Critical Period Part 2

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  • Critical Period Part 2

    1. 1. Washington takes the oath of office
    2. 2. Washington’s Presidency <ul><li>Received all electoral votes </li></ul><ul><li>Adams (Federalist) becomes Vice President </li></ul><ul><li>Remained “neutral” in politics (but actually, supported Federalists) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Washington’s First Cabinet <ul><li>Alexander Hamilton-Treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Knox- War </li></ul><ul><li>Edmond Randolph- Attorney General </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson- State </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to balance regions and viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Rift develops between Hamilton and Jefferson </li></ul>
    4. 4. Hamilton’s Financial Program <ul><li>Washington supported </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to gain support of the elite </li></ul><ul><li>Government should assume public debt and state debt </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes raised by a whiskey tax </li></ul><ul><li>Create a National Bank to stabilize financial structure </li></ul>
    5. 5. Opposition to Federalist Program <ul><li>Virginia protests assuming state debts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Future capital is moved to DC as compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Small farmers protest taxes (Whiskey Rebellion) </li></ul><ul><li>National Bank </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Loose” interpretation of Constitution. troubled Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passed over protests </li></ul></ul>Tax collector is tarred and feathered
    6. 6. Beginnings of Political Parties <ul><li>Constitution does not mention parties </li></ul><ul><li>Washington opposed factions and parties </li></ul><ul><li>These early debates (National Bank and Taxes) created allies and enemies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two camps emerge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Federalist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Republican (Anti-Federalist) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Securing the Frontier <ul><li>Northwest Ordinance inadequate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land claims needed to be addressed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania put down by federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>North American lands barely mentioned in Constitution and not dealt with clearly </li></ul>
    8. 8. Today’s lesson makes the important point(s) that… In the slide presentation today, … parenthetical statement …, makes the point(s) that… When it comes to the topic of ... state the topic … , historians agree that… The slide presentation, … parenthetical statement …, claims that … Make Meaning
    9. 9. Foreign Policies <ul><li>Britain and France engaged in war </li></ul><ul><li>American neutrality declared </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Citizen Genet” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British impressment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jay’s Treaty with Great Britain (Federalist influenced) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain (US can use the Mississippi ) </li></ul></ul>Foreigner hanged in effigy
    10. 10. Pinckney’s Treaty
    11. 11. John Adams’ Presidency <ul><li>Washington’s Farewell Address </li></ul><ul><li>One-term Federalist, elected in 1796 over Jefferson (became VP) </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists were divided </li></ul>
    12. 12. The Quasi War with France <ul><li>XYZ Affair outrages Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Undeclared naval warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually tensions cool </li></ul>
    13. 13. Alien and Sedition Acts <ul><li>Federalists attempt to quiet Republican opposition </li></ul><ul><li>Alien Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harder for foreigners (tended to be Republicans) to become citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sedition Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punished anti-government activities (writings and otherwise) </li></ul></ul>Raising the alarm in Congress 1798
    14. 14. The “Revolution” of 1800 <ul><li>Bitter campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson elected after 36 counts </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans control executive and legislative Branches </li></ul><ul><li>Rematch from 1796 </li></ul><ul><li>Federalist control the judiciary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Adams appoints “midnight” judges </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Today’s lesson makes the important point(s) that… In the slide presentation today, … parenthetical statement …, makes the point(s) that… When it comes to the topic of ... state the topic … , historians agree that… The slide presentation, … parenthetical statement …, claims that … Make Meaning

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