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IOT and smart city in India


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How to implement IOT to promote smart cities in India under three categories :
Water Management
Waste Management
Environment Management

Published in: Software
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IOT and smart city in India

  1. 1. IOT and in INDIA Soumya Gupta MCA -5th Semester Roll no :05904092013
  2. 2. The Problem How to implement IOT to promote smart cities in India under three categories : Water Management Waste Management Environment Management
  3. 3. Focus Points IOT and Smart cities Governments’ smart cities mission Water Management Waste management Environment Management
  4. 4. IOT (Internet of Things) Simply put this is the concept of basically connecting any device with an on and off switch to the Internet (and/or to each other) to transfer data over the network. This includes everything from cell phones, coffee makers, washing machines, headphones, lamps, wearable devices and almost anything else you can think of. The IoT is a giant network of connected “things” (which also includes people). The relationship will be between people- people, people-things, and things-things. According to Gartner, The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects that contain embedded technology to communicate and sense or interact with their internal states or the external environment. Source : CISCO
  5. 5. Smart Systems and the Internet of things are driven by a combination of : • Sensors & Actuators :we are giving our world a digital nervous system. Location data using GPS sensors. Eyes and ears using cameras and microphones, along with sensory organs that can measure everything from temperature to pressure changes . • Connectivity: These inputs are digitized and placed onto networks • People and processes: These networked inputs can be combined into bidirectional systems that integrate data, people, processes and systems for better decision making.
  6. 6. Architecture of Smart city • Source :Cisco consulting services
  7. 7. PM ‘s Vision For Smart Cities
  8. 8. Water Management
  9. 9. According to Draft policy of IOT for Smart Water, i. To setup Potable water monitoring tools to monitor the quality of tap water in all government owned education institutes and public places. ii. To setup project for real-time detection of leakages and wastes of factories in rivers and other natural water bodies. iii. To setup project for monitoring of water level variations in rivers, dams and reservoirs, for proactive disaster management. Draft Policy on Smart Water
  10. 10. Tap water usage Connecting the household water meter over an IP network to provide remote information on use and status
  11. 11. Water distribution A normal SCADA based solution enables collection of water flow / pressure related data at different points of the transmission and distribution network, which can be used to regulate the water flow in the network through valves and pumps.Source : Deloitte
  12. 12. Wireless sensor networks for water quality Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) can help to monitor environmental conditions and water quality, allowing an easier, faster and cheaper data logging, which will lead into a better utilization of resources of each organization or government. The system would be able to monitor water quality by measuring different environmental parameters.
  13. 13. Waste Management
  14. 14. Draft policy on waste management • To assist the ‘SWACH BHARAT’ initiative, projects may be setup to create products which are Solar powered trash receptacle and trash compactor that alerts sanitation crews of municipal authorities, when it is full.
  15. 15. Smart Dustbins • Smart Dustbins can be deployed by wireless ultrasonic fill level sensor which can detect any sort of waste be solid or liquid , proximity sensors and a GPS to track down the locations of the dustbins . • The head of the dustbins can be replaced by a solar power panel which can charge the battery installed in the bins for their proper functioning.
  16. 16. Smart Garbage System
  17. 17. Network topology of smart garbage bins Source : The scientific world Journal
  18. 18. Environmental Management
  19. 19. Draft policy on Smart Environment According to Draft policy of IOT for Smart Environment, i. To setup project for alarm and control of CO2 emissions of factories, pollution emitted by cars and toxic gases generated. ii. To setup projects to create alarms based on distributed control in specific places like buildings, bridges, and establish a National Advance Disaster Alarm System.
  20. 20. Deploying wireless sensors network in various cities and connecting them to Database which in turn can be fed into web applications to predict models . The sensors can be used to measuring parameters as: • Temperature • Relative humidity • Carbon monoxide (CO) • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) • Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) • GPS location Wireless sensor networks for measuring air quality
  21. 21. The Disaster Emergency Warning Network (DEWN)is based entirely on widely available mobile communications technologies such as Short Messages (SMS) and Cell Broadcast Messages (CBM), aimed at rendering a cost effective and reliable mass alert system. DEWN comprises of two basic elements – i.e. the DEWN Server and DEWN Clients. The DEWN Server will reside in a secure facility and will be used by authorized persons to generate warning messages via SMS or CBM. The DEWN Clients are the intended recipients of the above mentioned messages Disaster warning
  22. 22. Alarm device for warning Alarm Device Design
  23. 23. References • A GSM ALARM DEVICE FOR DISASTER EARLY WARNING Gamini Jayasinghe, Farazy Fahmy, Nuwan Gajaweera, Dileeka DiasDialog – University of Moratuwa Mobile Communications Research Laboratory University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka. IEEE 2006 • The Internet Of Everything Shane Mitchell Nicola Villa Martin Stewart-Weeks Anne Lange, Point of View, CISCO • 100 Smart cities in India Facilitating implementation, Deloitte, February 2015 • Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions Jayavardhana Gubbia, Rajkumar Buyya, Slaven Marusic a, Marimuthu Palaniswami, ELESVIER • Draft Policy on Internet of Things Department of Electronics & Information Technology(DeitY) Ministry of Communication and Information Technology Government of INDIA • A Wireless Senson Network for Air Pollution SystemKavi K. Khedo1, Rajiv Perseedoss2 and Avinash Mungur Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius International journal of Wireless and mobile networks ,2010 • Internet of Things for Smart CitiesAndrea Zanella, Senior Member, IEEE, Nicola Bui, Angelo Castellani,Lorenzo Vangelista, Senior Member, IEEE, and Michele Zorzi, Fellow, IEEE, IEEE INTERNET OF THINGS JOURNAL, VOL. 1, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2014
  24. 24. Thank You