merits and demerits of VR
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Continous data supply
• Complementary to census
• Satisfies legal and statistical
requirements
• Verification of census
• Inaccuracies
• Incomplete data
• Poor coverage in
developing countries
• Breach of confidentiality
• Lack of public support
unless legally required
Dec 2019 32
VR in KSA
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Ministry of interior, civil
affairs*
Dec 2019 33
Section 3:
Sample surveys
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 34
Introduction
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Household sample surveys
provide a cheaper alternative to
censuses for timely data and a
more relevant and convenient
alternative to administrative
record systems
Dec 2019 35
Information in sample survey
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Socio-demographic characteristics
• Conditions of living
• Well-being
• Peoples’ activities
• Demographic characteristics
• Cultural factors which influence
behavior
• Social and economic change
• Sometimes, fringe topics such as
criminal victimization, domestic
violence
Dec 2019 36
Feautres of sample surveys – 1/2
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Conducted in stages
• Select the study households efficiently
• Stratified, spread over geographic
sub-areas and population sub-groups
• Clusters of study households in order
to reduce costs
• Optimally balanced sample size
Dec 2019 37
Feautres of sample surveys – 2/2
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Most flexible data collection method
• Can investigate almost every
demographic variable
• Key source of data on special
phenomenon, that are not given by
census and VR
• Surveys provide a basis for updating
some census information
Dec 2019 38
Examples of sample surveys
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• DHS program* – USAID
• Developing countries
• https://www.dhsprogram.com/
• World fertility surveys*
Dec 2019 39
Merits and demerits of surveys
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Flexible method
• Lower cost
• Better quality statistical
information
• More feasible to engage better
enumerators
• Cannot replace complete counts
• Sample surveys and census
complementary to each other
• Lower statistical precision
compared to census
• Possibility of errors if poorly
conducted, false reporting
Dec 2019 40
Sample surveys in KSA – 1/4
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
Earliest ones
• 1991 – The Saudi Arabia Child
Health Survey
• 1993 – Reproductive Pattern and
Child Survival
• 1996 – Saudia Arabia Health
Survey
Dec 2019 41
Sample surveys in KSA – 2/4
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Statistical Yearbook*
• https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/193
• Methodology of the yearbook*
• https://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/default/files/uploads/
methodology_of_statistical_book_2018en.pdf
Dec 2019 42
Sample surveys in KSA – 3/4
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Demographic survey*
• https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/852
• Family health survey*
• https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/965
• Population estimates*
• https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/43
Dec 2019 43
Sample surveys in KSA – 4/4
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Economic surveys
• Labour surveys
• Household expenses surveys
Dec 2019 44
Section 3:
Other sources
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 45
Population registers
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Details about each individual are
continuously recorded.
• Scandinavian countries and some
other European countries
• Very good account of the
contribution of migration in
population change
• Disadvantages - infringement on
individual liberty
Dec 2019 46
International organisations – 1/2
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• UN
• https://population.un.org/wpp/Graphs/DemographicProfiles/
• Demographic Year Book
• Population and Vital Statistics Report
quarterly
• Human Development Report*
• World bank*
• https://data.worldbank.org/country/saudi-arabia
• World Development Report
• WHO – Annual World Health Statistics*
Dec 2019 47
International organisations – 2/2
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• UNESCO - Statistical Year Book,
education, literacy, school attendance
• FAO - Production Year Book
• ILO - Labor Statistics Year Book
• CIA – World Fact Book*
• Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD)
• Eurostat
• United States Census Bureau
International Data Base
• Human Mortality Database
Dec 2019 48
Local/national organisations
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Social security schemes like
unemployment allowance, old age
pension, maternity allowance
• Insurance companies
• Electoral lists
• Telephone subscribe’s list
• Tax payers’ list
Dec 2019 49
Other types of data in KSA
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Statistics of government services
• Hajj Statistics*
• And many more by GASTAT*
Dec 2019 50
Commercial/Private agencies
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Commonly government agencies are
involved in generating demographic data
• But private agencies also provide such data
for market research purposes
• https://www.euromonitor.com/saudi-arabia-in-2030-the-
future-demographic/report*
• https://www.globalmediainsight.com/blog/saudi-arabia-
population-statistics-2018/
• http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/saudi-
arabia-population/
• https://knoema.com/atlas/Saudi-Arabia
• https://www.esri.com/data/esri_data
Dec 2019 51
Purchasing power map
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 52
Section 4:
Local context
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 53
Challenges for KSA
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Environmental factors – high temperature,
house-to-house survey
• Desert environment
• Mobile/nomadic population
• Public acceptance for surveys
• Importance given to privacy
• High turnover of expat population
• Illegal immigrants
• Census not conducted periodically
• Lack of experienced people
• Cultural factors – male/female
Dec 2019 54
Take home messages
Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh
• Census is the most important and
comprehensive source of demographic
data
• Vital registration systems and surveys
are complementary to census
• All sources are essential for
administration and research
• You don’t ‘count’ if you don’t get
‘counted’
Dec 2019 55
Thank you!
Email your queries to sarizwan1986@outlook.com
Thanks a ‘7.746 billion’!
Email your queries to rabdulkader@moh.gov.sa
Dec 2019 56

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Sources of demographic data 2019

  • 1. Sources of demographic data Dr. S. A. Rizwan, M.D. Public Health Specialist SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • 2. Learning objectives Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • At the end of this lecture you should be able to  Enumerate the various sources of demographic data  Describe the key features, merits and demerits of the main sources  Understand the local context Dec 2019 2
  • 3. Outline Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh Direct methods • Census • Vital registration • Population registers Indirect methods • Sample surveys • Other sources Dec 2019 3
  • 4. KSA demographics – 1/6 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 4
  • 5. KSA demographics – 2/6 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 5
  • 6. KSA demographics – 3/6 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 6
  • 7. KSA demographics – 4/6 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 7
  • 8. KSA demographics – 5/6 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh Population density in KSA 2010 Persons per sq. km of land Dec 2019 8
  • 9. KSA demographics – 6/6 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 Population growth projections Population in top 20 cities, 2019 9
  • 10. Section 1: Census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 10
  • 11. History of census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Ancient (tax/military) • Babylonians • Persians • Greeks, Romans • Egypt – Palermo stone & Sneferu Dec 2019 The Palermo Stone, the fragment of the Egyptian Royal Annals housed in Palermo, Italy (2392–2283 BCE) Large-scale census was taken around 2600 BCE (before Common Era) under the reign of Sneferu 11
  • 12. History of census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Modern type of census • 1665 - Quebec • 1703 - Iceland • 1790 - US • 1801/1841 - Britain and France – popularised by the UN post WW2 Dec 2019 12
  • 13. Definition of census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • “Total process of collecting, compiling and publishing demographic, economic and social data pertaining at a specified time or times, to all persons in a country or delimited territory” - UN • Latin word - censere ‘assess’ Dec 2019 13
  • 14. Features of census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Individual enumeration • Universality • Simultaneity • Defined periodicity • Precisely defined territory • Census moment/time • De facto/de jure • Canvasser or household method • Census validation surveys Dec 2019 14
  • 15. Uses of census – 1/3 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Basic national population data • Also • Trends in population growth • Change in age and sex structure • Cause of fertility, mortality, migration, urbanization • Religion and ethnic composition • Analysis of economic development • Future trends of population growth • National, local, public and private planning Dec 2019 15
  • 16. Uses of census – 2/3 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Useful for estimating, calculating birth and death rates • Changes in the national occupational and industrial composition • Levels of literacy and educational attainments Dec 2019 16
  • 17. Uses of census – 3/3 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Estimating school going population, military and economic manpower • Future growth of cities and requirement of food, water, housing and health services • Revolutionary expansion of economic, sociological and demographic knowledge Dec 2019 17
  • 18. Information to collect Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 18
  • 19. Example of a census form Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 19
  • 20. Errors in census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Content errors • Misreporting • Age heaping • Coverage errors • How to evaluate errors? • post-enumeration surveys • data validation • comparison with secondary data sources Dec 2019 20
  • 21. Census in KSA Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Conducted in 1974, 1992, 2004 and 2010 • Latest: Population and Housing 2010* • General Authority of Statistics, Ministry of Economics and Planning* • https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/13 • The five stages of Saudi statistical work and associated royal decrees* • https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/%D8%B5%D9%81%D8%AD%D 8%A9/statistical-sector Dec 2019 21
  • 22. Household information in KSA census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh 1. Main source of drinking water 2. Main fuel used for cooking 3. Main source of light 4. Toilet facility 5. Household conveniences 6. Whether any death in the household 7. Information on the diseased person(s) 8. Sex, age, date, and cause 9. Level of education 10. Whether currently attending any school 11. Marital status 12. Age at first marriage 13. No. of children ever born alive 14. Any live births during last 12 months 15. Work usually done during the last 12m 16. No. of months worked during the last 12m 17. Occupation (type of usual work) 18. Industry (place of usual work) 19. Employment Status 20. Reasons for usually not working 21. Living arrangements of children below 16y Dec 2019 22
  • 23. Individual information in KSA census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh 1. Serial number of household member 2. Full name and sex of the household member 3. Age 4. Place of birth 5. Duration of stay at the present place 6. Reason for staying in this district 7. Residence five years ago 8. Whether able to read and write Dec 2019 23
  • 24. Merits and demerits of census Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Complete data • High level of accuracy • Useful for a variety of planning purposes • Frame of reference for surveys • Costly & Time consuming • Data quality issues (e.g. age) • Inadequate experienced staff • Public support issues • Limited data compared to surveys • Under-enumeration of vulnerable group Dec 2019 24
  • 25. Public awareness campaigns Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 25
  • 26. Public awareness campaigns Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 26
  • 27. Section 2: Vital registration Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 27
  • 28. History of vital registration Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • 14th century - Parish registers in churches in Europe • Household and individual records in China from 1750 forward • 19th, 20th centuries - civil or state registration established • Mid-eighteenth century - Scandinavian countries had a continuous system of registering births, deaths and marriages • 1837 - Civil registration system in England and Wales • 1854 – Scotland Dec 2019 28
  • 29. Definition of vital registration Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Defined as the continuous, permanent, compulsory and universal recording of the occurrence and characteristics of vital events • A major source of demographic data • Aka civil registration or vital statistics • First and foremost - legal documents provided by the law Dec 2019 29
  • 30. Features of vital registration Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Universal coverage • Continuity • Confidentiality • Regular dissemination • Sample registration system* • Cause of Death* • Verbal Autopsy* Dec 2019 30
  • 31. Information in VR Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Countries with developed VR are able to produce periodic reports on vital demographic events • Migrations • Deaths • Births • Marriages • Divorces • Adoptions Dec 2019 31
  • 32. Merits and demerits of VR Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Continous data supply • Complementary to census • Satisfies legal and statistical requirements • Verification of census • Inaccuracies • Incomplete data • Poor coverage in developing countries • Breach of confidentiality • Lack of public support unless legally required Dec 2019 32
  • 33. VR in KSA Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Ministry of interior, civil affairs* Dec 2019 33
  • 34. Section 3: Sample surveys Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 34
  • 35. Introduction Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Household sample surveys provide a cheaper alternative to censuses for timely data and a more relevant and convenient alternative to administrative record systems Dec 2019 35
  • 36. Information in sample survey Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Socio-demographic characteristics • Conditions of living • Well-being • Peoples’ activities • Demographic characteristics • Cultural factors which influence behavior • Social and economic change • Sometimes, fringe topics such as criminal victimization, domestic violence Dec 2019 36
  • 37. Feautres of sample surveys – 1/2 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Conducted in stages • Select the study households efficiently • Stratified, spread over geographic sub-areas and population sub-groups • Clusters of study households in order to reduce costs • Optimally balanced sample size Dec 2019 37
  • 38. Feautres of sample surveys – 2/2 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Most flexible data collection method • Can investigate almost every demographic variable • Key source of data on special phenomenon, that are not given by census and VR • Surveys provide a basis for updating some census information Dec 2019 38
  • 39. Examples of sample surveys Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • DHS program* – USAID • Developing countries • https://www.dhsprogram.com/ • World fertility surveys* Dec 2019 39
  • 40. Merits and demerits of surveys Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Flexible method • Lower cost • Better quality statistical information • More feasible to engage better enumerators • Cannot replace complete counts • Sample surveys and census complementary to each other • Lower statistical precision compared to census • Possibility of errors if poorly conducted, false reporting Dec 2019 40
  • 41. Sample surveys in KSA – 1/4 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh Earliest ones • 1991 – The Saudi Arabia Child Health Survey • 1993 – Reproductive Pattern and Child Survival • 1996 – Saudia Arabia Health Survey Dec 2019 41
  • 42. Sample surveys in KSA – 2/4 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Statistical Yearbook* • https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/193 • Methodology of the yearbook* • https://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/default/files/uploads/ methodology_of_statistical_book_2018en.pdf Dec 2019 42
  • 43. Sample surveys in KSA – 3/4 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Demographic survey* • https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/852 • Family health survey* • https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/965 • Population estimates* • https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/43 Dec 2019 43
  • 44. Sample surveys in KSA – 4/4 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Economic surveys • Labour surveys • Household expenses surveys Dec 2019 44
  • 45. Section 3: Other sources Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 45
  • 46. Population registers Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Details about each individual are continuously recorded. • Scandinavian countries and some other European countries • Very good account of the contribution of migration in population change • Disadvantages - infringement on individual liberty Dec 2019 46
  • 47. International organisations – 1/2 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • UN • https://population.un.org/wpp/Graphs/DemographicProfiles/ • Demographic Year Book • Population and Vital Statistics Report quarterly • Human Development Report* • World bank* • https://data.worldbank.org/country/saudi-arabia • World Development Report • WHO – Annual World Health Statistics* Dec 2019 47
  • 48. International organisations – 2/2 Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • UNESCO - Statistical Year Book, education, literacy, school attendance • FAO - Production Year Book • ILO - Labor Statistics Year Book • CIA – World Fact Book* • Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) • Eurostat • United States Census Bureau International Data Base • Human Mortality Database Dec 2019 48
  • 49. Local/national organisations Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Social security schemes like unemployment allowance, old age pension, maternity allowance • Insurance companies • Electoral lists • Telephone subscribe’s list • Tax payers’ list Dec 2019 49
  • 50. Other types of data in KSA Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Statistics of government services • Hajj Statistics* • And many more by GASTAT* Dec 2019 50
  • 51. Commercial/Private agencies Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Commonly government agencies are involved in generating demographic data • But private agencies also provide such data for market research purposes • https://www.euromonitor.com/saudi-arabia-in-2030-the- future-demographic/report* • https://www.globalmediainsight.com/blog/saudi-arabia- population-statistics-2018/ • http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/saudi- arabia-population/ • https://knoema.com/atlas/Saudi-Arabia • https://www.esri.com/data/esri_data Dec 2019 51
  • 52. Purchasing power map Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 52
  • 53. Section 4: Local context Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – RiyadhDec 2019 53
  • 54. Challenges for KSA Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Environmental factors – high temperature, house-to-house survey • Desert environment • Mobile/nomadic population • Public acceptance for surveys • Importance given to privacy • High turnover of expat population • Illegal immigrants • Census not conducted periodically • Lack of experienced people • Cultural factors – male/female Dec 2019 54
  • 55. Take home messages Demographic data sources SBPM, Joint Program – Riyadh • Census is the most important and comprehensive source of demographic data • Vital registration systems and surveys are complementary to census • All sources are essential for administration and research • You don’t ‘count’ if you don’t get ‘counted’ Dec 2019 55
  • 56. Thank you! Email your queries to sarizwan1986@outlook.com Thanks a ‘7.746 billion’! Email your queries to rabdulkader@moh.gov.sa Dec 2019 56