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Actionable Software Visualization (best paper award) VISSOFT 2016

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Towards Actionable Visualisation in Software Development (best paper award) VISSOFT'16. Leonel Merino, Mohammad Ghafari, Oscar Nierstrasz.

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Actionable Software Visualization (best paper award) VISSOFT 2016

  1. 1. Towards Actionable Visualisation in Software Development Leonel Merino Mohammad Ghafari Oscar Nierstrasz Software Composition Group University of Bern merino@inf.unibe.ch @leonel_merino
  2. 2. “SV takes advantage of human cognitive skills to discover unstructured insights from the visual presentations of complex and voluminous data” [Basit’15]. “SV is broadly concerned with the challenge of representing software systems, which are notoriously intangible, in graphical terms that provide insight to a developer” [Scarle’15]. Software Visualisation 2
  3. 3. “SV takes advantage of human cognitive skills to discover unstructured insights from the visual presentations of complex and voluminous data” [Basit’15]. “SV is broadly concerned with the challenge of representing software systems, which are notoriously intangible, in graphical terms that provide insight to a developer” [Scarle’15]. Software Visualisation 3
  4. 4. “SV takes advantage of human cognitive skills to discover unstructured insights from the visual presentations of complex and voluminous data” [Basit’15]. “SV is broadly concerned with the challenge of representing software systems, which are notoriously intangible, in graphical terms that provide insight to a developer” [Scarle’15]. Software Visualisation 4
  5. 5. “SV takes advantage of human cognitive skills to discover unstructured insights from the visual presentations of complex and voluminous data” [Basit’15]. “SV is broadly concerned with the challenge of representing software systems, which are notoriously intangible, in graphical terms that provide insight to a developer” [Scarle’15]. Software Visualisation 5
  6. 6. “SV takes advantage of human cognitive skills to discover unstructured insights from the visual presentations of complex and voluminous data” [Basit’15]. “SV is broadly concerned with the challenge of representing software systems, which are notoriously intangible, in graphical terms that provide insight to a developer” [Scarle’15]. Software Visualisation 6
  7. 7. “SV takes advantage of human cognitive skills to discover unstructured insights from the visual presentations of complex and voluminous data” [Basit’15]. “SV is broadly concerned with the challenge of representing software systems, which are notoriously intangible, in graphical terms that provide insight to a developer” [Scarle’15]. Software Visualisation 7
  8. 8. Many Success Stories 8 SourceVis [Anslow’13] [Maletic’13] MosaicCode [Adam’10]FlyBy [de Pauw’10]Zinsigh
  9. 9. RQ1. What are the characteristics of visualisation techniques that support developers needs? 9
  10. 10. RQ2. How well are various problem domains supported by visualisation? 10
  11. 11. 31 46 46 32 21 34 19 14 12 18 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Design study Technique Systems Model Formalism # studies VISSOFT (176) SOFTVIS (97) 11
  12. 12. 31 46 46 32 21 34 19 14 12 18 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Design study Technique Systems Model Formalism # studies VISSOFT (176) SOFTVIS (97) 12
  13. 13. 20 20 20 23 41 28 33 13 34 14 32 25 31 7 2 8 1 5 2 4 1 10 4 7 4 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 SOFTVIS '03 VISSOFT '03 SOFTVIS '05 VISSOFT '05 SOFTVIS '06 VISSOFT '07 SOFTVIS '08 VISSOFT '09 SOFTVIS '10 VISSOFT '11 VISSOFT '13 VISSOFT '14 VISSOFT '15 # studies Total Included Poly. (Total) Poly. (Included) 13
  14. 14. scg.unibe.ch/research/visualisation-review Selected Selected Selectedde Pauw, W.de Pauw, W.de Pauw, W. 14
  15. 15. scg.unibe.ch/research/visualisation-review Selected Maletic, J.I.Maletic, J.I.Maletic, J.I. 15
  16. 16. scg.unibe.ch/research/visualisation-review Selected Selected Sahraoui, H.Sahraoui, H.Sahraoui, H. 16
  17. 17. scg.unibe.ch/research/visualisation-review Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Lanza, M. Beck, F. Lanza, M. Beck, F. Lanza, M. Beck, F. Lanza, M. Beck, F. Lanza, M. Beck, F. 17
  18. 18. Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected SelectedSelected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Lanza, M. Beck, F. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. an Author a Paper a Selected Paper Authorship Height number of pages Publication Year in SOFTVIS Publication Year in VISSOFT Lanza, M. Beck, F. Noble, J. Jones, J.A. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. Parnin, C. Sahraoui, H. Lanza, M. de Pauw, W. Fittkau, F. Maletic, J.I. Beck, F. Noble, J. Jones, J.A. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. Parnin, C. Sahraoui, H. Lanza, M. de Pauw, W. Fittkau, F. Maletic, J.I. Beck, F. Noble, J. Jones, J.A. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. Parnin, C. Sahraoui, H. Lanza, M. Bohnet, J. de Pauw, W. Fittkau, F. Maletic, J.I. Beck, F. Noble, J. Jones, J.A. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. scg.unibe.ch/research/visualisation-review 18
  19. 19. Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected SelectedSelected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Selected Lanza, M. Beck, F. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. an Author a Paper a Selected Paper Authorship Height number of pages Publication Year in SOFTVIS Publication Year in VISSOFT Lanza, M. Beck, F. Noble, J. Jones, J.A. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. Parnin, C. Sahraoui, H. Lanza, M. de Pauw, W. Fittkau, F. Maletic, J.I. Beck, F. Noble, J. Jones, J.A. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. Parnin, C. Sahraoui, H. Lanza, M. de Pauw, W. Fittkau, F. Maletic, J.I. Beck, F. Noble, J. Jones, J.A. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. Parnin, C. Sahraoui, H. Lanza, M. Bohnet, J. de Pauw, W. Fittkau, F. Maletic, J.I. Beck, F. Noble, J. Jones, J.A. Reiss, S.P. Telea, A. scg.unibe.ch/research/visualisation-review 19
  20. 20. Extracted Data e.g., lviz e.g., maintenance e.g., wall display e.g., dense pixel e.g., QA Engineer e.g., source code 20
  21. 21. Extracted Data 21 e.g., how are clones distributed in system structure?
  22. 22. e.g., refactoring
  23. 23. 23 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 SOFTVIS'03 SOFTVIS'05 SOFTVIS'06 SOFTVIS'08 SOFTVIS'10 VISSOFT'03 VISSOFT'05 VISSOFT'07 VISSOFT'09 VISSOFT'11 VISSOFT'13 VISSOFT'14 VISSOFT'15 Debugging Programming Reverse Engineering Maintenance SoFware Process Management TesHng
  24. 24. 75% 25% Goal e.g., “to get a better insight into the control flow inside a program” Question e.g., “what is the software doing when performance issues arise?” 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 0 5 10 15 20 25 Running System Source Code Version Control System Documenta:on Changes Spreadsheets 26
  27. 27. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Java C C++ C# Smalltalk VB Pascal 0 5 10 15 20 25 Running System Source Code Version Control System Documenta:on Changes Spreadsheets 27
  28. 28. IconicStacked Geometrically-Transformed Dense Pixel 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 80% Not identified 30
  31. 31. 80% Not identified 10% Standard 31
  32. 32. 80% Not identified 4% Wall display 10% Standard 32
  33. 33. 80% Not identified 10% Standard 4% Wall display 2% Projection screens 2% Multi-touch tables 2% Immersive 3D environment 33
  34. 34. D3 OpenCloud MT4j JFreeChart
  35. 35. OpenGL GLUT Globsym wxWidgets Extractor D3 OpenCloud C++ VR Juggler Roassal Eclipse Visualization Toolkit (Zest) wxWindows MT4j FTGL FreeType Viewer abego TreeLayout JFreeChart 36
  36. 36. NetBeans Visual Library.Java 8 Java Control FX Java3D Java FX C++ Graphisto ToolkitOpenJDK 1.6.0 18 (64bit) TreeMap Java Library GraphStream Java 6 abego TreeLayout yFiles library Qt un Swing 37
  37. 37. OpenGL NetBeans Visual Library. GLUT Java 8 Stencil visualization environment Prefuse toolkit Java Globsym Control FX wxWidgets Extractor Java3D D3 OpenCloud Java FX C++ VR Juggler G4P dot Roassal Eclipse Visualization Toolkit (Zest) Graphisto ToolkitOpenJDK 1.6.0 18 (64bit) wxWindows TreeMap Java Library GraphStream Java 6 MT4j GraphViz Palantir FTGL FreeType Viewer abego TreeLayout Trevis yFiles library Qt jMonkeyEngine JFreeChart CCJun Swing 38
  38. 38. -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 Ra)onale Intent and implementa)on Debugging Refactoring Implica)ons History Implemen)ng Tes)ng Contracts Control flow Type rela)onships Data flow Performance Policies Loca)on Teammates Architecture Building and branching Concurrency Method proper)es Dependencies visualisa)on proposed developer needs
  39. 39. Call-to-Action 40
  40. 40. Future Work Software Visualization
  41. 41. Future Work Software Visualization
  42. 42. Summary merino@inf.unibe.ch @leonel_merinoscg.unibe.ch/research/visualisation-review

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