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Patterns and trends in adult obesity

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These PowerPoint slides present key data and information on adult obesity in clear, easy to understand charts and graphics. They have been produced by the Obesity Risk Factors Intelligence team in the Health Improvement Directorate and can be used freely with acknowledgement to ‘Public Health England’.

These slides should be useful to practitioners and  policy makers working to tackle adult obesity at local, regional and national level. For example they are regularly used to make the case for tackling obesity in presentations to health and wellbeing boards, other committees and to elected members as well as in regional and national conference and workshop presentations.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Patterns and trends in adult obesity

  1. 1. Patterns and trends in adult obesity A presentation of data on adult obesity July 2017
  2. 2. Overweight and obesity among adults Health Survey for England 2013 to 2015 (three-year average) 2 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) overweight and obesity: BMI ≥ 25kg/m2 Almost 7 out of 10 men are overweight or obese (66.8%) Almost 6 out of 10 women are overweight or obese (57.8%)
  3. 3. Obesity among adults Health Survey for England 2013 to 2015 (three-year average) 3 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2 One out of four men is obese (25.7%) One out of four women is obese (25.8%)
  4. 4. 4 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) BMI thresholds: Underweight: <18.5kg/m2 Healthy weight: 18.5 to <25kg/m2 Overweight: 25 to <30kg/m2 Obese: ≥30kg/m2 Adult BMI status by sex Health Survey for England 2013 to 2015 (three-year average)
  5. 5. 5 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2 Trend in obesity prevalence among adults Health Survey for England 1993 to 2015 (three-year average)
  6. 6. 6 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) overweight including obese: BMI ≥ 25kg/m2 Trend in excess weight among adults Health Survey for England 1993 to 2015 (three-year average)
  7. 7. Trend in severe obesity among adults Health Survey for England 1993 to 2015 (three-year average) 7 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) severe obesity: BMI ≥ 40kg/m2
  8. 8. Prevalence of overweight and obesity by age: men Health Survey for England 2015 8 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) BMI thresholds: overweight: 25 to <30kg/m2; Obese: ≥30kg/m2
  9. 9. Prevalence of overweight and obesity by age: women Health Survey for England 2015 9 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) BMI thresholds: overweight: 25 to <30kg/m2; Obese: ≥30kg/m2
  10. 10. Prevalence of adult obesity by region Health Survey for England 2015 10 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2
  11. 11. Adult obesity prevalence by income Health Survey for England 2015 11 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2
  12. 12. Adult obesity prevalence by education Health Survey for England 2009 to 2013 (five-year average) 12 Patterns and trends in adult obesity The chart shows 95% confidence intervals Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2Education measure is highest qualification attained
  13. 13. Adult obesity prevalence by deprivation Health Survey for England 2014 13 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2 21.6% 22.1% 28.8% 25.2% 24.4% 21.7% 22.5% 26.4% 30.9% 32.7% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Least Deprived 2nd 3rd 4th Most Deprived Obesityprevalence Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010 quintile Men Women
  14. 14. Trend in adult obesity prevalence by social class Health Survey for England 1994 to 2013 (five-year average*) 14 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 94-98 95-99 96-00 97-01 98-02 99-03 00-04 01-05 02-06 03-07 04- Obesityprevalence I- Professional II - Managerial technical IIIM - Skilled manual IIIN - Skilled non-manual IV - Semi-skilled manual V - Unskilled manual 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 94-98 95-99 96-00 97-01 98-02 99-03 00-04 01-05 02-06 03-07 04-08 05-09 I- Professional II - Managerial technical IIIM - Skilled manual IIIN - Skilled non-manual IV - Semi-skilled manual V - Unskilled manual Men Women *No data on social class was collected in 2010 and 2011. Therefore data presented as 06-10 are based on a four year average. Data presented for 07-11, 08-12, and 09-13 are based on a three year average.
  15. 15. 15 Patterns and trends in adult obesity The chart shows 95% confidence intervals Adult (aged 16+) obesity: BMI ≥ 30kg/m2Obesity prevalence is age standardised 18.8% 17.4% 13.2% 12.2% 11.5% 16.0% 20.9% 18.7% 13.9% 13.1% 26.2% 15.1% 31.6% 25.5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% White Irish Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Black African Black Caribbean Obesityprevalence Men Women Adult obesity prevalence by ethnic group Health Survey for England 2006 to 2010 (five-year average)
  16. 16. Adult mean waist circumference Health Survey for England 16 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adults aged 16+
  17. 17. Adult very high waist circumference Health Survey for England 17 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adults aged 16+ Very high waist circumference is taken to be greater than 102cm in men and greater than 88cm in women
  18. 18. Adult very high waist circumference by age Health Survey for England 2013 to 2015 (three-year average) 18 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adults aged 16+ * Very high waist circumference is taken to be greater than 102cm in men and greater than 88cm in women
  19. 19. Trend in very high waist circumference among adults Health Survey for England 1993 to 2015 19 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adults aged 16+, the chart shows 95% confidence intervals * Very high waist circumference is taken to be greater than 102cm in men and greater than 88cm in women
  20. 20. Health risk categories Health Survey for England/NICE 20 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Low High Very high BMI Men: <94cm Women: <80cm Men: 94-102cm Women: 80-88cm Men: >102cm Women: >88cm Underweight (<18.5kg/m2 ) Underweight (Not Applicable) Underweight (Not Applicable) Underweight (Not Applicable) Healthy weight (18.5-24.9kg/m2 ) No increased risk No increased risk Increased risk Overweight (25-29.9kg/m2 ) No increased risk Increased risk High risk Obese (30-34.9kg/m2 ) Increased risk High risk Very high risk Very obese (≥40kg/m2 ) Very high risk Very high risk Very high risk Waist circumference
  21. 21. Trend in prevalence of health risk categories Using both BMI and waist circumference: Health Survey for England 21 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adults aged 16+. Using combined waist circumference and BMI classification, as recommended by NICE
  22. 22. 22 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Adults aged 16+. Using combined waist circumference and BMI classification, as recommended by NICE 1993-1994 2014-2015 Change in prevalence of health risk categories Using both BMI and waist circumference: Health Survey for England
  23. 23. 23 Patterns and trends in adult obesity Data sources Health Survey for England (HSE) www.hscic.gov.uk/healthsurveyengland The HSE is a cross-sectional survey which samples a representative proportion of the population. The next report on the HSE 2016 is due to be published online in December 2017. The data should be available from the UK Data Archive in the summer following publication of the report.
  24. 24. 24 Patterns and trends in adult obesity For more information: PHE Obesity Intelligence Knowledge Hub: Register on https://khub.net/ and join the PHE Obesity Intelligence group PHE Obesity Intelligence Knowledge Hub public library (no need to join): https://khub.net/web/phe-obesity-intelligence/public-library PHE Web: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/phe-data-and-analysis-tools#obesity- diet-and-physical-activity noo.org.uk website archive: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20170110165428/https:// www.noo.org.uk/ (snapshot as of Jan 2017, will not be updated) Email: obesity-riskfactorsintelligence@phe.gov.uk Twitter: @PHE_Obesity
  25. 25. 25 Patterns and trends in adult obesity About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation's health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. It does this through world-class science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships and the delivery of specialist public health services. PHE is an operationally autonomous executive agency of the Department of Health. Public Health England Wellington House 133-155 Waterloo Road London SE1 8UG Tel: 020 7654 8000 www.gov.uk/phe Twitter: @PHE_uk Facebook: www.facebook.com/PublicHealthEngland © Crown copyright 2017 You may re-use this information (excluding logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0. To view this licence, visit https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government- licence/version/3/ or email psi@nationalarchives.gsi.gov.uk. Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. Published July 2017 PHE publications gateway number: 2017234

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