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BREEAM and Environmental Assessment Methods Amanda Gallagher EASLAR



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BREEAM and Environmental Assessment Methods Amanda Gallagher EASLAR

  1. 1. Sustainable Communities and Environmental Assessment Methods REN NET Conference 27th February 2015 Amanda Gallagher Easlár, BRE AssociateEaslár, BRE Associate
  2. 2. Contents • Defining sustainability • Why is sustainability important? • How do we encourage and measure sustainability?sustainability? • BREEAM • Greenprint/BREEAM Communities
  3. 3. Defining sustainability • Aspects of definitions often include: • Society enduring in the long term • Living within limitsLiving within limits • Understanding and managing the interconnections between economy, society, and environment • The equitable distribution of resources and opportunities
  4. 4. Defining sustainability • Brundtland Commission: "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” • Lowell Center for Sustainable Production: "Sustainable• Lowell Center for Sustainable Production: "Sustainable Production is the creation of goods and services using processes and systems that are: non-polluting; conserving of energy and natural resources; economically efficient; safe and healthful for workers, communities, and consumers; and, socially and creatively rewarding for all working people."
  5. 5. Why is sustainability important? • One Plant Living • If everyone in the world lived like an average European we would needEuropean we would need 2.5 planets: • If everyone in the world lived like an average North American we would need: 3.9 Planets
  6. 6. One Planet Living - 10 Guiding Principles Our climate is changing because of human-induced build up of CO2 in the atmosphere Waste from discarded products and packaging creates disposal problems and squanders valuable resources Travel by car and airplane is contributing to climate change, air and noise pollution, and congestion Destructive resources exploitation (e.g. in construction and manufacturing) increases environmental damage and reduces benefits to local communityto local community Industrial agriculture produces food of uncertain quality, harms local ecosystems, and may have high transport impacts Local supplies of freshwater are often insufficient to meet human needs, due to pollution, disruption of hydrological cycles, and depletion Loss of biodiversity due to development in natural areas and over- exploitation of natural resources Local cultural heritage is being lost throughout the world due to globalisation, resulting in loss of local identity and knowledge Some in the industrialised world live in relative poverty, while many in the developing world cannot meet their basic needs from what they produce or sell Rising wealth and greater health and happiness increasingly diverge, raising questions about the true basis of well-being and contentment
  7. 7. 8th USA 14th IRL 28th UK 42nd Japan Ecological Footprint of Nations 2010 28th UK Global Average Japan
  8. 8. What are the issues locally? • Ireland imports 88% of its energy requirements • High dependency on Fossil Fuels • Fuel Poverty • Rural Communities/Transport/Access • Emigration and economic recession • Housing Provision • Aging population • Ecological impact/environmental protection • Water charges • Town planning
  9. 9. Sustainability and Environmental Assessment Tools • Energy becoming increasingly important - BERs, Building Regs, EU Directives • Other issues in addition to energy - Water, Materials, Health& Wellbeing, Waste, PollutionMaterials, Health& Wellbeing, Waste, Pollution • Environmental Assessment Tools – BREEAM - Environmental Assessment Method for Buildings – BREEAM Communities and Greenprint - Sustainable Masterplanning
  10. 10. What is BREEAM? Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method • World’s leading and most widely used environmental assessment method for buildings • The BREEAM rating benchmark levels enable a client or other stakeholder to compare• The BREEAM rating benchmark levels enable a client or other stakeholder to compare an individual building’s performance with other BREEAM rated buildings and the typical sustainability performance of new or major refurbished non-domestic buildings in the UK • 4 key aims: 1. To mitigate the life cycle impacts of buildings on the environment 2. To enable buildings to be recognised according to their environmental benefits 3. To provide a credible, environmental label for buildings 4. To stimulate demand for sustainable buildings
  11. 11. Categories assessed within BREEAM ManagementManagement WaterWater MaterialsMaterials PollutionPollution WasteWaste EnergyEnergy Health and wellbeing Health and wellbeing WasteWaste TransportTransport Land use & ecology Land use & ecology
  12. 12. BREEAM Example Credits Man Management Credits Man 01 Sustainable Procurement 9 Man 02 Responsible Construction Practices 2 Man 03 Construction Site Impacts 5 Man 04 Stakeholder Participation 4 Man 12 Life Cycle Cost and Service Life Planning 3 Hea Health & Well-being Credits Hea 01 Visual Comfort 3 Hea 02 Indoor Air Quality 4 Hea 03 Thermal Comfort 2 Tra Transport Credits Tra 01 Public Transport Accessibility 3 Tra 02 Proximity to Amenities 1 Tra 03 Alternative modes of transport 2 Tra 04 Maximum Car Parking Capacity 2 Tra 05 Travel Plan 1 Wat Water Credits Wat 01 Water Consumption 5 Wat 02 Water Monitoring 1 Hea 03 Thermal Comfort 2 Hea 04 Water Quality 1 Hea 05 Acoustic Performance 2 Hea 06 Safe Access 1 Hea 07 Hazards 1 Ene Energy Credits Ene 01 Reduction of CO² Emissions 15 Ene 02 Energy Monitoring 1 Ene 03 External Lighting 1 Ene 04 Low and Zero Carbon Technology 2 Ene 05 Energy Efficient Cold Storage 3 Ene 6 Energy Efficient Transportation Systems 2 Ene 8 Energy Efficient Equipement 2 Wat 03 Water Leak Detection and Prevention 2 Wat 04 Water Efficient Equipment 1 Mat Materials Credits Mat 01 Life Cycle Impacts 6 Mat 03 Responsible Sourcing 3 Mat 04 Insulation 1 Mat 05 Designing for Robustness 1 Wst Waste Credits Wst 01 Construction waste management 3 Wst 02 Recycled aggregates 1 Wst 03 Operational Waste 1 Wst 04 Speculative Floor and Ceiling Finishes 1
  13. 13. BREEAM Example Credits cont. LE Land Use and Ecology Credits LE 01 Site Selection 3 LE 02 Ecological Value of Site and Protection of Ecological Features 1 LE 04 Enhancing Ecological Value 1 LE 05 Long Term Impact on Bio-diversity 1 Pol Pollution Credits Pol 01 Impact of Refrigerants 4 Pol 02 NOx Emissions 3 Pol 03 Surface Water Run Off 5 Pol 04 Reduction Light Pollution 1Pol 04 Reduction Light Pollution 1 Pol 08 Noise attenuation 1 Credits Man 01 Sustainable Procurement 1 Man 02 Man02 Responsible Construction Practices 1 Hea 02 Water Meter 1 Hea 14 Indoor Air Quality 1 Ene 01 Reduction of CO2 Emissions 1 Tra 03 Alternative modes of transport 1 Wat 01 Water Consumption 1 Mat 01 Life Cycle Impacts 1 Mat 03 Responsible Sourcing of Materials 1 Wst 01 Construction Waste Management 1 Wst 02 Recycled Aggregates 1 Innovation
  14. 14. BREEAM Scoring BREEAM Rating % Score Outstanding 85% Excellent 70% Very Good 55%Very Good 55% Good 45% Pass 30% Unclassified <30% • In addition to achieving the required score, ‘minimum standards’ must also be achieved for certification
  15. 15. BREEAM as a Requirement - UK & Northern Ireland A number of key bodies have implement BREEAM as a requirement, including: • Local Authorities throughout the UK • Scottish Government Health Directorates • Scottish Funding Council • Welsh Assembly Government • Central Government • Northern Ireland Executive
  16. 16. BREEAM Activity in Ireland A number of Projects have achieved BREEAM ratings or are working towards them in Ireland: - • Prisons - Irish Prison Service have developed their own version of the standard for all new build and major refurbishment projects. Midlands Prison completed interim assessment. • Universities - University College Dublin, University of Limerick, and DiT Grangegorman using BREEAM on new build projectsDiT Grangegorman using BREEAM on new build projects • Commercial Office Buildings - RDS Simmonscourt, Grand Canal Square Offices • Hospitals - Mater Hospital, National Forensic Mental Health Service Hospital • Council Offices - Roscommon Decentralised Offices, Dept of Education Offices, Athlone • Industrial/Multinationals - Danone, Diageo, Apple, Flavour Manufacturing Wexford • Utilities - Bord Gais Network Services, ESB HQ Dublin Greenbooklive -
  17. 17. BREEAM in Ireland • 18 Licensed Assessor Companies • 7 BREEAM Accredited Professionals • 12 Certified BREEAM Projects (post 2008) • First BREEAM Outstanding Building - Diageo Project• First BREEAM Outstanding Building - Diageo Project Phoenix Brewhouse • 5 BREEAM Excellent Buildings, 3 Very Good, 2 Good • 1 BREEAM In Use (Very Good Rating)
  18. 18. Case Study - Diageo Project Phoenix - BREEAM Outstanding • 1st BREEAM Outstanding Building in Ireland • Final Score - 90.96% • EPC - Zero Carbon Building (16 credits in Ene 01) • Innovation credits for Water, Transport, Management, VOCs, CHP • Highly efficient brewery in operation • LEED Platinum
  19. 19. BREEAM Communities and GreenPrint Standards • What are the BREEAM Communities and GreenPrint Certification Standards? SustainabilitySustainability Planning PolicyPlanning PolicySustainabilitySustainability ObjectivesObjectives Planning PolicyPlanning Policy RequirementsRequirements BREEAMBREEAM CommunitiesCommunities oror GreenPrintGreenPrint StandardStandard
  20. 20. The Categories Climate & Energy Resources Transport Ecology Business Community Place Shaping Buildings
  21. 21. Enabling Sustainable Communities • Reflects local variations and requirements • Provides certainty and verification on a development’s sustainability commitments • Enables developers to address, and planners to implement, planning policies and regulations with ease • Provides platform for achieving BREEAM certification at design & procurement and ultimately post constructiondesign & procurement and ultimately post construction stage • Reduces pressure on planning departments, helping approval decisions to be made faster at lower cost and with greater confidence
  22. 22. No grade <50% Good 50% – 64% GreenPrint Rating CLIMATE CHANGE RESOURCESBUILDINGS Good 50% – 64% Very Good 65% – 74% Excellent 75% – 84% Exemplar >84% TRANSPORT ECOLOGY BUSINESS PLACEMAKING COMMUNITY
  23. 23. Contact details Amanda Gallagher Easlár Tel: +353 879249221