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Discovering music: small-scale, web-scale, facets, and beyond-Belford


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Many libraries are implementing or developing web-scale discovery interfaces or other faceted browsing interfaces. There is exciting potential for new discovery interfaces to ease the difficulties users face when searching for music materials. However, the specialized discovery needs arising from unique characteristics of music materials are often overlooked. This session will examine how to meet the special demands for music discovery while improving access to materials that pose similar challenges, such as law, literature and religious studies, and video collections. The session will provide an overview of the topic, based on the Music Library Association’s Music Discovery Requirements document, and explore aspects of music discovery as realized through specific interfaces.

Rebecca Belford
Music Cataloger/Reference Librarian, University at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY

See accompanying presentation by
Tracey Snyder
Cornell University

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Discovering music: small-scale, web-scale, facets, and beyond-Belford

  1. 1. Music Discovery: Small-scale, Web-scale, Facets, and Beyond NASIG Annual Conference Buffalo, NY June 8, 2013 Rebecca Belford University at Buffalo
  2. 2.  Music discovery defined  Types of user needs  How discovery tools can help (or hinder)  Discovery beyond the ‘simple’ catalog
  3. 3. Performed music Notated music
  4. 4. Discovery – library context  OPAC  Discovery layers  Web-scale products  Database content  Digital collections  External collections
  5. 5. Why care about music? A discovery tool that works for music will work well for (almost) anything.* *Please talk to your colleagues working with archives, rare materials, and specialized cataloging rules, too!
  6. 6. What do music users (scholars, performers, casual users) need? For those needs that are reflected in cataloging practice, how can they be met by discovery tools?
  7. 7. Music searches
  8. 8. User inquiries for notated & recorded music (actual questions from the UB Music Library) Score and recording of New World Symphony Recording of a baroque-era minuet Vocal score and original cast recording of Brigadoon Playing parts for a string quartet Facsimile of Beethoven’s manuscript for the Eroica symphony Works by Brian Ferneyhough The new Bärenreiter edition of Schubert’s Mass in A flat major, vocal score 1970s rock on vinyl DVD of Boulez conducting Wagner’s Ring cycle at the Bayreuth festival Known works Known creators Known contrib- utors Medium Record- ings Genre Form Scores
  9. 9. Music Library Association Music Discovery Requirements  Group convened by Music Library Association’s Emerging Technologies and Services Committee  Document released April 2012, free online publication  Best practices and recommendations, not policy  Primary audience not music catalogers  MARC focused, but not exclusive  Field-by-field and index-based display, indexing, and facet guides appended
  10. 10. Music Discovery Requirements Document What needs to be indexed, displayed, and linked in a system in order for music users to find, identify, and select materials?
  11. 11. Outline I. Introduction II. Musical Works A. Introduction B. Titles C. Identifying Numbers D. Medium of Performance E. Musical Key/Range F. Dates G. Persons and Corporate Bodies H. Topical Subjects I. Genre/Form J. Geographic Area III. Expressions and Manifestations A. Introduction B. Format: Content and Carriers C. Identifying Numbers D. Musical Presentation E. Edition F. Language G. Medium of Performance H. Musical Key/Range I. Dates J. Persons and Corporate Bodies K. Geographic Area IV. Other Aspects of Music Discovery A. Introduction B. Authority Records C. Compilations D. Searching: Alphabetical and Keyword E. Enhancements: Third-party content F. Music-Specific Interface/View
  12. 12. Today’s highlights Formats Identifying works & Navigating among manifestations
  13. 13. Format (Content/Carrier/Media) Scale: byte-sized  Brief results  Detailed records  Pre-search limits  Post-search facets
  14. 14. Format (MARC) Broad content LDR/06 (type of record) 006/00 (form of material) More specific 007 (physical description) 34x fields Maybe also… RDA content, media, carrier (33x) GMD (“legacy” records) Content of MARC 538 notes
  15. 15. Format/MARC mapping: Don’t reinvent the wheel
  16. 16. Music Discovery Requirements, Appendix C. MARC Bibliographic Record Mapping for Content and Carrier
  17. 17. Format Icons/Labels King County Library System Stanford University
  18. 18. Pre-search limits Single format Multiple options
  19. 19. Facets & brief results University at Buffalo Libraries
  20. 20. Facets & brief results
  21. 21. Single records University at Buffalo Libraries
  22. 22. Notated music Content/format + Expression-level characteristics Information in:  Coded fields  Physical description fields  Title/responsibility  Edition statements  Notes  Preferred/uniform titles  Subject subdivisions University at Buffalo Libraries
  23. 23. works (works/expressions)  Sufficient identifying information &  Associated names  Linking/collocation &  Ability to navigate to other manifestations  Typical generic title authorized access point: Brahms, Johannes, 1833-1897. Symphonies, no. 4, op. 98, E minor
  24. 24. Identifying works  Information: creator + title + contributors + coded information for language, medium, format of music, etc. + relevant notes  Indexing: author, title, keyword, more?  Long list of fields. MDR appendices list tags and indexes.
  25. 25. Telemann, “Overture in D major for strings and continuo”
  26. 26. Georg Philipp Telemann: thematisch-systematisches Verzeichnis seiner Werke, Band 3, ed. Martin Ruhnke. Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1999.
  27. 27. Title access points: additional information beyond first title element
  28. 28. Case Western Reserve University Libraries
  29. 29. Some of Chopin’s piano music Piano music. Selections Everything Chopin wrote for piano Piano music University at Buffalo Libraries
  30. 30. Information after preferred title/initial title element (MARC 240 after $a / 700 after $t)  Vocal score  Sketches  Selections  Arranged  Named parts of works  Numbered parts of works  Medium  Key  Opus numbers  Serial numbers  Thematic catalog numbers  Language of translation
  31. 31. Compilations  Contents notes  Access points for contained works  Keep associated information together (names + titles)
  32. 32. Contents note, with titles, composers, performers, and conductors (only place in record with this information)
  33. 33. #795766605
  34. 34. Northwestern University Libraries (Primo)
  35. 35. University of Cincinnati Libraries
  36. 36. Navigating among manifestations of the same work (a.k.a. FRBRization)  Score  Recording  Score  Parts  Other editions are available? (performers, editors, publishers)  Contingent on indexing and display  Linked authorized access points  Sufficient identifying information for selection
  37. 37. Do you have a score…?
  38. 38. Scores, Schubert’s “Trout” quintet, in WorldCat  Bärenreiter, mini score (74 p.)  Bärenreiter, score and 4 parts,  Belwin Mills, score and 4 parts  Berandol Music, score  Boosey & Hawkes, mini score  Breitkopf und Härtel, score and 5 parts  Breitkopf und Härtel, score and 4 parts  C.F. Peters, condensed score and 4 parts  C.F. Peters, score and 5 parts  C.F. Peters, score and 4 parts  Columbia, mini score  Cranz, score and 4 parts  Czerny, score and 4 parts  Dover, mini score (94 p.)  Dover, score (complete works)  E. Eulenburg, mini score (54 p.)  E. Eulenburg, mini score (86 p.)  Eulenburg, mini score (86 p.), fwd. Brown  Gosudarstvennoe tbo, score and 5 parts  G. Henle, mini score (82 p.)  G. Henle, score (82 p.) and 4 parts  G. Henle, score (92 p.) and 4 parts  Heugel, mini score (86 p.)  International, score (51 p.) and 5 parts  International, score (51 p.) and 4 parts  Kalmus, mini score (94 p.)  E.F. Kalmus, score (51 p.) and 4 parts  Kalmus, score (51 p.) and 5 parts  Lea pocket scores, mini score (p. 45-94)  Litolff’s Verlag, score (52 p.) and 4 parts  Ongaku no Tomo Sha, mini score  A. Payne's Musikverlag, mini score  Performers' Facsimiles, score and 4 parts  Peters, mini score  Peters, score and 5 parts  Pro Art, mini score (86 p.)  G. Ricordi & C., mini score (92 p.)  Schott, score (65 p.)  Universal, mini score  Universal, score (69 p.) and 5 parts  Weaner-Levant Publications, condensed score (51 p.) and 5 parts  Wiener Philharmonischer Verlag, mini score (54 p.)  Wiener Philharmonischer Verlag, mini score (87 p.)  A.O. Witzendorf, 4 parts Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828. Quintets, piano, violin, viola, cello, double bass, D. 667, A major
  39. 39. • Quintetti per pianoforte e archi • Trout quintet • Romantic piano quintets • Forellen-Quintett D 667 = Trout quintet ; Notturno D 897 ; Arpeggione-Sonate D 821 • Melos Ensemble : complete EMI recordings 1957-1972 • Arpeggione sonate ; Forellen quintet • Piano quintet in A major : 'Trout' • Schubert at home • Piano quintet in A major, opus 114, 'The trout“ ; String quartet in A minor, opus 29 CD titles proper, containing Schubert’s “Trout” quintet, in WorldCat Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828. Quintets, piano, violin, viola, cello, double bass, D. 667, A major
  40. 40. Stanford University Libraries (Blacklight)
  41. 41. Why not . . . Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791. Zauberflöte. Hölle Rache 1. Works by Mozart Author: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791 or any behind the scenes search, VIAF 32197206 , LCCN, etc. 2. Magic Flute Author-title: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791. Zauberflöte 3. “Queen of the Night” aria from Magic Flute Author-title: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791. Zauberflöte. Hölle Rache 1. Works by Mozart 2. Magic Flute 3. Vocal scores of Magic Flute Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791. Zauberflöte. Vocal score
  42. 42. Web scale  Library content  Subscription databases Recorded music: Naxos, Alexander Street Press, DRAM Notated music: ASP Classical Scores Library  Digital collections / Institutional repositories (local)  External digital collections  Citations for non-subscribed/external resources
  43. 43. Web-scale challenges  Metadata harmonization  Consistent identifiers/access points across sources  Navigating among manifestations, creators, contributors  Ensuring format facets are both accurate and comprehensive  Correctly identifying formats  Coverage & indexing
  44. 44. Web-scale: external collection citations included in Summon NSCU Libraries
  45. 45. Naxos in Summon Title: Waltzes for piano Naxos in Naxos Web-scale database content University at Buffalo LibrariesNaxos Music Library
  46. 46. WorldCat record (same item) Title: Man lebt nur einmal FirstSearch WorldCat, OCLC #, 811246362
  47. 47. Beyond the Library
  48. 48. Australian Music Centre Australian Music Centre,
  49. 49. Australian Music Centre,
  50. 50. Australian Music Centre,
  51. 51. Australian Music Centre,
  52. 52. Australian Music Centre,
  53. 53. Australian Music Centre,
  54. 54. Australian Music Centre,
  55. 55. Australian Music Centre,
  56. 56. Australian Music Centre,
  57. 57. Elena Kats-Chernin, Eliza Aria, sample score,
  58. 58.
  59. 59. Repertoire navigator with hierarchy browser Australian Music Centre,
  60. 60. Music Library Association, Emerging Technologies and Services Committee, “Music Discovery Requirements” (2012) MLA Music Discovery Requirements Group Nara Newcomer (leader), University of Missouri, Kansas City Rebecca Belford, University at Buffalo Deb Kulczak, University of Arkansas Jennifer Matthews, University of Notre Dame Misti Shaw, Depauw University Kimmy Szeto, Baruch College, City University of New York Discovery tool screenshots Additional resources shown Naxos Music Library, Australian Music Centre, See also Schubert score excerpts from the IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library, Buffalo State College (Summon) Case Western Reserve University (III) Cornell University (WorldCat Local) North Carolina State University (Summon) Northwestern University (Primo) Stanford University (Blacklight) University at Buffalo (Aleph, VuFind) University of Cincinnati Libraries (III) & FirstSearch (OCLC) Credits & Links
  61. 61. Questions? Rebecca Belford