The TRIDEC system in the NEAMWave12 exercise

631 views

Published on

Evaluation of NEAMWave12 and discussion on NEAMWave14
ICG/NEAMTWS-X, Rome, Italy, November 19-21, 2013

Event: http://www.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_oe&task=viewEventRecord&eventID=1376

Related paper: http://www.ioc-unesco.org/index.php?option=com_oe&task=viewDocumentRecord&docID=12084

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
631
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The TRIDEC system in the NEAMWave12 exercise

  1. 1. Collaborative, Complex and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crisis The TRIDEC system in the NEAMWave12 exercise Martin Hammitzsch (1), Fernando José Carrilho (2), Ocal Necmioglu (3), Matthias Lendholt (1), Sven Reißland (1), Jana Schulz (1), Rachid Omira (2), Mustafa Comoglu (3), Nurcan Meral Ozel (3), and Joachim Wächter (1) (1) GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany (2) IPMA - Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Lisbon, Portugal (3) KOERI - Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey Evaluation of NEAMWave12 and discussion on NEAMWave14 ICG/NEAMTWS-X – Rome, Italy, November 19-21, 2013 Co-funded by the European Commission under FP7 (Seventh Framework Programme) ICT-2009.4.3 Intelligent Information Management - Project Reference: 258723
  2. 2. Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises TRIDEC 2
  3. 3. TRIDEC • Focuses on new technologies for real‐time intelligent information management in collaborative, complex critical decision processes • Important application field of the technology developed is management of natural crises, i.e. tsunamis • Based on the development of and experiences in the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) and the Distant Early Warning System (DEWS) • In TRIDEC new developments extend the existing platform for both, sensor integration and warning dissemination • Building distributed tsunami warning systems for transnational deployment based on a component-based technology framework 3
  4. 4. Command and Control User Interface CCUI 4
  5. 5. CCUI Workflow NEAMTWS Wizard Monitoring Perspective Forecasting Perspective Message Composition Perspective Dissemination Perspective 5
  6. 6. CCUI Workflow cont’d • “Perspectives” provide functionality associated with one task of the workflow – Monitoring Perspective is used to track running events – Forecasting Perspective is used to analyse simulations – Message Composition Perspective is used to prepare and send warning messages – Dissemination Perspective is used to observe all generated and sent warning messages • Perspectives are supported by wizards – NEAMTWS Wizard accelerates the operator’s work with automatic and relevant operations to • Asses estimated impact based on pre-computed simulations, • Identify and classify affected areas and points of interest, and • Generate and release warning messages 6
  7. 7. CCUI – Monitoring Perspective 7
  8. 8. CCUI – NEAMTWS Wizard 8
  9. 9. CCUI – Forecasting Perspective 9
  10. 10. CCUI – Dissemination Perspective 10
  11. 11. CCUI – Message Composition Perspective 11
  12. 12. Centre-to-centre communication 12
  13. 13. CCUI – Centre-to-centre communication  Received at KOERI from IPMA 13
  14. 14. CCUI – Centre-to-centre communication  Received at IPMA from KOERI 14
  15. 15. A Tsunami Warning and Communication Exercise for the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and Connected Seas Region NEAMWAVE12 15
  16. 16. TRIDEC in NEAMWave12 • Tsunami warning chain tested to a full scale for the first time with different systems – TRIDEC system validated in this exercise among others by KOERI and IPMA – Simulated widespread Tsunami Watch situations throughout the NEAM region • Participating in 2 of the 4 scenarios – Morning of November 27, 2012, first scenario initiated and played by the Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA) • Based on the devastating 1755 Lisbon event with the assumption that the event represents the worst-case tsunami scenario impacting the NE Atlantic region – Afternoon of November 28, 2012, fourth scenario was performed by Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI) • Based on the 8 August 1303 Crete and Dodecanese Islands earthquake with a Mw=8.4 worst-case interpretation resulting in destructive inundation in the Eastern Mediterranean 16
  17. 17. NEAMWave12 – IPMA Scenario 17
  18. 18. NEAMWave12 – KOERI Scenario 18
  19. 19. Portuguese Phase A • Sense the initial virtual earthquake and sea level data successively • Assess and verify the occurrence of a tsunami based on the virtual data sensed • Generate pre-defined warning messages with customization – Based on event’s specific parameters and analysis results • Disseminate generated messages to – ICG/NEAMTWS community via GTS, and Email – Portuguese CPA via email, and – Other registered message recipients via Fax, Email, and SMS • Exercise direct center-to-center communication with TRIDEC system deployed at KOERI 19
  20. 20. Turkish Extended Phase A • Sense the initial virtual earthquake and sea level data successively • Assess and verify the occurrence of a tsunami based on the virtual data sensed • Make use of unconventional, human sensors by integrating artificial eye-witness reports – Sent and geographically referenced by an Android app, and – Collected and managed by a crisis-mapping platform • Generate user-tailored warning messages with customization – Based on recipients‘ vocabulary, language, subscribed region, criticality, and channel – Based on event’s specific parameters and analysis results • Disseminate generated messages to – Turkish CPA via email, and – Other registered message recipients via FTP (imitating GTS), Fax, Email SMS, twitter clone StatusNet, WordPress blog • Exercise direct center-to-center communication with TRIDEC system deployed at IPMA 20
  21. 21. Master Schedule of Events List Portuguese Phase A, NEAMWave12 PORTUGUESE MSEL 21
  22. 22. MSEL PT – no modification EQ msg#1 EQ refinement msg#2 Sea level msg#3 Sea level msg#4 Sea level msg#5 Sea level msg#6 22
  23. 23. MSEL PT cont’d 23
  24. 24. MSEL PT – Centre-to-centre communication IPMA KOERI 24
  25. 25. MSEL PT – C2C cont’d Share all sensor measurements WAC bulletin#1 WAC bulletin#2 WAC bulletin#3 WAC bulletin#4 WAC bulletin#5 WAC bulletin#6 25
  26. 26. Master Schedule of Events List Turkish Extended Phase A, NEAMWave12 TURKISH MSEL 26
  27. 27. MSEL TR – with modifications 27
  28. 28. MSEL TR cont’d 28
  29. 29. MSEL TR cont’d 29
  30. 30. MSEL TR – Centre-to-centre communication Share all sensor measurements WAC bulletin#1 WAC bulletin#2 WAC bulletin#3 WAC bulletin#4 30
  31. 31. Turkish Extended Phase A, NEAMWave12 TRIDEC SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE 31
  32. 32. System Environment 32
  33. 33. System Architecture – Concept 33
  34. 34. System Architecture – Upstream Simulation database and on-demand computing GUI Decision support Sensors integration, data repositories Sensors data processing Sensors 34
  35. 35. System Architecture – Upstream NEAMWave12 Detour 35
  36. 36. Detour – eyewitness reports • Extending conventional sensors, i.e. seismic system, tide gauges, buoys, and GPS, with unconventional sensors, e.g. eyewitness reports • In 2010 United States Institute of Peace (USIP) examined role of crisis-mapping in the disaster relief effort following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti – An open-source crisis-mapping platform, provided a way to capture, organize, and share critical information coming directly from Haitians • Successive application and validation – 2010 Chile earthquake – 2010 BP’s Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico – 2011 Christchurch earthquake and tsunami in New Zealand – 2011 Japan earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear emergency 36
  37. 37. Detour cont’d • For this purpose an crisismapping instance has been setup for the Turkish Extended Phase A scenario together with Android App ‘Geohazard’ – To validate and demonstrate the feasibility of integrating and using eyewitness reports – Serving eyewitness reports to the TRIDEC system – Making them available via the CCUI to the operators in case of tsunamigenic earthquake and tsunami events • Thus eyewitness reports provide rapid in-situ crowdsourced measurement by people actually experiencing the crisis event 37
  38. 38. Detour cont’d • Primary purpose – Extending conventional sensors, i.e. seismic system, tide gauges, buoys, and GPS, with unconventional sensors, e.g. eyewitness reports – Decentralized collection of local reports using smartphone technology – Rapid in-situ crowd-sourced measurement by people actually experiencing the crisis event • Increase attractiveness for users – potential eyewitnesses – Ability to access freely available public information from providers around the world, e.g. • Earthquake information services of KOERI, IPMA, USGS, GFZ, and many more, but also • Tsunami information services from NOAA • Volcano information services from USGS, and GNS • Cyclone and flood information services from GDACS – Services are chosen by the user according to specific needs – Freely available in Google Play Store  http://goo.gl/CyZd0K 38
  39. 39. System Architecture – Downstream GUI Information Logistics Channel Adapters Generation of user-tailored warning messages with customization based on recipients‘ vocabulary, language, subscribed region, criticality, and channel Delivery of messages to channel providers via various interfaces 39
  40. 40. Turkish Extended Phase A, NEAMWave12 MESSAGES & CUSTOMIZED CONTENT 40
  41. 41. Dissemination & Set-up • Automatic dissemination to recipients registered for CFZs • Reviewed and manual dissemination to recipients registered for TFPs • User-tailored warning messages with customization based on recipients‘ – Vocabulary, Language, Subscribed region, Criticality, and Channel • Channels – – – – – – FTP (imitating GTS; KOERI FTP server) FAX (Internet fax service) Email (KOERI mail server) SMS (Internet SMS service) twitter clone StatusNet (internal instance at KOERI) WordPress Blog (internal instance at KOERI) 41
  42. 42. Message 3 – EMAIL 42
  43. 43. Message 3 – FAX 43
  44. 44. Message 3 – FTP (imitating GTS) 44
  45. 45. Messages – SMS 45
  46. 46. STANDARDS AND FOSS 46
  47. 47. Standards applied • OGC – Open Geospatial Consortium – SWE (Sensor Web Enablement) Standards • SAS (Sensor Alert Service) • SOS (Sensor Observation Service) • WNS (Web Notification Service) Standardised sensors integration – OWS (OpenGIS Web Service) Standards • WMS (Web Mapping Service) • WPS (Web Processing Service) • WFS (Web Feature Service) Standardised maps integration • OASIS – Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards – EM (Emergency Management), TC (Technical Committee) • CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) • EDXL-DE (Emergency Data Exchange Language - Distribution Element) Standardised message exchange 47
  48. 48. Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) • The TRIDEC system is based to the largest extent on FOSS components and industry standards • Software produced is foreseen to be published on a publicly available software repository thus • Permitting others to reuse results achieved, • Enabling further development, and • Stimulating collaboration with a wide community including scientists, developers, users and stakeholders • Using FOSS appeals to stakeholders for three main reasons – Low or no cost, – Access to source code they can tailor themselves, and – A broad community that ensures a generally robust code base, with quick fixes for any new issues that surface. • FOSS takes on the challenge of – Steep learning curve to master concepts and source code, and – Human resources to adopt the system, and/or – Financing of services serving the required expertise and workforce 48
  49. 49. CONCLUSIONS 49
  50. 50. Conclusions • Evaluation of TRIDEC systems in full from the initial virtual earthquake sensed, to the analysis of virtual sea level sensor data, the use of simulations, and finally to the dissemination of warning messages in 2 of 4 NEAMWave12 scenarios – At IPMA demonstrating the conformance to international agreements in IPMA's Phase A – At KOERI demonstrating functionality beyond international agreements in KOERI's Extended Phase A to demonstrate unique features • Use of conventional sensors and sensor systems and unconventional sensors – Use of seismic system and tide gauges – Use of an App to immediately sent eyewitness reports, and – Integration of a crisis-mapping platform to collect, organize eyewitness reports • Communication – Centre-to-Centre software system communication between Turkey and Portugal – Conventional delivery of warning messages via email, fax, SMS and GTS – Delivery of user-tailored warning messages with customization based on recipients' vocabulary, language, subscribed region, criticality, and channel – Social media channels have been used in order to demonstrate new opportunities 50
  51. 51. Lessons learned – from tech. view point • Gain experience – regular exercises in international context apply pressure and push things forward – NEAMWave exercise could influence internal trainings/workshops and communication test exercises – differences could be small • Connect scientific and professional skills with state-of-the-art in ICT – Use standards – Reuse and transform content – Allow system-to-system and centre-to-centre communication – Recycle information in different context – Let technology influence SOPs – Play with new technological approaches – Use prototypes • Let scenarios meet reality – – – – Clarify what full-scale means and what a scenario is Use systems behaviour to design realistic scenarios Survey target state. Specify downscale state – Know what you miss Announce (internal) exercises, but hide details • Identify stakeholders, their involvement, and their needs – Prioritize – Check against priorities 51
  52. 52. Further information • YouTube videos and playlists  http://goo.gl/1ecM7l • Publications – Meeting UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS Requirements and beyond with TRIDEC's Crisis Management Demonstrator for Tsunamis (2013, ISOPE)  http://goo.gl/dOvmdF – Development of tsunami early warning systems and future challenges (2012, NHESS)  http://goo.gl/9OSTUI – Tsunami Early Warning in the Eastern Mediterranean, Aegean and Black Sea (2012, ISOPE)  http://goo.gl/jaONM9 – User interface prototype for geospatial early warning systems – a tsunami showcase (2012, NHESS)  http://goo.gl/yUJwlY • TRIDEC website  http://www.tridec-online.eu/ 52
  53. 53. Collaborative, Complex and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crisis The TRIDEC system in the NEAMWave12 exercise Martin Hammitzsch (1), Fernando José Carrilho (2), Ocal Necmioglu (3), Matthias Lendholt (1), Sven Reißland (1), Jana Schulz (1), Rachid Omira (2), Mustafa Comoglu (3), Nurcan Meral Ozel (3), and Joachim Wächter (1) (1) GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany (2) IPMA - Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Lisbon, Portugal (3) KOERI - Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey Evaluation of NEAMWave12 and discussion on NEAMWave14 ICG/NEAMTWS-X – Rome, Italy, November 19-21, 2013 Co-funded by the European Commission under FP7 (Seventh Framework Programme) ICT-2009.4.3 Intelligent Information Management - Project Reference: 258723

×