International Management Essay Prep

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Essay prep for IM 2013

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International Management Essay Prep

  1. 1. www.monash.edu.au MGF3681: International Management Essay Preparation
  2. 2. www.monash.edu.au 2 Assignment 1 • Cross-Cultural Negotiation • Due week 7 on the Friday 5pm • Worth 30% • 2,500 – 3,000 words • 15 Journal Articles • APA Referencing
  3. 3. www.monash.edu.au 3 Statement “International negotiation is more complex than domestic negotiation. Differences in national cultures and differences in political, legal and economic systems often separate potential business partners. Consequently, most international negotiators find it necessary to modify the negotiation styles of their home country. If they wish to succeed in the multinational arena, they must develop a style of international negotiation based on the flexible application of sound negotiating principles.”
  4. 4. www.monash.edu.au 4 Task Using the above introduction of the role of global negotiations, critically evaluate this statement, providing relevant theory and research to support your arguments. Your analysis should: • Identify some of the complex ways that cross-cultural differences can manifest themselves in the negotiation process. • Identify possible strategies to alleviate or avoid these problems. • Apply the differences/similarities in several cultures to add value to your analysis.
  5. 5. www.monash.edu.au 5 Breaking it Down • What did the statement say? – International is more complex than domestic – Differences in national cultures, political, legal and economic systems (Week 2) – Modifying (adapting) negotiation style – Need to be flexible
  6. 6. www.monash.edu.au 6 Breaking it Down • What did the question say? – Critically evaluate – Relevant theory and research – Broad array of examples – Complex ways culture is in negotiation – Strategies to deal with this – Doing this via examples
  7. 7. www.monash.edu.au 7 Negotiation and Culture • Domestic v International Negotiation – Start with negotiation – Clearly spell out how international negotiation is more complex > Political, legal and economic > National Culture – Look at the steps to negotiation > I don’t want you to take me through them but they are a good place for clues
  8. 8. www.monash.edu.au 8 Negotiation and Culture • Negotiation style – Competitive – Problem Solving – Anything else you come across – Remember – how and when do international negotiators modify their negotiation style
  9. 9. Cultural Differences in Preference for a Problem-Solving Negotiation 0 20 40 60 80 100 Japan C hina A rgentinaFrance India U SA U K M exico G erm anyN igeria Brazil Spain %Win-Win
  10. 10. www.monash.edu.au 10 Relevant Theory • Cultural Differences – Negotiation goal (contract or relationship) – Formal or informal communication – Direct or indirect communication – Sensitivity to time – Forms of agreement (specific or broad) – Team organisation (one or many)
  11. 11. www.monash.edu.au 11 Relevant Theory • Communication Types – Verbal > High v Low Context > Explicit v Implicit Communication – Non-verbal > Paralanguage > Chromatics
  12. 12. www.monash.edu.au 12 High v Low Context
  13. 13. www.monash.edu.au 13 Relevant Theory • Theorists – Hofstede – Trompennaars – Hall
  14. 14. www.monash.edu.au 14 Strategies to Deal • What are the implications for managers? • How are they going to deal with these different cultures? • Lay out strategies for dealing with these issues. • Maybe some are located on the lecture slides
  15. 15. www.monash.edu.au 15 Relevant Theory • Examples – Australia / United States / Brittan – Japan – Brazil – China – Vietnam
  16. 16. www.monash.edu.au 16 Tips for Assignment 1. Read the essay topic carefully – Keep topic next to you while writing. – Make sure you address all aspects of the topic. – Plan your answer. – Don’t lose focus. > Does every paragraph help address the question? > If not, replace it with a better one. – Follow logical structure.
  17. 17. www.monash.edu.au 17 Tips for Assignment (Cont.) 2. Formatting – Size 12 Font Times, Size 11 Calibri – Double spaced – Be consistent – No headings / sub-headings – 2 or 3 paragraphs per page – Proof reading / editing is very important
  18. 18. www.monash.edu.au 18 Tips for Assignment (Cont.) 3. Referencing – At least 15 references – APA style – Only use reliable sources > Do not rely on text books or lecture slides – Integrate references to for arguments – Reference list in alphabetical order – Use Q-manual for guidance
  19. 19. www.monash.edu.au 19 Breakdown of Marks • Abstract 10% (separate page 150-200 words) – Summary of what you found • Introduction 15% – Intro into the topic area and what you will cover • Body 50% – Paragraphs etc • Conclusion 15% – Summarising everything and recommendations • Presentation 10% – References, what it looks like, English
  20. 20. www.monash.edu.au 20 Feedback from last semester - d
  21. 21. www.monash.edu.au 21 Essay Feedback - Paragraphs • Have the essay question in front of you the whole time • In the first two sentences of your paragraphs I should know how it links to the question • This is not Game of Thrones, I shouldn’t have to keep guessing what is coming next • Each paragraph should be a building block to make your overall argument • At the end of the paragraph ask “does this answer the question” • You need to do the analysis – not expect me to work out how it all links together
  22. 22. www.monash.edu.au 22 Essay Feedback - Writing • “It’s obvious” and “widely known” that you shouldn’t say this • Etc is too tacky, such as … is better • Have bridging sentences – not Idea A. Idea B. Therefore C – more Idea A. Idea B. Idea A and B. Therefore C. • If you Are going to have capital Letters make Sure they are Consistent. – e.g. Human Capital or human capital • Organizations are in America, Organisations are in Australia • Should you have rhetorical questions in your essay?
  23. 23. www.monash.edu.au 23 Essay Feedback - Writing
  24. 24. www.monash.edu.au 24 Essay Feedback – Referencing Slide • When you are talking about a theory, analyse it. There is no point spending a paragraph just explaining a theory • Please reference Hofstede directly • Instead of cited in…. just go to the original source • Don’t reference the lecture slides • Theorists say …… (who are they?) • Bad websites – e.g. Big Dog Little Dog Blog

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