SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 23
Download to read offline
TABLE OF CONTENTS
• MSW
• Waste management in Bangladesh.
• Our Focus
• Electricity from Waste
• System overview.
• Future opportunity
MSW
•Municipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known as trash or garbage.
MSW
•If it continues we will find dumping yards every where other than houses.
Here’s the Good news.
•There is a remedy through which we can prevent that situation and at the same
time we can save our money too.
•The remedy for that situation is reusing the wastes through
•which we can make use of those wastes and thus we can be a part of making this
world clean.
Waste Management In Bangladesh
• According to an UNFPA report, Dhaka is one of the most polluted cities in the world and
one of the issues concerned is the management of municipal waste.[2]
•Current (2012) waste generation in Bangladesh is around 22.4 million tonnes per
year or 150 kg/cap/year.[8] There is an increasing rate of waste generation in
Bangladesh and it is projected to reach 47, 064 tonnes per day by 2025.[8] The
rate of waste generation is expected to increase to 220 kg/cap/year in 2025. A
significant percentage of the population has zero access to proper waste disposal
services, which will in effect lead to the problem of waste mismanagement.[2]
Waste Management In Bangladesh
•The total waste collection rate in major cities of Bangladesh such as Dhaka is
only 37%. When waste is not properly collected, it will be illegally disposed of
and this will pose serious environmental and health hazards to
the Bangladeshis.[4]
•There have been recent developments in Bangladesh to improve waste
management, especially in urban cities. In Dhaka, Dhaka City Corporation with
support from the Japan International Corporation Agency (JICA) has a master
plan underway to better handle the solid waste management in Dhaka.
OUR FOCUS
•Especially in our country we find a lot of power cuts during summer season ,
because of insufficient power production.
•We will also observe always there is a rise in the cost of electricity.
•By using the modern technique of reusing of wastes, we can even produce
electricity.
•By these methods we can produce fuel ,which is eco friendly I,e, there would be
no harm to environment.
OUR GOAL
• Turn this waste into useful electric
power.
ELECTRICITY FROM WASTE
• Waste to energy power plant.
POWER PLANT WORKING PRINCIPLE
•Essentially, these plants burn MSW to power steam
turbines.
•These turbines send electricity to the power grid.
•The products of this burning process are water vapor
and harmless ash that is used for aggregate and
metals.
•The rest of this ash is disposed in landfills but takes
up 90% less space than MSW
POWER PLANT WORKING PRINCIPLE
•Electricity can be produced from waste through direct combustion, and the
released heat is utilized to produce steam to drive a turbine. This indirect
generation has an efficiency level of about 15% to 27%, with modern plants
reaching the higher end of the range. The electrical efficiency rate from
incineration is usually higher than from gasification due to lower operating
temperatures, steam pressure and overall energy required to run the plant.
POWER PLANT WORKING PRINCIPLE
•Energy recovery from waste is the
conversion of non-recyclable waste
materials into usable heat, electricity, or
fuel through a variety of processes,
including combustion, gasification,
polarization, anaerobic digestion and
landfill gas recovery. This process is
often called waste to energy.
MATERIAL PROCESS
•Waste material is received in an enclosed
receiving area, where it is more thoroughly
mixed in preparation for combustion.
Negative airflow will carry dust and odor
into the combustion chamber from the
receiving area, along with the waste to
eliminate its spread outside the facility.
MONITOR AND CONTROL
•The air stream rising to the stack is continuously
monitored to ensure compliance with air quality
standards. The entire process can be controlled to
optimize efficiency in the combustion, heat and
steam generation, electrical energy, and
environmental control processes.
EFFICIENT COMBUSTION
•Mixed waste enters the combustion chamber on
a timed moving grate, which turns it over
repeatedly to keep it exposed and burning—the
way turning over or poking a fireplace log
brightens the fire. A measured injection of
oxygen and fumes drawn from the receiving
area makes for a more complete burn.
STEAM POWER GENERATION
•Highly efficient superheated steam powers the steam turbine generator. The
cooling steam is cycled back into water through the condenser or diverted as a
heat source for buildings or desalinization plants. Cooled stream is reheated in
the economizer and superheater to complete the steam cycle.
ELECTRIC POWER AND HEAT
•A 1,000 ton-per-day WTE plant produces enough electricity for 15,000
households. Each ton of waste can power a household for a month. If combined
with a cogeneration plant design, WTE plants can, while producing electricity,
also supply heat for nearby businesses, desalination plants and other purposes.
COST
•The typical plant with capacity of 400GWh energy production annually costs
about 440 million dollars to build.
•Cost also depending on land of plant, Transportation etc.
HAPPY TALKING !!!
• Waste-to-energy isn’t just a trash disposal method. It’s a way to recover valuable resources.
Waste-to-energy is a vital part of a sustainable waste management chain and is fully
complementary to recycling. Today, it is possible to reuse 90% of the metals contained in the
bottom ash. And the remaining clinker can be reused as road material.
FUTURE OPPORTUNITY
• Proper use of waste
• Clean Environment
• Economical issue
• Material
REFERENCE
1. ENERGYRECOVERYCOUNCIL.ORG. WEB. NOVEMBER 1, 2016.
2. HODGE, B. K. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS. HOBOKEN: JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., 2010. PRINT.
3. MEMPHISTN.GOV. WEB. NOVEMBER 1, 2016.
4. POWERGEN.GEPOWER.COM. WEB. NOVEMBER 1, 2016.
5. WTE.ORG. WEB. NOVEMBER 1, 2016.
6. "MEMPHIS LIGHT, GAS AND WATER - COMMERCIAL", MLGW.COM, 2016. [ONLINE]. AVAILABLE:
HTTP://WWW.MLGW.COM/COMMERCIAL/COMMERCIALRATES. [ACCESSED: 29- NOV- 2016].
7. "WASTE-TO-ENERGY (MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE) - ENERGY EXPLAINED, YOUR GUIDE TOUNDERSTANDING ENERGY -
ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION", EIA.GOV, 2016. [ONLINE]. AVAILABLE:
HTTP://WWW.EIA.GOV/ENERGYEXPLAINED/INDEX.CFM/DATA/INDEX.CFM?PAGE=BIOMAS S_WASTE_TO_ENERGY.
[ACCESSED: 29- NOV- 2016].
8. "WASTE CONCERN, DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT. (2004). COUNTRY PAPER BANGLADESH"
PRESENTED BY
• Md. Aseer Awsaf
https://www.linkedin.com/in/aseerawsaf/

More Related Content

What's hot

Industrial energy efficiency techniques and energy management (1)
Industrial energy efficiency techniques and energy management (1)Industrial energy efficiency techniques and energy management (1)
Industrial energy efficiency techniques and energy management (1)Anish Maman
 
Waste to energy projects with reference to MSW, Sourabh Manuja, TERI, India
Waste to energy projects with reference to MSW, Sourabh Manuja, TERI, IndiaWaste to energy projects with reference to MSW, Sourabh Manuja, TERI, India
Waste to energy projects with reference to MSW, Sourabh Manuja, TERI, IndiaESD UNU-IAS
 
Energy conservation in industry
Energy conservation in industryEnergy conservation in industry
Energy conservation in industrySameer Kumar Rout
 
ENERGY CONSERVATION report By EE-63
ENERGY CONSERVATION report By EE-63ENERGY CONSERVATION report By EE-63
ENERGY CONSERVATION report By EE-63Dinesh Kumar
 
Renewable energy Sources, Efficiency, Uses and latest Research
Renewable energy Sources, Efficiency, Uses and latest Research Renewable energy Sources, Efficiency, Uses and latest Research
Renewable energy Sources, Efficiency, Uses and latest Research Zohaib HUSSAIN
 
Introduction to energy management system
Introduction to energy management system Introduction to energy management system
Introduction to energy management system ZAINI ABDUL WAHAB
 
Energy production & consumption
Energy production & consumptionEnergy production & consumption
Energy production & consumptioncdenef
 
Small hydro power in india
Small hydro power in indiaSmall hydro power in india
Small hydro power in indiaAshish Verma
 
Energy efficiency in electrical system and Energy Tariffs in Nepal
Energy efficiency in electrical system and Energy Tariffs in NepalEnergy efficiency in electrical system and Energy Tariffs in Nepal
Energy efficiency in electrical system and Energy Tariffs in Nepaleecfncci
 
Environmental impacts of renewable energy technologies
Environmental impacts of renewable energy technologiesEnvironmental impacts of renewable energy technologies
Environmental impacts of renewable energy technologiesRamaraj90033
 
POWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGN
POWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGNPOWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGN
POWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGNHardik Pandya
 

What's hot (20)

Energy Efficiency
Energy EfficiencyEnergy Efficiency
Energy Efficiency
 
Industrial energy efficiency techniques and energy management (1)
Industrial energy efficiency techniques and energy management (1)Industrial energy efficiency techniques and energy management (1)
Industrial energy efficiency techniques and energy management (1)
 
Energy Management
Energy ManagementEnergy Management
Energy Management
 
Waste to energy projects with reference to MSW, Sourabh Manuja, TERI, India
Waste to energy projects with reference to MSW, Sourabh Manuja, TERI, IndiaWaste to energy projects with reference to MSW, Sourabh Manuja, TERI, India
Waste to energy projects with reference to MSW, Sourabh Manuja, TERI, India
 
Energy conservation in industry
Energy conservation in industryEnergy conservation in industry
Energy conservation in industry
 
ENERGY CONSERVATION report By EE-63
ENERGY CONSERVATION report By EE-63ENERGY CONSERVATION report By EE-63
ENERGY CONSERVATION report By EE-63
 
Energy efficiency solutions slide share
Energy efficiency solutions  slide shareEnergy efficiency solutions  slide share
Energy efficiency solutions slide share
 
Universal Electrification Development Strategies for Ethiopia
Universal Electrification Development Strategies for EthiopiaUniversal Electrification Development Strategies for Ethiopia
Universal Electrification Development Strategies for Ethiopia
 
Renewable energy Sources, Efficiency, Uses and latest Research
Renewable energy Sources, Efficiency, Uses and latest Research Renewable energy Sources, Efficiency, Uses and latest Research
Renewable energy Sources, Efficiency, Uses and latest Research
 
Introduction to energy management system
Introduction to energy management system Introduction to energy management system
Introduction to energy management system
 
Energy production & consumption
Energy production & consumptionEnergy production & consumption
Energy production & consumption
 
Energy use Awareness
Energy use  AwarenessEnergy use  Awareness
Energy use Awareness
 
Small hydro power in india
Small hydro power in indiaSmall hydro power in india
Small hydro power in india
 
Energy audit
Energy auditEnergy audit
Energy audit
 
Energy audit
Energy auditEnergy audit
Energy audit
 
Energy efficiency in electrical system and Energy Tariffs in Nepal
Energy efficiency in electrical system and Energy Tariffs in NepalEnergy efficiency in electrical system and Energy Tariffs in Nepal
Energy efficiency in electrical system and Energy Tariffs in Nepal
 
Energy Economics
Energy EconomicsEnergy Economics
Energy Economics
 
Environmental impacts of renewable energy technologies
Environmental impacts of renewable energy technologiesEnvironmental impacts of renewable energy technologies
Environmental impacts of renewable energy technologies
 
POWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGN
POWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGNPOWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGN
POWER SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGN
 
Energy scenario
Energy scenarioEnergy scenario
Energy scenario
 

Similar to Energy Generation from Waste

Green Technology Green Innovations
Green Technology Green InnovationsGreen Technology Green Innovations
Green Technology Green InnovationsArpit Agarwal
 
Design of energy recovery plant from municipal solid waste
Design of energy recovery plant from municipal solid wasteDesign of energy recovery plant from municipal solid waste
Design of energy recovery plant from municipal solid wasteGARRE RAVI KUMAR
 
Pyrolysis of plastics
Pyrolysis of plasticsPyrolysis of plastics
Pyrolysis of plasticsVigneshJ56
 
Green buildings and Renewable energy
Green buildings and Renewable energyGreen buildings and Renewable energy
Green buildings and Renewable energyron55456545
 
Waste to energy proposal
Waste to energy proposalWaste to energy proposal
Waste to energy proposalMubbara Arshad
 
Preliminary project work .pptx
Preliminary project work .pptxPreliminary project work .pptx
Preliminary project work .pptxssuser9b43b32
 
Renewable Energy Source .pptx
Renewable Energy Source .pptxRenewable Energy Source .pptx
Renewable Energy Source .pptxSAMIRDE6
 
Kuching | Jan-15 | Cambodia Millennium Village
Kuching | Jan-15 | Cambodia Millennium VillageKuching | Jan-15 | Cambodia Millennium Village
Kuching | Jan-15 | Cambodia Millennium VillageSmart Villages
 
Vision towards an Eco city
Vision towards an Eco city  Vision towards an Eco city
Vision towards an Eco city saifur rahman
 
Solid waste management
Solid waste managementSolid waste management
Solid waste managementSanthosh Kumar
 
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)mamdouh sabour
 
Energy through biogas in rural india by eshan ahuja
Energy through biogas in rural india by eshan ahujaEnergy through biogas in rural india by eshan ahuja
Energy through biogas in rural india by eshan ahujaeshanahuja
 
WASTE TO ENERGY PRESENTATION
WASTE TO ENERGY PRESENTATIONWASTE TO ENERGY PRESENTATION
WASTE TO ENERGY PRESENTATIONprapti borthakur
 
Seacliff Energy Ltd.
Seacliff Energy Ltd.Seacliff Energy Ltd.
Seacliff Energy Ltd.BringFoodHome
 

Similar to Energy Generation from Waste (20)

Green Technology Green Innovations
Green Technology Green InnovationsGreen Technology Green Innovations
Green Technology Green Innovations
 
Waste to energy
Waste to energyWaste to energy
Waste to energy
 
Clean energy technology
Clean energy technologyClean energy technology
Clean energy technology
 
Design of energy recovery plant from municipal solid waste
Design of energy recovery plant from municipal solid wasteDesign of energy recovery plant from municipal solid waste
Design of energy recovery plant from municipal solid waste
 
Pyrolysis of plastics
Pyrolysis of plasticsPyrolysis of plastics
Pyrolysis of plastics
 
Green buildings and Renewable energy
Green buildings and Renewable energyGreen buildings and Renewable energy
Green buildings and Renewable energy
 
Biomass gassfier presentation
Biomass gassfier presentationBiomass gassfier presentation
Biomass gassfier presentation
 
Waste to energy proposal
Waste to energy proposalWaste to energy proposal
Waste to energy proposal
 
Preliminary project work .pptx
Preliminary project work .pptxPreliminary project work .pptx
Preliminary project work .pptx
 
Renewable Energy Source .pptx
Renewable Energy Source .pptxRenewable Energy Source .pptx
Renewable Energy Source .pptx
 
Kuching | Jan-15 | Cambodia Millennium Village
Kuching | Jan-15 | Cambodia Millennium VillageKuching | Jan-15 | Cambodia Millennium Village
Kuching | Jan-15 | Cambodia Millennium Village
 
Vision towards an Eco city
Vision towards an Eco city  Vision towards an Eco city
Vision towards an Eco city
 
Solid waste management
Solid waste managementSolid waste management
Solid waste management
 
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
 
Energy through biogas in rural india by eshan ahuja
Energy through biogas in rural india by eshan ahujaEnergy through biogas in rural india by eshan ahuja
Energy through biogas in rural india by eshan ahuja
 
WASTE TO ENERGY PRESENTATION
WASTE TO ENERGY PRESENTATIONWASTE TO ENERGY PRESENTATION
WASTE TO ENERGY PRESENTATION
 
Energy presentation
Energy presentationEnergy presentation
Energy presentation
 
Josephites1
Josephites1Josephites1
Josephites1
 
Seacliff Energy Ltd.
Seacliff Energy Ltd.Seacliff Energy Ltd.
Seacliff Energy Ltd.
 
Waste is wealth
Waste is wealthWaste is wealth
Waste is wealth
 

Recently uploaded

22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...KrishnaveniKrishnara1
 
Defining the Clouds for entriprises.pptx
Defining the Clouds for entriprises.pptxDefining the Clouds for entriprises.pptx
Defining the Clouds for entriprises.pptxAshwiniTodkar4
 
Madani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
Madani.store - Planning - Interview QuestionsMadani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
Madani.store - Planning - Interview QuestionsKarim Gaber
 
maths mini project ( applictions of quadratic forms and SVD ).ppt
maths mini project ( applictions of quadratic forms and SVD ).pptmaths mini project ( applictions of quadratic forms and SVD ).ppt
maths mini project ( applictions of quadratic forms and SVD ).pptManavPatane
 
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...gerogepatton
 
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATIONSOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATIONSneha Padhiar
 
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech LabsSecure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labsamber724300
 
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptxJavier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptxJavier Fernández Muñoz
 
Introduction to Machine Learning Part1.pptx
Introduction to Machine Learning Part1.pptxIntroduction to Machine Learning Part1.pptx
Introduction to Machine Learning Part1.pptxPavan Mohan Neelamraju
 
Pyrolysis process control: temperature control design and application for opt...
Pyrolysis process control: temperature control design and application for opt...Pyrolysis process control: temperature control design and application for opt...
Pyrolysis process control: temperature control design and application for opt...IJECEIAES
 
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based questionCost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based questionSneha Padhiar
 
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitosKCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitosVictor Morales
 
A brief look at visionOS - How to develop app on Apple's Vision Pro
A brief look at visionOS - How to develop app on Apple's Vision ProA brief look at visionOS - How to develop app on Apple's Vision Pro
A brief look at visionOS - How to develop app on Apple's Vision ProRay Yuan Liu
 
Madani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
Madani.store - Planning - Interview QuestionsMadani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
Madani.store - Planning - Interview QuestionsKarim Gaber
 
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.elesangwon
 
Overview of IS 16700:2023 (by priyansh verma)
Overview of IS 16700:2023 (by priyansh verma)Overview of IS 16700:2023 (by priyansh verma)
Overview of IS 16700:2023 (by priyansh verma)Priyansh
 
LEA's chemistry of cement and concrete - 2019.pdf
LEA's chemistry of cement and concrete - 2019.pdfLEA's chemistry of cement and concrete - 2019.pdf
LEA's chemistry of cement and concrete - 2019.pdfJurgen Kola
 
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and trackingDetection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and trackinghadarpinhas1
 
Livre Implementing_Six_Sigma_and_Lean_A_prac([Ron_Basu]_).pdf
Livre Implementing_Six_Sigma_and_Lean_A_prac([Ron_Basu]_).pdfLivre Implementing_Six_Sigma_and_Lean_A_prac([Ron_Basu]_).pdf
Livre Implementing_Six_Sigma_and_Lean_A_prac([Ron_Basu]_).pdfsaad175691
 

Recently uploaded (20)

22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
 
ASME-B31.4-2019-estandar para diseño de ductos
ASME-B31.4-2019-estandar para diseño de ductosASME-B31.4-2019-estandar para diseño de ductos
ASME-B31.4-2019-estandar para diseño de ductos
 
Defining the Clouds for entriprises.pptx
Defining the Clouds for entriprises.pptxDefining the Clouds for entriprises.pptx
Defining the Clouds for entriprises.pptx
 
Madani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
Madani.store - Planning - Interview QuestionsMadani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
Madani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
 
maths mini project ( applictions of quadratic forms and SVD ).ppt
maths mini project ( applictions of quadratic forms and SVD ).pptmaths mini project ( applictions of quadratic forms and SVD ).ppt
maths mini project ( applictions of quadratic forms and SVD ).ppt
 
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
 
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATIONSOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
 
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech LabsSecure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
 
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptxJavier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
 
Introduction to Machine Learning Part1.pptx
Introduction to Machine Learning Part1.pptxIntroduction to Machine Learning Part1.pptx
Introduction to Machine Learning Part1.pptx
 
Pyrolysis process control: temperature control design and application for opt...
Pyrolysis process control: temperature control design and application for opt...Pyrolysis process control: temperature control design and application for opt...
Pyrolysis process control: temperature control design and application for opt...
 
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based questionCost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
Cost estimation approach: FP to COCOMO scenario based question
 
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitosKCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
 
A brief look at visionOS - How to develop app on Apple's Vision Pro
A brief look at visionOS - How to develop app on Apple's Vision ProA brief look at visionOS - How to develop app on Apple's Vision Pro
A brief look at visionOS - How to develop app on Apple's Vision Pro
 
Madani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
Madani.store - Planning - Interview QuestionsMadani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
Madani.store - Planning - Interview Questions
 
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
 
Overview of IS 16700:2023 (by priyansh verma)
Overview of IS 16700:2023 (by priyansh verma)Overview of IS 16700:2023 (by priyansh verma)
Overview of IS 16700:2023 (by priyansh verma)
 
LEA's chemistry of cement and concrete - 2019.pdf
LEA's chemistry of cement and concrete - 2019.pdfLEA's chemistry of cement and concrete - 2019.pdf
LEA's chemistry of cement and concrete - 2019.pdf
 
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and trackingDetection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
 
Livre Implementing_Six_Sigma_and_Lean_A_prac([Ron_Basu]_).pdf
Livre Implementing_Six_Sigma_and_Lean_A_prac([Ron_Basu]_).pdfLivre Implementing_Six_Sigma_and_Lean_A_prac([Ron_Basu]_).pdf
Livre Implementing_Six_Sigma_and_Lean_A_prac([Ron_Basu]_).pdf
 

Energy Generation from Waste

  • 1.
  • 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS • MSW • Waste management in Bangladesh. • Our Focus • Electricity from Waste • System overview. • Future opportunity
  • 3. MSW •Municipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known as trash or garbage.
  • 4. MSW •If it continues we will find dumping yards every where other than houses.
  • 5. Here’s the Good news. •There is a remedy through which we can prevent that situation and at the same time we can save our money too. •The remedy for that situation is reusing the wastes through •which we can make use of those wastes and thus we can be a part of making this world clean.
  • 6. Waste Management In Bangladesh • According to an UNFPA report, Dhaka is one of the most polluted cities in the world and one of the issues concerned is the management of municipal waste.[2] •Current (2012) waste generation in Bangladesh is around 22.4 million tonnes per year or 150 kg/cap/year.[8] There is an increasing rate of waste generation in Bangladesh and it is projected to reach 47, 064 tonnes per day by 2025.[8] The rate of waste generation is expected to increase to 220 kg/cap/year in 2025. A significant percentage of the population has zero access to proper waste disposal services, which will in effect lead to the problem of waste mismanagement.[2]
  • 7. Waste Management In Bangladesh •The total waste collection rate in major cities of Bangladesh such as Dhaka is only 37%. When waste is not properly collected, it will be illegally disposed of and this will pose serious environmental and health hazards to the Bangladeshis.[4] •There have been recent developments in Bangladesh to improve waste management, especially in urban cities. In Dhaka, Dhaka City Corporation with support from the Japan International Corporation Agency (JICA) has a master plan underway to better handle the solid waste management in Dhaka.
  • 8. OUR FOCUS •Especially in our country we find a lot of power cuts during summer season , because of insufficient power production. •We will also observe always there is a rise in the cost of electricity. •By using the modern technique of reusing of wastes, we can even produce electricity. •By these methods we can produce fuel ,which is eco friendly I,e, there would be no harm to environment.
  • 9. OUR GOAL • Turn this waste into useful electric power.
  • 10. ELECTRICITY FROM WASTE • Waste to energy power plant.
  • 11. POWER PLANT WORKING PRINCIPLE •Essentially, these plants burn MSW to power steam turbines. •These turbines send electricity to the power grid. •The products of this burning process are water vapor and harmless ash that is used for aggregate and metals. •The rest of this ash is disposed in landfills but takes up 90% less space than MSW
  • 12. POWER PLANT WORKING PRINCIPLE •Electricity can be produced from waste through direct combustion, and the released heat is utilized to produce steam to drive a turbine. This indirect generation has an efficiency level of about 15% to 27%, with modern plants reaching the higher end of the range. The electrical efficiency rate from incineration is usually higher than from gasification due to lower operating temperatures, steam pressure and overall energy required to run the plant.
  • 13. POWER PLANT WORKING PRINCIPLE •Energy recovery from waste is the conversion of non-recyclable waste materials into usable heat, electricity, or fuel through a variety of processes, including combustion, gasification, polarization, anaerobic digestion and landfill gas recovery. This process is often called waste to energy.
  • 14. MATERIAL PROCESS •Waste material is received in an enclosed receiving area, where it is more thoroughly mixed in preparation for combustion. Negative airflow will carry dust and odor into the combustion chamber from the receiving area, along with the waste to eliminate its spread outside the facility.
  • 15. MONITOR AND CONTROL •The air stream rising to the stack is continuously monitored to ensure compliance with air quality standards. The entire process can be controlled to optimize efficiency in the combustion, heat and steam generation, electrical energy, and environmental control processes.
  • 16. EFFICIENT COMBUSTION •Mixed waste enters the combustion chamber on a timed moving grate, which turns it over repeatedly to keep it exposed and burning—the way turning over or poking a fireplace log brightens the fire. A measured injection of oxygen and fumes drawn from the receiving area makes for a more complete burn.
  • 17. STEAM POWER GENERATION •Highly efficient superheated steam powers the steam turbine generator. The cooling steam is cycled back into water through the condenser or diverted as a heat source for buildings or desalinization plants. Cooled stream is reheated in the economizer and superheater to complete the steam cycle.
  • 18. ELECTRIC POWER AND HEAT •A 1,000 ton-per-day WTE plant produces enough electricity for 15,000 households. Each ton of waste can power a household for a month. If combined with a cogeneration plant design, WTE plants can, while producing electricity, also supply heat for nearby businesses, desalination plants and other purposes.
  • 19. COST •The typical plant with capacity of 400GWh energy production annually costs about 440 million dollars to build. •Cost also depending on land of plant, Transportation etc.
  • 20. HAPPY TALKING !!! • Waste-to-energy isn’t just a trash disposal method. It’s a way to recover valuable resources. Waste-to-energy is a vital part of a sustainable waste management chain and is fully complementary to recycling. Today, it is possible to reuse 90% of the metals contained in the bottom ash. And the remaining clinker can be reused as road material.
  • 21. FUTURE OPPORTUNITY • Proper use of waste • Clean Environment • Economical issue • Material
  • 22. REFERENCE 1. ENERGYRECOVERYCOUNCIL.ORG. WEB. NOVEMBER 1, 2016. 2. HODGE, B. K. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS. HOBOKEN: JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., 2010. PRINT. 3. MEMPHISTN.GOV. WEB. NOVEMBER 1, 2016. 4. POWERGEN.GEPOWER.COM. WEB. NOVEMBER 1, 2016. 5. WTE.ORG. WEB. NOVEMBER 1, 2016. 6. "MEMPHIS LIGHT, GAS AND WATER - COMMERCIAL", MLGW.COM, 2016. [ONLINE]. AVAILABLE: HTTP://WWW.MLGW.COM/COMMERCIAL/COMMERCIALRATES. [ACCESSED: 29- NOV- 2016]. 7. "WASTE-TO-ENERGY (MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE) - ENERGY EXPLAINED, YOUR GUIDE TOUNDERSTANDING ENERGY - ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION", EIA.GOV, 2016. [ONLINE]. AVAILABLE: HTTP://WWW.EIA.GOV/ENERGYEXPLAINED/INDEX.CFM/DATA/INDEX.CFM?PAGE=BIOMAS S_WASTE_TO_ENERGY. [ACCESSED: 29- NOV- 2016]. 8. "WASTE CONCERN, DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT. (2004). COUNTRY PAPER BANGLADESH"
  • 23. PRESENTED BY • Md. Aseer Awsaf https://www.linkedin.com/in/aseerawsaf/