Minor parties

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Minor parties

  1. 1. Ideological MINOR PARTIES: Single-IssueWHAT ARE THEY AND DO Economic THEY MATTER? Protest Splinter
  2. 2. IDEOLOGICAL PARTIES-- based on a set of beliefs-- Libertarian Party -- elimination of almost all gov’t functions-- limited electoral success,but long-lasting
  3. 3. SINGLE-ISSUE PARTIES-- Based around a single issue-- Fade as issues change-- Free Soil Party (opposed to slavery – 1840s-1850s)-- Know-Nothings (opposed Irish immigration – 1850s )
  4. 4. ECONOMIC PROTEST PARTIES-- emerge when economy is bad-- born from anger against “enemies” (Wall Street, banks,monetary system)-- disappear when economy improves-- Greenback Party (1876-1884)-- Populist Party 1890s Tea Party Occupy Movement
  5. 5. SPLINTER PARTIES-- split from a major party-- often formed around a strong personalityRepublicans-- “Bull Moose” Progressives 1912 (from the left)Democrats-- Henry Wallace’s Progressive Party 1948 (from the left)-- States’ Rights (Dixiecrats) 1948 (from the right)
  6. 6. 1948 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
  7. 7. ARE MINOR PARTIES IMPORTANT?The “Spoiler” Role -- splinter parties often siphon votes from a major party-- 1912: Roosevelt splinters the Reps.; Wilson wins
  8. 8. ARE MINOR PARTIES IMPORTANT?The “Innovator” Role-- take clear-cut stands on controversial issues. Why?-- better ideas are absorbed by the major parties-- i.e.: women’s suf frage, gay rights

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