Illuminating Lighting Policy


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  • 110th Congress, H.R. 6. (Pub.L. 110-140) (121 Stat. 1492)General Service = regular lightbulbs. Excludes appliance lamps, black lights, bug lamps, colored lamps, infrared lamps, left-hand thread lamps, marine lamps, plant lights, reflector lamps, rough service lamps, shatter-resistant lamps, 3-way lamps, vibration service lamps, etc, etc.
  • ILCS = Illinois compiled statutesPublic Act 096-0778 updated the Energy Efficient Commercial Building Act (20 ILCS 3125) to the “energy efficient buildings act” and applied it to residential as well as commercial buildings.Commercial building is anything that isn’t residential (as defined in the Act)
  • LPD for uncovered parking areas, building grounds, building entrances and exits, canopies and overhangs, and outdoor sales areas are tradeable, meaning you can reduce lighting in one area if you increase it in another. Some areas are specified as nontradeable.
  • Even in California, where they have been doing C&I efficiency programs for a long time, it accounts for about 65% of their portfolio.In residential, 60% of lighting efficiency is CFLs. In C&I, there are some CFLs (16% in WI) but more focus on T12 and T8 fluorescent tube replacement with high performance & reduced wattage T8s and on lighting controls.Other measures that are getting less include chillers, motors, fans, HVAC, etc – as standards get more stringent there is less opportunity to close the savings gap and achieve portfolio-level savings. Second biggest measure after lighting is Variable Speed Drives (VSDs).[CEE] Consortium for Energy Efficiency. 2008. Commercial Lighting Systems Initiative.Boston, Mass.: Consortium for Energy Efficiency.
  • Multi Year Program Plan is updated annually to ensure DOE is funding the appropriate R&D topics to move SSL from the lab to the marketRoadmap is intended to accelerate adoption through manufacturing improvements that reduce cost and enhance product quality
  • Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007; Subtitle E; Section 655Cash prize of $10,000,000 for first successful 60W category, and $5,000,000 for first PAR 38 and 21C category (subject to appropriation and private funding contributions). Also will include federal purchasing guidelines for procurement and market development collaboration with Energy Efficiency Partners (like MEEA!)Run by National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s Building Technologies Program.More info at www.lightingprize.orgLED chip must be manufactured in US
  • Illuminating Lighting Policy

    1. 1. Illuminating Lighting Policy<br />Gregory EhrendreichMidwest Energy Efficiency Alliance(MEEA)<br />IFMA – Northern IllinoisSeptember 7, 2010<br />
    2. 2. The Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA) ( is a collaborative network advancing energy efficiency in the Midwest to support sustainable economic development and environmental preservation.<br />About MEEA<br />MEEA promotes the market transformation of energy efficiency technologies, processes and best practices within a 13-state area, through policy advocacy, program design and facilitation and piloting of energy technologies. MEEA is bridging the gap between policy adoption and program implementation.<br />
    3. 3. Lighting Standards<br />Lighting in Codes<br />Lighting in Efficiency Programs<br />Lighting R&D<br />
    4. 4. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007); Title III; Subtitle B<br />Manufacturing/Sales standards for lighting<br /><ul><li>General Service Incandescent Lamps (Sec 321)
    5. 5. Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Sec 322)
    6. 6. Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures (Sec 324)</li></ul>Lighting Standards<br />
    7. 7. Lighting Standards<br />Standards for General Service Incandescent Lamps Manufactured after 2012<br />Source: Pub.L. 110-140, Title III; Subtitle B; Sec 321(a)(3)(A)(ii)(I)(cc)<br />
    8. 8. Standards for Incandescent Reflector Lamps<br />BPAR, BR30, BR40, ER30, ER40 lamps<br />Was effective as of Jan 1, 2008<br />Lighting Standards<br />INCANDESCENT REFLECTOR LAMPS<br />Source: Lighting Controls Association and EISA 2007, Title III, Subtitle B, Sec 324<br />
    9. 9. Standards for Metal Halide Magnetic-ballasted Fixtures<br /><ul><li>>150W and <500W
    10. 10. Starting January 1, 2009, fixtures manufactured for metal halide lighting must have:</li></ul>Lighting Standards<br />Source: Lighting Controls Association and EISA 2007, Title III, Subtitle B, Sec 324<br />
    11. 11. Lighting Standards<br />So what does that all really mean for a Facilities Manager?<br />You’re going to get more efficient just by changing out your light bulbs (whether you are trying or not)<br />You’re not going to be able to buy exact replacements for inefficient products, which in some cases will mean updating whole fixtures<br />The “low hanging fruit” in lighting savings is going to get a little further away<br />
    12. 12. Lighting in Codes<br />Energy Efficient Buildings Act(20 ILCS 3125)<br />Residential<br /><ul><li>2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC)</li></ul>Commercial<br /><ul><li>Also 2009 IECC (referencing ASHRAE 90.1-2007)</li></li></ul><li>International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) in Illinois<br />“Code” is the latest published edition of the IECC (20 ILCS 3125/10) (currently 2009 edition)<br />Applies to all new construction & significant additions, alternations, renovations, or repairs (20 ILCS 3125/20)<br />Home rule does not allow less stringent standards to be adopted (20 ILCS 3125/45)<br />Lighting in Codes<br />
    13. 13. International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) in Illinois<br />Capital Development Board must adopt Code within 9 mo of publication, to take effect 3 mo after adoption. (20 ILCS 3125/20)<br />IECC is updated on a 3-year cycle (next in 2012)<br />Voting members of Int’l Code Council are state, county, and municipal code officials ONLY<br />Non-voting members, who can propose and debate changes, are a broad spectrum of builders, code officials, advocates, building science experts, etc.<br />Lighting in Codes<br />
    14. 14. Lighting in the 2009 IECC<br />Commercial Lighting Sec. 505<br /><ul><li>505.2 Lighting controls (mandatory)
    15. 15. 505.3 Tandem wiring (mandatory)
    16. 16. 505.5 Interior lighting power (prescriptive)
    17. 17. 505.6 Exterior lighting (mandatory)</li></ul>Lighting in Codes<br />
    18. 18. Lighting in Codes<br />Interior Lighting Power Allowances (W/sq. ft.) (Sec. 505.5)<br /><ul><li>Each distinct area (contiguous space) has a power value
    19. 19. Value is (sq. ft. x value in Table 205.5.2) for each areas
    20. 20. Total connected interior lighting power (Sec 505.5.1) is no greater than sum of all area values to be compliant</li></li></ul><li>Lighting in Codes<br />Exterior Lighting (Sec. 505.6)<br /><ul><li>All exterior luminaires >100W must have minimum efficacy of 60 lumens/W
    21. 21. Total Exterior Power allowances (W/sq. ft.) based on Zones shown in Table 505.6.2(1), power densities shown in Table 505.6.2, and base site allowances shown in Table 505.6.2(2)</li></li></ul><li>Lighting in Codes<br />Exterior Lighting (Sec. 505.6) (cont)<br />
    22. 22. Lighting in Codes<br />Lighting Power Densities are the biggest area of ongoing discussion with regard to the lighting aspects of the code & revisions to the 2012 version<br />
    23. 23. Lighting in Codes<br />New buildings or significant renovations & retrofits are going to have more stringent requirements for use of high-efficiency lighting than old existing buildings<br />Periodic (3-yr) code cycle may cause changes to be aware of when planning for renovating/ retrofitting spaces or building new<br />So what does that all really mean for a Facilities Manager?<br />
    24. 24. Energy Efficiency Resource Standards<br />Established by Illinois Power Agency Act(PA 095-0481 – electricity; PA 096-0033 – natural gas)<br />Requires utilities to meet part of energy needs with efficiency rather than supplied energy<br />2.0% of electricity by 2015; 1.5% of natural gas by 2019<br />Lighting in Efficiency Programs<br />
    25. 25. Lighting accounts for 80-85% of C&I programs in ComEd territory<br />High performance T8 fluorescents have annual saving potential of 16.5 TWh annually in U.S.<br />35-50% savings over traditional fl. tubes<br />Other C&I efficiency measures are starting to fall off because of tighter standards for other appliances that have already gone into effect<br />Lighting in Efficiency Programs<br />Sources: ComEd (pers. comm.), Consortium for Energy Efficiency<br />
    26. 26. Lighting in Efficiency Programs<br />So what does that all really mean for a Facilities Manager?<br />Utilities are going to continue to offer lighting programs to commercial and industrial facilities as a major portion of their efficiency portfolios<br />New programs and incentives will continue to promote changeover to high-efficiency lighting for C&I customers<br />
    27. 27. R&D Program authorized under EISA 2007; Title III; Subtitle B; Sec. 321(g)<br />Authorized appropriations of $10,000,000 each fiscal year 2008-2013<br />Support research, development, demonstration, and commercial application AND assist manufacturers in meeting the efficiency standard requirements imposed in subsection (a)<br />Lighting R&D<br />
    28. 28. Lighting R&D<br />SSL R&D Multi-Year Program Plan<br />SSL Manufacturing R&D Roadmap<br />
    29. 29. Lighting R&D<br />DOE Commercial Available LED Product Evaluation and Reporting Program<br /><ul><li>Testing and benchmarking of Solid State Lighting (SSL) products available on the market
    30. 30. Reliable, unbiased product performance information needed for market development</li></li></ul><li>Solid State Lighting GATEWAY Demonstrations<br /><ul><li>In situ showcase and demonstration of high-performance SSL lighting in commercial and residential applications
    31. 31. Market-based teams consisting of manufacturer, host site, and an energy efficiency organization or utility</li></ul>Lighting R&D<br />
    32. 32. Lighting R&D<br />e<br />The “Bright Tomorrow Lighting Prize”<br />Established by EISA 2007<br />Challenge to develop LED replacement for standard A19 60W incandescent and PAR 38 halogen<br />Also “21st Century Lamp” with >150 lm/W<br />MEEA is field-testing the first candidate in the 60W-replacement category<br />
    33. 33. Lighting R&D<br />Other DOE solid-state lighting design competitions<br /><ul><li>Residential lighting design competition
    34. 34. Winners announced annually at American Lighting Association conference
    35. 35. Commercial lighting luminaire design competition
    36. 36. Winners announced annually at Strategies in Lighting conference</li></li></ul><li>Lighting R&D<br />DOE EERE is working to bring SSL lighting to market<br />There are going to be some very big advances coming<br />The future of lighting is being driven by public policy combined with market-based R&D efforts<br />Your next building is going to have some really exciting new lighting options<br />So what does that all really mean for a Facilities Manager?<br />
    37. 37. MEEA’s solid-state lighting blog<br /><br />Other Items of Interest<br />
    38. 38. Any Bright Ideas?<br />Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA)<br /><br />Gregory Ehrendreich, Research Analyst<br />312.784.7273<br />