WHAT IS POLITICS?
Politics is the set of activities that are
associated with making
decisions in groups, or other forms
of power relations among individuals,
such as the distribution
of resources or status
HOW POLITICS STARTED IN
The era of pre-Dravidian politics of Tamil Nadu is dominated by the Indian
National Congress (INC). The Indian National Congress was the ruling party of
Tamil Nadu for the first twenty years after independence, until a Dravidian
party, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), swept the 1967
elections. Power has since shifted between the two major Dravidian parties of
the state, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and the All India Anna Dravida
Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK).
K. Kamaraj was the most influential leader during the Congress era in Tamil
Nadu.Kamaraj was instrumental in the ascension and downfall of the first six
Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu following independence: T. Prakasam, O.P.
Ramaswamy Reddiar, Kumaraswamy Raja, C. Rajagopalachari, M.
Bhakthavatsalam, and himself. Kamaraj originally threw his support behind T.
Prakasam to prevent C. Rajagopalachari from becoming Chief Minister in
1946, however, Kamaraj felt it was too difficult to control Prakasam as he was
Telugu and didn't feel the need to report to the Tamil Nadu Congress
Kamaraj facilitated the ouster of Prakasam and the ascension of O.P.
Ramaswamy Reddiar as Chief Minister in 1947.Ramaswamy and
Kamaraj eventually had a falling out which led to Ramaswamy's
downfall though he was Tamil and originally became Chief Minister
with Kamaraj's support.Kamaraj eventually elevated Kumaraswamy
Raja to the position of Chief Minister in 1949—a position which
Raja retained till he lost his seat in the general election of 1952.
The general election of 1952 temporarily reduced the Congress Party
to a minority in the state legislative assembly. Though Congress held
the most seats in the state legislative assembly—152 out of 375, they
did not meet the required 188 seats to prove a governing majority. In
response, communist parties began to build a post-election coalition
challenging the Congress party.
The coalition, the United Democratic Front (UDF), comprised 30
independents as well as the Communist Party of India (CPI) and CPI
backed independents, Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (KMPP), Tamil
Nadu Toilers Party, Commonweal Party, Forward Block (Marxist
Group) also known as FBL (MG), All India Scheduled Caste
Federation (SCF), and Justice Party (JUSP).With 166 legislative
seats, the UDF staked their claim to form a government.
But,the coalition government failed.
Next government was formed by Kamarajar . He ruled for years ,he
was one of the successful leader in TN politics.
Kumaraswami Kamaraj (15 July 1903– 2 October 1975),
popularly known as Kamarajar was an Indian independence
activist and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Madras
State (Tamil Nadu) from 13 April 1954 to 2 October 1963. He was
the founder and the president of the Indian National Congress
(Organisation), widely acknowledged as the "Kingmaker" in Indian
politics during the 1960s. He also served as the president of
the Indian National Congress for two terms i.e. four years between
1964–1967 and was responsible for the elevation of Lal Bahadur
Shastri to the position of Prime Minister of India after Nehru's death
and Indira Gandhi after Shastri's death. He was the Member of
Parliament, Lok Sabha during 1952–1954 and 1969–1975. He was
known for his simplicity and integrity. He played a major role in
developing the infrastructure of the Madras state and worked to
improve the quality of life of the needy and the disadvantaged.
Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran (17 January 1917
– 24 December 1987), also popularly known as M.G.R.,
was an Indian politician, actor, philanthropist, and
filmmaker who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil
Nadu from 1977 until his death in 1987. He was
the AIADMK's founder and J. Jayalalithaa's mentor.On
19 March 1988, M.G.R. was posthumously awarded
the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.
Jayaram Jayalalithaa (24 February 1948 – 5 December
2016) was an Indian politician and actress who served
as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for more than fourteen
years over six terms between 1991 and 2016. From 9
February 1989 to 5 December 2016, she was the 5th and
longest-serving general secretary of the All India Anna
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK),a Dravidian
party whose cadre revered her as their "Amma" (Mother)
and "Puratchi Thalaivi" (Revolutionary leader).Her
critics in the media and the opposition accused her of
fostering a personality cult and of demanding absolute
loyalty from AIADMK legislators and ministers
Muthuvel Karunanidhi (3 June 1924 – 7 August 2018) was an
Indian writer and politician who served as Chief Minister of Tamil
Nadu for almost two decades over five terms between 1969 and
2011. He was popularly referred to as Kalaignar (Artist)
and Mutthamizh Arignar (Tamil Scholar) for his contributions to
Tamil literature. He had the longest tenure as Chief Minister of
Tamil Nadu with 6,863 days in office. He was also a long-standing
leader of the Dravidian movement and ten-time president of
the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam political party. Karunanidhi has
the record of never losing an election to the Tamil Nadu Assembly,
having won 13 times since his first victory in 1957.
Karunanidhi died on 7 August 2018 at Kauvery
Hospital in Chennai after a series of prolonged, age-related
Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin, born 1 March 1953),
often referred to by his initials as MK Stalin, is an
Indian Tamil politician serving as the 8th and
current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. The son of the
former Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi, Stalin has been
the president of the Dravida Munnetra
Kazhagam (DMK) party since 28 August 2018. He
served as the 37th Mayor of Chennai from 1996 to 2002
and 1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2009
to 2011.Stalin was placed 30th on the list of India's Most
Powerful Personalities in 2019 by The Indian Express.