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Reading and
Writing Skills
Karl Patrick Nikko B. Dela Cruz
Master Teacher I – SDO Malolos
SLIDESMANIA.COM
SLIDESMANIA.COM
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 1
The Chinatown in Binondo, Manila is the oldest in the
world.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
FACT- Binondo is the world's oldest Chinatown,
established in the 1590s by the Spanish as a
settlement for Catholic Chinese.
Yes, it is TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
No, it is not
FALSE!
FACT- Binondo is the world's oldest Chinatown,
established in the 1590s by the Spanish as a
settlement for Catholic Chinese.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 2
Mandarin is the less spoken language.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
BLUFF- Mandarin Chinese is the most spoken and
largest language in the world.
No, it is not
TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
BLUFF- Mandarin Chinese is the most spoken and
largest language in the world.
Yes, it is FALSE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 3
Batanes is the smallest province in the Philippines.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
FACT - Batanes, called the Home of the Winds, is
considered the smallest province in the Philippines
with only 230 kilometers of total land area.
Yes, it is TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
FACT - Batanes, called the Home of the Winds, is
considered the smallest province in the Philippines
with only 230 kilometers of total land area.
No, it is not
FALSE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 4
Albert Einstein failed Mathematics in school.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
BLUFF- Albert Einstein was actually very good at
math and excelled in the subject.
No, it is not
TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
BLUFF- Albert Einstein was actually very good at
math and excelled in the subject.
Yes, it is FALSE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 5
The tallest mountain in the world is Mt. Everest.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
FACT- Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain in the
world, standing at 29,029 feet (88,48 meters.
Yes, it is TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
FACT- Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain in the
world, standing at 29,029 feet (88,48 meters.
No, it is not
FALSE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 6
Mayon Volcano in Bicol is considered the world’s
most perfect cone-shaped volcano.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
FACT- Mayon is a classic stratovolcano with a small
central summit crater. The cone is considered the
world's most perfectly formed volcano for its
symmetry.
Yes, it is TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
FACT- Mayon is a classic stratovolcano with a small
central summit crater. The cone is considered the
world's most perfectly formed volcano for its
symmetry.
No, it is not
FALSE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 7
The Great Wall of China can be seen from space.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Bluff- The Great Wall of China cannot be seen from
space with the naked eye, although it is visible
from low Earth orbit with the aid of magnification.
No, it is not
TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Bluff- The Great Wall of China cannot be seen from
space with the naked eye, although it is visible
from low Earth orbit with the aid of magnification.
Yes, it is FALSE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 8
Water boils at 100 degrees celsius at sea level.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Fact- Water boils at 100 degrees celsius at sea level
under standard condtions.
Yes, it is TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Fact- Water boils at 100 degrees celsius at sea level
under standard condtions.
No, it is not
FALSE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 9
The human brain stops developing at the age of 25.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
The human brain continues to develop and change
throughout a person’s life.
No, it is not
TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
The human brain continues to develop and change
throughout a person’s life.
Yes, it is FALSE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Number 10
The earth is flat.
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Bluff- There are enough scientific evidence to
prove that the Earth is really round.
No, it is not
TRUE!
SLIDESMANIA.COM
Bluff- There are enough scientific evidence to
prove that the Earth is really round.
Yes, it is FALSE!
Claims of Facts
Objective: Identify claims explicitly or
implicitly made in a written text
a. Claim of fact
MOST ESSENTIAL
LEARNING
COMPETENCY
Identify claims explicitly or implicitly
made in a written text
a. Claim of fact
b. Claim of policy
c. Claim of value
Claims are statements that
assert something to be true. It
can be either a fact or a
judgment you have made.
Claims can work on their own
work together with other claims
to form a larger argument.
Examples of claims:
• The Earth is flat.
• Robert Downey Jr. is a good actor
• Pewdiepie is having a child.
Non-examples of claims:
• Go to the bathroom.
• Where is my Aquaflask jug?
Claims can either be
explicit or implicit.
Explicit claims -
assertions that are said
by the text
Implicit claims- assertions
that are meant by the text
(even though it is not
necessarily said)
There are three kinds of book owners. The first has all
the standard sets and best sellers—unread, untouched.
(This deluded individual owns wood-pulp and ink, not
books.) The second has a great many books—a few of
them read through, most of them dipped into, but all of
them as clean and shiny as the day they were bought.
(This person would probably like to make books his own
but is restrained by a false respect for their physical
appearance.) The third has a few books or many—every
one of them dog—eared and dilapidated, shaken and
loosened by continual use, marked and scribbled in front
to back. (This man owns books).
--Mortimer Adler, “How to Mark a Book,” Saturday
Review
EXPLICIT CLAIM: There are three types of
book owners: those who only own them
without reading, those who own and read
them but respect their appearance, and those
who own and read the books to their full
capacity.
IMPLICIT CLAIM: Real book owners read
their books not because they want to keep a
collection but because they genuinely want to
study and understand the books.
What is a Claim
of Facts?
44
Claim of Facts
A claim of fact is a statement that
asserts that something is true or
false. It is based on evidence, data,
or other objective sources.
What is a Claim
of Facts?
45
Examples of Claims
of Facts:
• "The Earth revolves around the Sun"
• "The average temperature of the planet
has increased by 1 degree Celsius in the
last century"
• "Smoking cigarettes causes lung cancer"
What is a Claim
of Facts?
46
How to Support a
Claim of Fact:
• Use reliable sources, such as academic
studies, government reports, or reputable
news outlets.
• Provide statistical data or other evidence
to back up the claim.
• Acknowledge and address
counterarguments or alternative viewpoints.
What is a Claim
of Facts?
47
Claim of Fact and
Opinion:
:
• A claim of fact is objective and based on
evidence, while an opinion is subjective and
based on personal beliefs or feelings.
• Claims of fact can be proven or disproven,
while opinions cannot.
.
What is a Claim
of Facts?
48
Common Pitfalls to Avoid:
• Relying on unreliable sources, such as
hearsay or biased news outlets.
• Making unsupported claims or
generalizations.
• Ignoring counterarguments or evidence
that contradicts the claim.
What is a Claim
of Facts?
49
Importance of Claims of Fact:
• Claims of fact are essential to forming
accurate beliefs and making informed
decisions.
• They are the basis for scientific research,
policymaking, and legal proceedings.
• Without claims of fact, individuals and
society at large risk falling prey to
misinformation or propaganda.
Practice exercise:
Identify if the following are claims of fact or not and
explain your answers:
1.Vaping can lead to increased blood pressure, lung
disease, and insulin resistance.
(claim of fact)
2.Studies have shown that exposure to violent media is
a risk factor for violent behaviors. (claim of fact)
3.In order to insure that graduates are competitive for
top jobs in their fields, the college must put additional
resources into its career services office and internship
programs. (not a claim of fact)
4. Although the International Astronomical Union
announced that Pluto is not actually a planet, experts
disagree on what characteristics define a planet. (claim
of fact)
Parents should not only be aware of how their children are using social media, but also understand the potential positive and negative impacts of social media use. (not a claim of fact)
5. Parents should not only be aware of how their
children are using social media, but also understand the
potential positive and negative impacts of social media
use. (not a claim of fact)
Parents should not only be aware of how their children are using social media, but also understand the potential positive and negative impacts of social media use. (not a claim of fact)
“Think, Pair, Share”
Group Activity
53
54
The Fact
Checking
Challenge
55
Drinking eight
glasses of water
is necessary for
a good health.
56
57
Vaccines can
cause autism.
58
59
Humans only
use 10% of their
brain.
60
61
Eating carrots
improves
eyesight.
62
Fact-check: This statement is partly true.
Carrots are a good source of vitamin A,
which is important for maintaining healthy
eyesight. However, eating carrots alone is
not enough to improve eyesight or
prevent eye diseases. Other factors such
as genetics and overall health also play a
role in eye health.
Mission Possible
All by myself
63
64
Read the ff. text on religion education in
the Philippines .The students must
identify claims of fact in the text and use
them as support for their own claim as to
whether the Philippine education system
must include religion or remain secular.
They will present their answers in class,
graded by the rubric.
Let’s Wrap up!
65
Exit Ticket
Give one word that you can
remember in today’s lesson.
Lights,
camera,
action!
66
“
You can speak well if your tongue can
deliver the message of your heart.”
– John Ford
67
Home delight!
Explain the following:
A. Claim of Policy
B. Claim of Values
68
Thanks! To God be the
Glory!
Any questions?
You can find me at
karlpatricknikko.delacruz@deped.gov.ph
69

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RWS-Observation.pptx

  • 1. Reading and Writing Skills Karl Patrick Nikko B. Dela Cruz Master Teacher I – SDO Malolos
  • 4. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 1 The Chinatown in Binondo, Manila is the oldest in the world.
  • 5. SLIDESMANIA.COM FACT- Binondo is the world's oldest Chinatown, established in the 1590s by the Spanish as a settlement for Catholic Chinese. Yes, it is TRUE!
  • 6. SLIDESMANIA.COM No, it is not FALSE! FACT- Binondo is the world's oldest Chinatown, established in the 1590s by the Spanish as a settlement for Catholic Chinese.
  • 7. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 2 Mandarin is the less spoken language.
  • 8. SLIDESMANIA.COM BLUFF- Mandarin Chinese is the most spoken and largest language in the world. No, it is not TRUE!
  • 9. SLIDESMANIA.COM BLUFF- Mandarin Chinese is the most spoken and largest language in the world. Yes, it is FALSE!
  • 10. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 3 Batanes is the smallest province in the Philippines.
  • 11. SLIDESMANIA.COM FACT - Batanes, called the Home of the Winds, is considered the smallest province in the Philippines with only 230 kilometers of total land area. Yes, it is TRUE!
  • 12. SLIDESMANIA.COM FACT - Batanes, called the Home of the Winds, is considered the smallest province in the Philippines with only 230 kilometers of total land area. No, it is not FALSE!
  • 13. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 4 Albert Einstein failed Mathematics in school.
  • 14. SLIDESMANIA.COM BLUFF- Albert Einstein was actually very good at math and excelled in the subject. No, it is not TRUE!
  • 15. SLIDESMANIA.COM BLUFF- Albert Einstein was actually very good at math and excelled in the subject. Yes, it is FALSE!
  • 16. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 5 The tallest mountain in the world is Mt. Everest.
  • 17. SLIDESMANIA.COM FACT- Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain in the world, standing at 29,029 feet (88,48 meters. Yes, it is TRUE!
  • 18. SLIDESMANIA.COM FACT- Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain in the world, standing at 29,029 feet (88,48 meters. No, it is not FALSE!
  • 19. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 6 Mayon Volcano in Bicol is considered the world’s most perfect cone-shaped volcano.
  • 20. SLIDESMANIA.COM FACT- Mayon is a classic stratovolcano with a small central summit crater. The cone is considered the world's most perfectly formed volcano for its symmetry. Yes, it is TRUE!
  • 21. SLIDESMANIA.COM FACT- Mayon is a classic stratovolcano with a small central summit crater. The cone is considered the world's most perfectly formed volcano for its symmetry. No, it is not FALSE!
  • 22. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 7 The Great Wall of China can be seen from space.
  • 23. SLIDESMANIA.COM Bluff- The Great Wall of China cannot be seen from space with the naked eye, although it is visible from low Earth orbit with the aid of magnification. No, it is not TRUE!
  • 24. SLIDESMANIA.COM Bluff- The Great Wall of China cannot be seen from space with the naked eye, although it is visible from low Earth orbit with the aid of magnification. Yes, it is FALSE!
  • 25. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 8 Water boils at 100 degrees celsius at sea level.
  • 26. SLIDESMANIA.COM Fact- Water boils at 100 degrees celsius at sea level under standard condtions. Yes, it is TRUE!
  • 27. SLIDESMANIA.COM Fact- Water boils at 100 degrees celsius at sea level under standard condtions. No, it is not FALSE!
  • 28. SLIDESMANIA.COM Number 9 The human brain stops developing at the age of 25.
  • 29. SLIDESMANIA.COM The human brain continues to develop and change throughout a person’s life. No, it is not TRUE!
  • 30. SLIDESMANIA.COM The human brain continues to develop and change throughout a person’s life. Yes, it is FALSE!
  • 32. SLIDESMANIA.COM Bluff- There are enough scientific evidence to prove that the Earth is really round. No, it is not TRUE!
  • 33. SLIDESMANIA.COM Bluff- There are enough scientific evidence to prove that the Earth is really round. Yes, it is FALSE!
  • 34. Claims of Facts Objective: Identify claims explicitly or implicitly made in a written text a. Claim of fact
  • 35. MOST ESSENTIAL LEARNING COMPETENCY Identify claims explicitly or implicitly made in a written text a. Claim of fact b. Claim of policy c. Claim of value
  • 36. Claims are statements that assert something to be true. It can be either a fact or a judgment you have made.
  • 37. Claims can work on their own work together with other claims to form a larger argument.
  • 38. Examples of claims: • The Earth is flat. • Robert Downey Jr. is a good actor • Pewdiepie is having a child. Non-examples of claims: • Go to the bathroom. • Where is my Aquaflask jug?
  • 39. Claims can either be explicit or implicit.
  • 40. Explicit claims - assertions that are said by the text
  • 41. Implicit claims- assertions that are meant by the text (even though it is not necessarily said)
  • 42. There are three kinds of book owners. The first has all the standard sets and best sellers—unread, untouched. (This deluded individual owns wood-pulp and ink, not books.) The second has a great many books—a few of them read through, most of them dipped into, but all of them as clean and shiny as the day they were bought. (This person would probably like to make books his own but is restrained by a false respect for their physical appearance.) The third has a few books or many—every one of them dog—eared and dilapidated, shaken and loosened by continual use, marked and scribbled in front to back. (This man owns books). --Mortimer Adler, “How to Mark a Book,” Saturday Review
  • 43. EXPLICIT CLAIM: There are three types of book owners: those who only own them without reading, those who own and read them but respect their appearance, and those who own and read the books to their full capacity. IMPLICIT CLAIM: Real book owners read their books not because they want to keep a collection but because they genuinely want to study and understand the books.
  • 44. What is a Claim of Facts? 44 Claim of Facts A claim of fact is a statement that asserts that something is true or false. It is based on evidence, data, or other objective sources.
  • 45. What is a Claim of Facts? 45 Examples of Claims of Facts: • "The Earth revolves around the Sun" • "The average temperature of the planet has increased by 1 degree Celsius in the last century" • "Smoking cigarettes causes lung cancer"
  • 46. What is a Claim of Facts? 46 How to Support a Claim of Fact: • Use reliable sources, such as academic studies, government reports, or reputable news outlets. • Provide statistical data or other evidence to back up the claim. • Acknowledge and address counterarguments or alternative viewpoints.
  • 47. What is a Claim of Facts? 47 Claim of Fact and Opinion: : • A claim of fact is objective and based on evidence, while an opinion is subjective and based on personal beliefs or feelings. • Claims of fact can be proven or disproven, while opinions cannot. .
  • 48. What is a Claim of Facts? 48 Common Pitfalls to Avoid: • Relying on unreliable sources, such as hearsay or biased news outlets. • Making unsupported claims or generalizations. • Ignoring counterarguments or evidence that contradicts the claim.
  • 49. What is a Claim of Facts? 49 Importance of Claims of Fact: • Claims of fact are essential to forming accurate beliefs and making informed decisions. • They are the basis for scientific research, policymaking, and legal proceedings. • Without claims of fact, individuals and society at large risk falling prey to misinformation or propaganda.
  • 50. Practice exercise: Identify if the following are claims of fact or not and explain your answers: 1.Vaping can lead to increased blood pressure, lung disease, and insulin resistance. (claim of fact) 2.Studies have shown that exposure to violent media is a risk factor for violent behaviors. (claim of fact)
  • 51. 3.In order to insure that graduates are competitive for top jobs in their fields, the college must put additional resources into its career services office and internship programs. (not a claim of fact) 4. Although the International Astronomical Union announced that Pluto is not actually a planet, experts disagree on what characteristics define a planet. (claim of fact) Parents should not only be aware of how their children are using social media, but also understand the potential positive and negative impacts of social media use. (not a claim of fact)
  • 52. 5. Parents should not only be aware of how their children are using social media, but also understand the potential positive and negative impacts of social media use. (not a claim of fact) Parents should not only be aware of how their children are using social media, but also understand the potential positive and negative impacts of social media use. (not a claim of fact)
  • 55. 55 Drinking eight glasses of water is necessary for a good health.
  • 56. 56
  • 58. 58
  • 59. 59 Humans only use 10% of their brain.
  • 60. 60
  • 62. 62 Fact-check: This statement is partly true. Carrots are a good source of vitamin A, which is important for maintaining healthy eyesight. However, eating carrots alone is not enough to improve eyesight or prevent eye diseases. Other factors such as genetics and overall health also play a role in eye health.
  • 64. 64 Read the ff. text on religion education in the Philippines .The students must identify claims of fact in the text and use them as support for their own claim as to whether the Philippine education system must include religion or remain secular. They will present their answers in class, graded by the rubric.
  • 65. Let’s Wrap up! 65 Exit Ticket Give one word that you can remember in today’s lesson.
  • 67. “ You can speak well if your tongue can deliver the message of your heart.” – John Ford 67
  • 68. Home delight! Explain the following: A. Claim of Policy B. Claim of Values 68
  • 69. Thanks! To God be the Glory! Any questions? You can find me at karlpatricknikko.delacruz@deped.gov.ph 69