Political Parties Beliefs

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Political Parties Beliefs

  1. 1. Political Parties Beliefs: Antebellum America
  2. 2. Whigs <ul><li>Born by National Republicans in 1836 </li></ul><ul><li>JQA and Clay were leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Political Base </li></ul><ul><ul><li>middle class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ market farmers” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>skilled native-born workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N.E. & New York </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generally bald (hence the name) </li></ul><ul><li>Loose construction of Const. </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalists </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-internal improvements, tariffs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Democrats <ul><li>Strict construction </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed fed. gov’t. regulation of slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed internal improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Lower tariff (southerners, esp.) </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants join </li></ul>
  4. 4. “Log Cabin and Hard Cider”  1 st Whig <ul><li>William Henry Harrison elected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“simple man” (really aristocrat from VA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-national bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress should regulate spread of slavery </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Winners in the 1840s <ul><li>1840 Harrison  Tyler (Whig) </li></ul><ul><li>1844 Polk (Democrat) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-Texas annexation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-Oregon from Britain (54 o 40’ or fight) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1848 Taylor (“hero of BV”) (Whig) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No platform </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Free Soil Party (1848) <ul><li>“ Conscience Whigs”  morality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolitionists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>temperance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-Wilmot Proviso (against extension of slavery into the territories) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>54 40’-types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resented Dems. (Polk) settling at 49 th </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrialists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hated Polk reducing protective tariff </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Election of 1852 (“it’s the end of the world as we know it”) <ul><li>Whigs descent begins  best leaders d. </li></ul><ul><li>End of national parties </li></ul><ul><li>Begin. of SECTIONAL parties </li></ul>
  8. 8. American (Know-Nothing) Party ( K now- K nothing Party) <ul><li>Anti-Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-immigrant (nativist) </li></ul><ul><li>Some N. Whigs, S. Dems./Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>“ Americans Must Rule America” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Republican Party <ul><li>Formed as reaction to K-N Act (1854) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-slavery origins </li></ul><ul><li>Home to Whigs, N. Dems., Free Soil, Know-Nothings </li></ul>
  10. 10. Election of 1856
  11. 11. Election of 1840
  12. 12. Election of 1844
  13. 13. Election of 1848
  14. 14. Election of 1852
  15. 15. Liberty Party (1840) <ul><li>Anti-slavery party </li></ul><ul><li>End slavery gradually via pol. Process </li></ul><ul><li>Radicals in party differed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate end to slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed women in abolition movement </li></ul></ul>

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